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Zenon Grocholewski

Zenon Grocholewski (11 October 1939 – 17 July 2020) was a Polish prelate of the Catholic Church, who was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2001. He joined the Roman Curia in 1972 and served from 1999 until 2015 as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.

His Eminence
Zenon Grocholewski
Prefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Catholic Education
Appointed15 November 1999
Term ended31 March 2015
PredecessorPio Laghi
SuccessorGiuseppe Versaldi
Other post(s)Cardinal Priest of San Nicola in Carcere (2001–2020)
Orders
Ordination27 May 1963
by Antoni Baraniak
Consecration6 January 1983
by Pope John Paul II
Created cardinal21 February 2001
by Pope John Paul II
RankCardinal priest
Personal details
Birth nameZenon Grocholewski
Born(1939-10-11)11 October 1939
Bródki, Poland
DiedJuly 17, 2020(2020-07-17) (aged 80)
Rome, Italy
NationalityPolish
DenominationRoman Catholic
Previous post(s)
  • Titular Archbishop of Acropolis (1982–2001)
  • Secretary of the Apostolic Signatura (1982–1998)
  • Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura (1998–1999)
MottoIllum oportet crescere
('He must increase', John 3:30)
Styles of
Zenon Grocholewski
Reference styleHis Eminence
Spoken styleYour Eminence
Informal styleCardinal
SeeAcropolis (titular)

Contents

Zenon Grocholewski was born in Bródki to Stanisław and Józefa (née Stawińska) Grocholewski. After studying at the archdiocesan seminary of Poznań, Grocholewski was ordained to the priesthood on 27 May 1963 by Archbishop Antoni Baraniak.

He joined the staff of the Apostolic Signatura in 1972. On 21 December 1982 he was appointed titular bishop of Acropolis, and he received his episcopal consecration on the following 6 January from Pope John Paul II, with Archbishops Eduardo Martínez Somalo and Duraisamy Lourdusamy serving as co-consecrators. John Paul promoted Grocholewski to the rank of Archbishop on 16 December 1991. On 15 November 1999, John Paul appointed him Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education. That position made him ex officio Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University.

Grocholewski was created Cardinal-Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere by John Paul II in the consistory of 21 January 2001. Grocholewski automatically lost his curial position on 2 April 2005 upon the death of Pope John Paul. He was confirmed in office by Pope Benedict XVI on 21 April. He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI. On 21 February 2011, he opted for the order of Cardinal Priest, with his former diaconal church elevated to the level of cardinalitial title. He participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis.

Grocholewski was a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, the Congregation for Bishops, the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts, and the Special Council for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops. Cardinal Grocholewski was also the papal envoy to the ceremonies marking the 400th anniversary of the founding of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas in Manila, the oldest university in Asia.

On 31 March 2015, Pope Francis appointed Cardinal Giuseppe Versaldi to succeed Grocholewski as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education.

Zenon Grocholewski died on 17 July 2020 at the age of 80.

Grocholewski taught at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome (1975–1999) and at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome (1980–1984). He also gave lectures on Administrative Justice at the Studio Rotale of the Roman Rota (1986–1998). The list of his publications ran to 550 entries.

He gave talks at conferences and conventions in various countries. He was connected with a number of Canon Law associations, and with the editorial boards of some academic reviews and journals.

In March 2011 at a press conference to present the newly published Decree on the Reform of Ecclesiastical Studies of Philosophy, Cardinal Grocholewski explained how the normative documents concerning ecclesiastical studies comprehended John Paul II's 1979 Apostolic Constitution "Sapientia christiana" and its norms of application, issued in the same year by the Congregation for Catholic Education. "Nonetheless", he said, "'Ecclesia semper est reformanda' in order to respond to the new demands of ecclesial life in changing historical-cultural circumstances and this also (perhaps especially) involves the academic world". The reasons for the reform, the cardinal explained, are "on the one hand, the shortcomings in philosophical formation at many ecclesiastical institutions, where precise points of reference are lacking especially as regards the subjects to be taught and the quality of teachers.... On the other hand there is the conviction – expressed in John Paul II's 1998 Encyclical Fides et ratio of the importance of the metaphysical component of philosophy, ... and the awareness that philosophy is indispensable for theological formation". For this reason today's decree of the congregation aims to re-evaluate philosophy, above all in the light of that Encyclical, ... restoring the 'original vocation' of philosophy; i.e., the search for truth and its sapiental and metaphysical dimension".

Cardinal Grocholewski received more than 20 honorary Doctorates, the Grand Medal of San Gorazdo of the Ministry of Education of Slovakia (2000), the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit (Chile) (2003), the Grand Cross of Merit with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (2005), the Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta (2009), and Commander of l’Ordre des Palmes académiques of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of France (2009).

  • Order of Merit (Chile), Grand Cross (2003)
  • Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Grand Cross of Merit with Star and Sash (2005)
  • Order of Polonia Restituta, Commander's Cross with Star (2009)
  • Ordre des Palmes Académiques (France), Commandeur (2009)
  1. "Grocholewski Card. Zenon". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 4 September 2017. Retrieved24 November 2017.
  2. Catholic Hierarchy
  3. "Polish cardinal who spent half his life serving at Vatican dies at 80". Crux. Catholic News Service. 17 July 2020. Retrieved18 July 2020.
  4. Acta Apostolicae Sedis(PDF). LXXV. 1983. p. 334. Retrieved18 July 2020.
  5. "Zenon Cardinal Grocholewski". Kansas City: Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved17 July 2020.
  6. Acta Apostolicae Sedis(PDF). LXXXIV. 1992. p. 94. Retrieved18 July 2020.
  7. Acta Apostolicae Sedis(PDF). XCI. 1999. p. 1199. Retrieved18 July 2020.
  8. "Pontifical Roman Universities". New Catholic Encyclopedia. Catholic University of America. Retrieved17 July 2020.
  9. Pope John Paul II (21 February 2001). "Concistoro Ordinario Pubblico per la creazione dei nuovi Cardinali" [Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals]. The Holy See (Homily) (in Italian). Libreria Editrica Vaticana. Assegnazione dei Titoli o delle Diaconie ai nuovi Cardinali. Archived from the original on 8 January 2018. Retrieved16 February 2018 – via the Holy See.
  10. Fox News, Fast Facts: List of Cardinal Electors, 18 April 2005
  11. Concistoro per il voto su alcune cause di canonizzazione 21 February 2011 Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  12. "List of Cardinal Electors". Zenit. 12 March 2013. Retrieved18 July 2020.
  13. "Grocholewski, Zenon". Catholic News Agency. Retrieved10 October 2019.
  14. "Pontiff Sends Message to Far East's Oldest University". Zenit News Agency. Innovative Media Inc. 30 January 2011. Retrieved17 July 2020.
  15. Tornielli, Andrea (31 March 2015). "Versaldi is the new "minister" of Catholic education". Vaticam Insider. Retrieved31 March 2015.
  16. "Kardinal Zenon Grocholewski ist tot. Ein enger Mitarbeiter von Johannes Paul II. Starb". Nach Welt (in German). 17 July 2020. Retrieved18 July 2020.
  17. Cf. Official Biography of Cardinal Grocholewski used during the 400th year foundation of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas, Manila.
  18. Donnini, Debora (18 July 2020). "I funerali del cardinale Grocholewski: la santità come vera grandezza dell'uomo". Vatican News (in Italian). Retrieved21 July 2020.
  19. New decree on reform of philosophy studies Archived 16 September 2011 at the Wayback Machine
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Secretary of the Apostolic Signatura
21 December 1982 – 5 October 1998
Succeeded by
Previous:
New*
Titular Bishop of Agropoli
21 December 1982 – 16 December 1991
see promoted to archbishopric
see promoted from bishopric Titular Archbishop of Agropoli
16 December 1991 – 21 February 2001
Succeeded by
Preceded by
President of the Commission for Advocates
5 October 1998 – 15 November 1999
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura
5 October 1998 – 15 November 1999
Preceded by
Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education
15 November 1999 – 31 March 2015
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Cardinal-Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere
21 February 2001 – 21 February 2011
deanery promoted to titular church
deanery promoted to titular church Cardinal-Priest pro hac vice of San Nicola in Carcere
21 February 2011 – 17 July 2020
Succeeded by
  • Note: The titular see of Agropoli was created in 1968 and Pope Paul VI assigned the title to John Paul Elford, who declined the title and was never consecrated a bishop.
  1. "Coadjutor, two auxiliaries named by Pope Paul". Catholic News Service. 24 July 1968. Retrieved11 January 2021.
  2. "Bishopric Declined in Indiana". The Catholic Advocate. 31 October 1968. Retrieved11 January 2021.

Zenon Grocholewski
Zenon Grocholewski Language Watch Edit Zenon Grocholewski 11 October 1939 17 July 2020 was a Polish prelate of the Catholic Church who was elevated to the rank of cardinal in 2001 He joined the Roman Curia in 1972 and served from 1999 until 2015 as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University His Eminence Zenon GrocholewskiPrefect Emeritus of the Congregation for Catholic EducationAppointed15 November 1999Term ended31 March 2015PredecessorPio LaghiSuccessorGiuseppe VersaldiOther post s Cardinal Priest of San Nicola in Carcere 2001 2020 OrdersOrdination27 May 1963 by Antoni BaraniakConsecration6 January 1983 by Pope John Paul IICreated cardinal21 February 2001 by Pope John Paul IIRankCardinal priestPersonal detailsBirth nameZenon GrocholewskiBorn 1939 10 11 11 October 1939 Brodki PolandDiedJuly 17 2020 2020 07 17 aged 80 Rome ItalyNationalityPolishDenominationRoman CatholicPrevious post s Titular Archbishop of Acropolis 1982 2001 Secretary of the Apostolic Signatura 1982 1998 Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura 1998 1999 MottoIllum oportet crescere He must increase John 3 30 Styles of Zenon GrocholewskiReference styleHis EminenceSpoken styleYour EminenceInformal styleCardinalSeeAcropolis titular Contents 1 Biography 2 Academic career 3 Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education 4 Honours awards and decorations 5 References 6 External linksBiography EditZenon Grocholewski was born in Brodki to Stanislaw and Jozefa nee Stawinska Grocholewski After studying at the archdiocesan seminary of Poznan Grocholewski was ordained to the priesthood on 27 May 1963 1 by Archbishop Antoni Baraniak 2 He joined the staff of the Apostolic Signatura in 1972 3 On 21 December 1982 he was appointed titular bishop of Acropolis 4 and he received his episcopal consecration on the following 6 January from Pope John Paul II with Archbishops Eduardo Martinez Somalo and Duraisamy Lourdusamy serving as co consecrators 5 John Paul promoted Grocholewski to the rank of Archbishop on 16 December 1991 6 On 15 November 1999 John Paul appointed him Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education 7 That position made him ex officio Grand Chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University 1 8 Grocholewski was created Cardinal Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere by John Paul II in the consistory of 21 January 2001 9 Grocholewski automatically lost his curial position on 2 April 2005 upon the death of Pope John Paul He was confirmed in office by Pope Benedict XVI on 21 April He was one of the cardinal electors who participated in the 2005 papal conclave that elected Pope Benedict XVI 10 On 21 February 2011 he opted for the order of Cardinal Priest with his former diaconal church elevated to the level of cardinalitial title 11 He participated in the 2013 papal conclave that elected Pope Francis 12 Grocholewski was a member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith the Congregation for Bishops the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts and the Special Council for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops 13 Cardinal Grocholewski was also the papal envoy to the ceremonies marking the 400th anniversary of the founding of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas in Manila the oldest university in Asia 14 On 31 March 2015 Pope Francis appointed Cardinal Giuseppe Versaldi to succeed Grocholewski as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education 15 Zenon Grocholewski died on 17 July 2020 at the age of 80 3 16 Academic career EditGrocholewski taught at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome 1975 1999 and at the Faculty of Canon Law of the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome 1980 1984 He also gave lectures on Administrative Justice at the Studio Rotale of the Roman Rota 1986 1998 17 The list of his publications ran to 550 entries 18 He gave talks at conferences and conventions in various countries He was connected with a number of Canon Law associations and with the editorial boards of some academic reviews and journals 17 Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education EditIn March 2011 at a press conference to present the newly published Decree on the Reform of Ecclesiastical Studies of Philosophy Cardinal Grocholewski explained how the normative documents concerning ecclesiastical studies comprehended John Paul II s 1979 Apostolic Constitution Sapientia christiana and its norms of application issued in the same year by the Congregation for Catholic Education Nonetheless he said Ecclesia semper est reformanda in order to respond to the new demands of ecclesial life in changing historical cultural circumstances and this also perhaps especially involves the academic world The reasons for the reform the cardinal explained are on the one hand the shortcomings in philosophical formation at many ecclesiastical institutions where precise points of reference are lacking especially as regards the subjects to be taught and the quality of teachers On the other hand there is the conviction expressed in John Paul II s 1998 Encyclical Fides et ratio of the importance of the metaphysical component of philosophy and the awareness that philosophy is indispensable for theological formation For this reason today s decree of the congregation aims to re evaluate philosophy above all in the light of that Encyclical restoring the original vocation of philosophy i e the search for truth and its sapiental and metaphysical dimension 19 Honours awards and decorations EditCardinal Grocholewski received more than 20 honorary Doctorates the Grand Medal of San Gorazdo of the Ministry of Education of Slovakia 2000 the Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Chile 2003 the Grand Cross of Merit with Star and Sash of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany 2005 the Commander s Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta 2009 and Commander of l Ordre des Palmes academiques of the Ministry of Education of the Republic of France 2009 17 Order of Merit Chile Grand Cross 2003 Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Grand Cross of Merit with Star and Sash 2005 Order of Polonia Restituta Commander s Cross with Star 2009 Ordre des Palmes Academiques France Commandeur 2009 References Edit a b Grocholewski Card Zenon Holy See Press Office Archived from the original on 4 September 2017 Retrieved 24 November 2017 Catholic Hierarchy a b Polish cardinal who spent half his life serving at Vatican dies at 80 Crux Catholic News Service 17 July 2020 Retrieved 18 July 2020 Acta Apostolicae Sedis PDF LXXV 1983 p 334 Retrieved 18 July 2020 Zenon Cardinal Grocholewski Kansas City Catholic Hierarchy org Retrieved 17 July 2020 Acta Apostolicae Sedis PDF LXXXIV 1992 p 94 Retrieved 18 July 2020 Acta Apostolicae Sedis PDF XCI 1999 p 1199 Retrieved 18 July 2020 Pontifical Roman Universities New Catholic Encyclopedia Catholic University of America Retrieved 17 July 2020 Pope John Paul II 21 February 2001 Concistoro Ordinario Pubblico per la creazione dei nuovi Cardinali Ordinary Public Consistory for the creation of new Cardinals The Holy See Homily in Italian Libreria Editrica Vaticana Assegnazione dei Titoli o delle Diaconie ai nuovi Cardinali Archived from the original on 8 January 2018 Retrieved 16 February 2018 via the Holy See Fox News Fast Facts List of Cardinal Electors 18 April 2005 Concistoro per il voto su alcune cause di canonizzazione 21 February 2011 Archived 20 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine List of Cardinal Electors Zenit 12 March 2013 Retrieved 18 July 2020 Grocholewski Zenon Catholic News Agency Retrieved 10 October 2019 Pontiff Sends Message to Far East s Oldest University Zenit News Agency Innovative Media Inc 30 January 2011 Retrieved 17 July 2020 Tornielli Andrea 31 March 2015 Versaldi is the new minister of Catholic education Vaticam Insider Retrieved 31 March 2015 Kardinal Zenon Grocholewski ist tot Ein enger Mitarbeiter von Johannes Paul II Starb Nach Welt in German 17 July 2020 Retrieved 18 July 2020 a b c Cf Official Biography of Cardinal Grocholewski used during the 400th year foundation of the Pontifical and Royal University of Santo Tomas Manila Donnini Debora 18 July 2020 I funerali del cardinale Grocholewski la santita come vera grandezza dell uomo Vatican News in Italian Retrieved 21 July 2020 New decree on reform of philosophy studies Archived 16 September 2011 at the Wayback MachineExternal links Edit Grocholewski Card Zenon Holy See Press Office Archived from the original on 4 September 2017 Retrieved 24 November 2017 2009 Catholic AlmanacCatholic Church titlesPreceded by Aurelio Sabattani Secretary of the Apostolic Signatura 21 December 1982 5 October 1998 Succeeded by Francesco Saverio SalernoPrevious New Titular Bishop of Agropoli 21 December 1982 16 December 1991 see promoted to archbishopricsee promoted from bishopric Titular Archbishop of Agropoli 16 December 1991 21 February 2001 Succeeded by Marc OuelletPreceded by Ugo Poletti President of the Commission for Advocates 5 October 1998 15 November 1999 Succeeded by Mario Francesco PompeddaPreceded by Gilberto Agustoni Prefect of the Apostolic Signatura 5 October 1998 15 November 1999Preceded by Pio Laghi Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education 15 November 1999 31 March 2015 Succeeded by Giuseppe VersaldiPreceded by Aloys Grillmeier Cardinal Deacon of San Nicola in Carcere 21 February 2001 21 February 2011 deanery promoted to titular churchdeanery promoted to titular church Cardinal Priest pro hac vice of San Nicola in Carcere 21 February 2011 17 July 2020 Succeeded by Silvano Maria TomasiNote The titular see of Agropoli was created in 1968 and Pope Paul VI assigned the title to John Paul Elford 1 who declined the title and was never consecrated a bishop 2 Coadjutor two auxiliaries named by Pope Paul Catholic News Service 24 July 1968 Retrieved 11 January 2021 Bishopric Declined in Indiana The Catholic Advocate 31 October 1968 Retrieved 11 January 2021 Retrieved 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