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Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County

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(February 2021) ()

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (simplified Chinese:镇宁布依族苗族自治县; traditional Chinese:鎮寧布依族苗族自治縣; pinyin: Zhènníng Bùyīzú Miáozú Zìzhìxiàn; usually referred to as "Zhenning County", commonly abbreviated as Zhenning (镇宁县;鎮寧縣; Zhènníng Xiàn); Buyei: Xianqgahguanc Buxqyaix Buxyeeuz Zenqninf) is an autonomous county under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Anshun, in the southwest of Guizhou Province, China.

Zhenning County

Contents

"Anzhuangwei" (reconstruction).

In the 3rd century BC, Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (Zhenning) was a part of an ancient political entity Yelang.

In 233, in the 11th year of Jianxing period of Shu Han (221–263), the county under the control of Puli Dazong (普里大宗).

In late Song dynasty, the powerful Mongol Empire, led by Genghis Khan, began their conquest of Song Empire. The Mongolian army occupied Zhenning and it came under the jurisdiction of Hehong Zhou (和宏州). In 1351, in the 11th year of Zhizheng period of the Yuan dynasty (1271–1368), Hehong Prefecture was renamed "Zhenning Zhou" (镇宁州) and belonged to Puding Circuit (普定路).

In 1385, in the ruling of Hongwu Emperor of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644), Zhenning came under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Buzhengshisi (四川布政使司). Five years later, a military garrison named "Anzhuangwei" (安庄卫) was founded in downtown Zhenning.

In 1671, in the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty (1644–1911), Zhenning became an independent "Zhou" and under the administration of Anshun Prefecture (安顺府).

In 1914, Zhenning Zhou was revoked and Zhenning County was set up.

On November 21, 1949, the Communists took over Zhenning. In 1956, it came under the jurisdiction of Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture. In 1958, Guanling was briefly merged into Zhenning County and then separated in 1961. On September 11, 1963, it became an autonomous county approved by the State Council of China. In 1964, it was under jurisdiction of Liuzhi Special District. In 1981, Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County came under the jurisdiction of Anshun.

After an adjustment of township-level administrative divisions of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County on January 14, 2016, the county has four subdistricts, eight towns and three townships under its jurisdiction.

Name Chinese character Note
Baimahu Subdistrict 白马湖街道
Huancui Subdistrict 环翠街道
Shuanglongshan Subdistrict 双龙山街道
Dingqi Subdistrict 丁旗街道
Huangguoshu 黄果树镇
Jianglong 江龙镇
Liuma 六马镇
Biandanshan 扁担山镇
Machang 马厂镇
Muyi 募役镇
Benzhai 本寨镇
Liangtian 良田镇
Shazi Township 沙子乡
Jianga Township 简嘎乡
Geli Township 革利乡
A panoramic view of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in 2020.
View of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County from Mount Zhouwu in 2020.

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is located in the southwest of Guizhou province. The county has a total area of 1,079.42 km2 (416.77 sq mi). It borders Puding County and Liuzhi Special District in the north, Wangmo County and Zhenfeng County in the east and south, Xixiu District and Ziyun Miao and Buyei Autonomous County in the east, and Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in the west.

Climate

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is in the subtropical humid monsoon climate zone, with an average annual temperature of 16.2 °C (61.2 °F), total annual rainfall of 1,277-millimetre (50.3 in), a frost-free period of 279 to 345 days and annual average sunshine hours in 1142 hours. The highest temperature is 23.7 °C (74.7 °F), and the lowest temperature is 6.5 °C (43.7 °F).

Climate data for Zhenning (1981−2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.8
(74.8)
30.2
(86.4)
33.2
(91.8)
33.3
(91.9)
34.5
(94.1)
32.6
(90.7)
33.0
(91.4)
33.8
(92.8)
32.9
(91.2)
29.0
(84.2)
26.0
(78.8)
22.9
(73.2)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) 9.0
(48.2)
11.8
(53.2)
16.5
(61.7)
21.3
(70.3)
24.0
(75.2)
25.3
(77.5)
26.6
(79.9)
26.9
(80.4)
24.5
(76.1)
19.6
(67.3)
15.8
(60.4)
11.2
(52.2)
19.4
(66.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
8.0
(46.4)
11.8
(53.2)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
21.5
(70.7)
22.6
(72.7)
22.5
(72.5)
20.1
(68.2)
16.1
(61.0)
12.1
(53.8)
7.6
(45.7)
15.3
(59.6)
Average low °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
5.3
(41.5)
8.7
(47.7)
13.0
(55.4)
16.2
(61.2)
18.6
(65.5)
19.8
(67.6)
19.4
(66.9)
17.0
(62.6)
13.7
(56.7)
9.5
(49.1)
5.1
(41.2)
12.5
(54.5)
Record low °C (°F) −4.8
(23.4)
−3.0
(26.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
3.1
(37.6)
7.4
(45.3)
11.8
(53.2)
11.7
(53.1)
12.2
(54.0)
9.0
(48.2)
3.6
(38.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
−7.0
(19.4)
−7.0
(19.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18.8
(0.74)
23.0
(0.91)
33.2
(1.31)
73.1
(2.88)
178.6
(7.03)
316.1
(12.44)
264.1
(10.40)
186.9
(7.36)
107.1
(4.22)
90.3
(3.56)
40.3
(1.59)
15.4
(0.61)
1,346.9
(53.05)
Average relative humidity (%) 82 79 75 74 76 81 83 80 78 81 79 78 79
Source: China Meteorological Data Service Center

Rivers

There are 31 rivers and streams in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County, which are tributaries of Dabang River and Qingshui River.

Zhenning River flows through the downtown county.

Lakes and reservoirs

There are three reservoirs in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County: Wang'er River Reservoir (王二河水库), White Horse Reservoir (白马水库), Guijiahu Reservoir and Red Flag Lake

Red Flag Lake.

Mountains

The highest point in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is Maocaopo (茅草坡; 'Thatched Slope') which stands 1,678 metres (5,505 ft) above sea level. The lowest point is in Liangtian, which, at 356 metres (1,168 ft) above sea level.

Parks

Huancui Park.

Huancui Park (环翠公园) is an urban park in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County.

As of 2019, the GDP of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County was 10.962 billion yuan, and the per capita GDP was 38162 yuan. Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County's economic engines are agriculture, animal husbandry, mining, paper industry, tourism, and plastic products industry.

Population

As of 2019, the National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China estimates the county's population now to be 287,300. There are 23 ethnic groups living in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County, including Han, Buyei, Miao and Gelao.

Language

Mandarin is the official language. The local people speak both Southwestern Mandarin and minority language.

Religion

The county government supports all religions. The local people mainly believe in Buddhism and Catholicism.

There are one high school, nine middle schools, sixty-nine primary schools, and sixty-four kindergartens in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County.

China National Highway 320, commonly abbreviated as "National Highway 320", runs through the county.

The G60 Shanghai–Kunming Expressway, commonly referred to as "Hukun Expressway", is a major northeast-southwest interstate that runs through western Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County and intersects with Duxiang Expressway [zh] in Yanpo, just north of the county.

Zhensheng Expressway

Tourism and related services are still developing in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County. The county is known worldwide for Huangguoshu Waterfall, which attracts a large number of tourists. The county's most visited Buddhist temple is Nianfo Temple (念佛寺). The Red Flag Reservoir is a popular attraction. Major tourist destinations include Yelang Cave (夜郎洞), Rhinoceros Cave (犀牛洞) and Shuangming Cave (双明洞).

Zhenning Catholic Church.
Arhat Hall, Nianfo Temple.
Huangguoshu Waterfall.
Lu Ruiguang Memorial Museum.
  1. Tang Yan (唐艳) (2 August 2019). 省政府批复黔西南州、普定县、镇宁自治县部分行政区划调整. 163.com (in Chinese). Retrieved21 August 2020.
  2. 镇宁布依族苗族自治县 2019年国民经济和社会发展统计公报. Government of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County (in Chinese). 14 May 2020. Retrieved21 August 2020.

Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County
Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County Language Watch Edit 160 160 Redirected from Zhenning This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County news newspapers books scholar JSTOR February 2021 Learn how and when to remove this template message Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County simplified Chinese 镇宁布依族苗族自治县 traditional Chinese 鎮寧布依族苗族自治縣 pinyin Zhenning Buyizu Miaozu Zizhixian usually referred to as Zhenning County commonly abbreviated as Zhenning 镇宁县 鎮寧縣 Zhenning Xian Buyei Xianqgahguanc Buxqyaix Buxyeeuz Zenqninf is an autonomous county under the administration of the prefecture level city of Anshun in the southwest of Guizhou Province China Zhenning County 镇宁县Autonomous county镇宁布依族苗族自治县 Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous CountyZhenningLocation of the seat in GuizhouShow map of GuizhouZhenningZhenning Southwest China Show map of Southwest ChinaCoordinates Zhenning County government 26 03 29 N 105 46 13 E 26 0581 N 105 7703 E 26 0581 105 7703 Coordinates 26 03 29 N 105 46 13 E 26 0581 N 105 7703 E 26 0581 105 7703CountryPeople s Republic of ChinaProvinceGuizhouPrefecture level cityAnshunArea Total1 709 42 km2 660 01 sq mi Population 2010 Total283 880 Density170 km2 430 sq mi Time zoneUTC 8 China Standard Contents 1 History 2 Administrative divisions 3 Geography 3 1 Climate 3 2 Rivers 3 3 Lakes and reservoirs 3 4 Mountains 3 5 Parks 4 Economy 5 Demographics 5 1 Population 5 2 Language 5 3 Religion 6 Education 7 Transportation 8 Tourism 9 Notable people 10 References 11 External linksHistory Edit Anzhuangwei reconstruction In the 3rd century BC Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County Zhenning was a part of an ancient political entity Yelang In 233 in the 11th year of Jianxing period of Shu Han 221 263 the county under the control of Puli Dazong 普里大宗 In late Song dynasty the powerful Mongol Empire led by Genghis Khan began their conquest of Song Empire The Mongolian army occupied Zhenning and it came under the jurisdiction of Hehong Zhou 和宏州 In 1351 in the 11th year of Zhizheng period of the Yuan dynasty 1271 1368 Hehong Prefecture was renamed Zhenning Zhou 镇宁州 and belonged to Puding Circuit 普定路 In 1385 in the ruling of Hongwu Emperor of the Ming dynasty 1368 1644 Zhenning came under the jurisdiction of Sichuan Buzhengshisi 四川布政使司 Five years later a military garrison named Anzhuangwei 安庄卫 was founded in downtown Zhenning In 1671 in the reign of Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty 1644 1911 Zhenning became an independent Zhou and under the administration of Anshun Prefecture 安顺府 In 1914 Zhenning Zhou was revoked and Zhenning County was set up On November 21 1949 the Communists took over Zhenning In 1956 it came under the jurisdiction of Qiannan Buyei and Miao Autonomous Prefecture In 1958 Guanling was briefly merged into Zhenning County and then separated in 1961 On September 11 1963 it became an autonomous county approved by the State Council of China In 1964 it was under jurisdiction of Liuzhi Special District In 1981 Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County came under the jurisdiction of Anshun Administrative divisions EditAfter an adjustment of township level administrative divisions of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County on January 14 2016 the county has four subdistricts eight towns and three townships under its jurisdiction 1 Name Chinese character NoteBaimahu Subdistrict 白马湖街道Huancui Subdistrict 环翠街道Shuanglongshan Subdistrict 双龙山街道Dingqi Subdistrict 丁旗街道Huangguoshu 黄果树镇Jianglong 江龙镇Liuma 六马镇Biandanshan 扁担山镇Machang 马厂镇Muyi 募役镇Benzhai 本寨镇Liangtian 良田镇Shazi Township 沙子乡Jianga Township 简嘎乡Geli Township 革利乡 A panoramic view of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in 2020 View of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County from Mount Zhouwu in 2020 Geography EditZhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is located in the southwest of Guizhou province The county has a total area of 1 079 42 km2 416 77 sq mi It borders Puding County and Liuzhi Special District in the north Wangmo County and Zhenfeng County in the east and south Xixiu District and Ziyun Miao and Buyei Autonomous County in the east and Guanling Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in the west Climate Edit Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is in the subtropical humid monsoon climate zone with an average annual temperature of 16 2 C 61 2 F total annual rainfall of 1 277 millimetre 50 3 in a frost free period of 279 to 345 days and annual average sunshine hours in 1142 hours The highest temperature is 23 7 C 74 7 F and the lowest temperature is 6 5 C 43 7 F Climate data for Zhenning 1981 2010 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 23 8 74 8 30 2 86 4 33 2 91 8 33 3 91 9 34 5 94 1 32 6 90 7 33 0 91 4 33 8 92 8 32 9 91 2 29 0 84 2 26 0 78 8 22 9 73 2 34 5 94 1 Average high C F 9 0 48 2 11 8 53 2 16 5 61 7 21 3 70 3 24 0 75 2 25 3 77 5 26 6 79 9 26 9 80 4 24 5 76 1 19 6 67 3 15 8 60 4 11 2 52 2 19 4 66 9 Daily mean C F 5 8 42 4 8 0 46 4 11 8 53 2 16 5 61 7 19 5 67 1 21 5 70 7 22 6 72 7 22 5 72 5 20 1 68 2 16 1 61 0 12 1 53 8 7 6 45 7 15 3 59 6 Average low C F 3 6 38 5 5 3 41 5 8 7 47 7 13 0 55 4 16 2 61 2 18 6 65 5 19 8 67 6 19 4 66 9 17 0 62 6 13 7 56 7 9 5 49 1 5 1 41 2 12 5 54 5 Record low C F 4 8 23 4 3 0 26 6 2 8 27 0 3 1 37 6 7 4 45 3 11 8 53 2 11 7 53 1 12 2 54 0 9 0 48 2 3 6 38 5 0 7 30 7 7 0 19 4 7 0 19 4 Average precipitation mm inches 18 8 0 74 23 0 0 91 33 2 1 31 73 1 2 88 178 6 7 03 316 1 12 44 264 1 10 40 186 9 7 36 107 1 4 22 90 3 3 56 40 3 1 59 15 4 0 61 1 346 9 53 05 Average relative humidity 82 79 75 74 76 81 83 80 78 81 79 78 79Source China Meteorological Data Service Center Rivers Edit There are 31 rivers and streams in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County which are tributaries of Dabang River and Qingshui River Zhenning River flows through the downtown county Lakes and reservoirs Edit There are three reservoirs in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County Wang er River Reservoir 王二河水库 White Horse Reservoir 白马水库 Guijiahu Reservoir and Red Flag Lake Red Flag Lake Mountains Edit The highest point in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County is Maocaopo 茅草坡 Thatched Slope which stands 1 678 metres 5 505 ft above sea level The lowest point is in Liangtian which at 356 metres 1 168 ft above sea level Parks Edit Huancui Park Huancui Park 环翠公园 is an urban park in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County Economy EditAs of 2019 the GDP of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County was 10 962 billion yuan and the per capita GDP was 38162 yuan 2 Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County s economic engines are agriculture animal husbandry mining paper industry tourism and plastic products industry 2 Demographics EditPopulation Edit As of 2019 the National Bureau of Statistics of the People s Republic of China estimates the county s population now to be 287 300 There are 23 ethnic groups living in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County including Han Buyei Miao and Gelao 2 Language Edit Mandarin is the official language The local people speak both Southwestern Mandarin and minority language Religion Edit The county government supports all religions The local people mainly believe in Buddhism and Catholicism Education EditThere are one high school nine middle schools sixty nine primary schools and sixty four kindergartens in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County 2 Transportation EditChina National Highway 320 commonly abbreviated as National Highway 320 runs through the county The G60 Shanghai Kunming Expressway commonly referred to as Hukun Expressway is a major northeast southwest interstate that runs through western Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County and intersects with Duxiang Expressway zh in Yanpo just north of the county Zhensheng ExpresswayTourism EditTourism and related services are still developing in Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County The county is known worldwide for Huangguoshu Waterfall which attracts a large number of tourists The county s most visited Buddhist temple is Nianfo Temple 念佛寺 The Red Flag Reservoir is a popular attraction Major tourist destinations include Yelang Cave 夜郎洞 Rhinoceros Cave 犀牛洞 and Shuangming Cave 双明洞 Zhenning Catholic Church Arhat Hall Nianfo Temple Huangguoshu Waterfall Lu Ruiguang Memorial Museum Notable people EditRen Zhengfei entrepreneur engineer and founder and CEO of Huawei Technologies Co Ltd References Edit Tang Yan 唐艳 2 August 2019 省政府批复黔西南州 普定县 镇宁自治县部分行政区划调整 163 com in Chinese Retrieved 21 August 2020 a b c d 镇宁布依族苗族自治县 2019年国民经济和社会发展统计公报 Government of Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County in Chinese 14 May 2020 Retrieved 21 August 2020 External links EditOfficial website of Zhenning Government Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zhenning Buyei and Miao Autonomous County amp oldid 1053821804, 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