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Zrenjanin (Serbian Cyrillic:Зрењанин, pronounced ; Hungarian: Nagybecskerek; Romanian: Becicherecu Mare; Slovak: Zreňanin; German: Großbetschkerek) is a city and the administrative center of the Central Banat District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The city urban area has a population of 76,511 inhabitants, while the city administrative area has 123,362 inhabitants (2011 census data). The old name for Zrenjanin is Veliki Bečkerek or Nagybecskerek as it was known under Austria-Hungary up until 1918.

Zrenjanin

Contents

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Lion in Županija Park

The city was named after Žarko Zrenjanin (1902–1942) in 1946 in honour and remembrance of his name. One of the leaders of the Vojvodina communist Partisans during World War II, he was imprisoned and released after being tortured by the Nazis for months, and later killed while trying to avoid recapture.[citation needed]

The former Serbian name of the city was Bečkerek (Бечкерек) or Veliki Bečkerek (Велики Бечкерек). In 1935 the city was renamed to Petrovgrad (Петровград) in honor of king Peter I of Serbia. It was called Petrovgrad from 1935 to 1946.

In Hungarian, the city is known as Nagybecskerek, in German as Großbetschkerek or Betschkerek, in Romanian as Becicherecul Mare or Zrenianin, in Slovak as Zreňanin, in Rusin as Зрењанин, in Croatian as Zrenjanin, and in Turkish as Beşkelek (meaning five melons) or Beçkerek.

It is assumed[by whom?][citation needed] that Zrenjanin's original name, Bečkerek/Becskerek, comes from Hungarian word kerek ("forest, grove") and the surname of the 14th-century nobleman, Imre Becsei, who had large estates in the area. Therefore, the name would be translated into English as "Becsei's Forest".

The original name received an adjective meaning "great/big/major" in the languages of the Banat (Serbian:Veliki or Велики, Danube Swabian: Groß, Hungarian: Nagy, Romanian: Mare), to distinguish it from a village of the same name in the Romanian Banat, that is usually referred to as small Bečkerek (cf. Serbian: Mali Bečkerek or Мали Бечкерек, Danube Swabian: Kleinbetschkerek, Romanian: Becicherecu Mic, Hungarian: Kisbecskerek).

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Prehistory

Old postcard of Zrenjanin
Old postcard of Zrenjanin

Prehistory can be divided into the Palaeolithic – Old Stone Age and the Neolithic – New Stone Age. In Zrenjanin's regions no archaeological sites of the Palaeolithic have been found. The only exception makes the discovery of mammoth’s head and other bones found on the banks of Tisa River near Novi Bečej in the year 1952. The discovered archaeological sites, however, indicate that these regions had already been inhabited in the early Neolithic period about 5000 years BC. The most important archaeological site from this period is so-called Krstić tumulus, near Mužlja, about 10 km (6 mi) away from Zrenjanin. Here were found the ceramics, with interesting ornaments. Beside the brewery ground have been found rough, with coloured fine ceramics, ornaments (Starčevo culture). The middle Neolithic appeared in our area as Vinča and Potisje culture, in the down course of the Tisa River. What makes this area important is the fact that the influence of two parallel cultures flew through it at the same time. The Iron Age has not been enough explored yet. A few regions with some archaeological materials from the Iron Age have been found: in the residential area Šumica a tip of a spear was found and near the oil factory, pieces of ceramics from the Bronze Age were discovered.

At the beginning of the common era, this area was settled by many native tribes, but also by many newcomer tribes: the Illyrians, the Celts, the Goths, the Geths, the Sarmatian and Jazghs. In the end of the third century and in the middle of the fourth century, in the area of Zrenjanin and its surroundings, the Sarmatian tribe Roxolani appeared. From this period a Sarmatian’s graveyard has been found in a city residential district, near the railroad bridge. Finally in the necropolis, not far from Aradac, “Mečka”, more than 120 graves, which date from the end of the sixth and the beginning of the seventh century, have been excavated in 1952.

Postcardː Brewery Dundjerski and the banks of the river Begej in Becskerek (Zrenjanin)

Middle Ages

Ottoman city of Bečkerek (Zrenjanin) in 1697–98, including mosque with minaret that dominated the city.

The first historical records mentioning Zrenjanin (Bečkerek) date from the 14th century, the time when Charles I, King of Hungary and Croatia (1301–1342), used to visit Banat and spend time in his capital Timișoara. (Near today's Zrenjanin a coin was found with the inscription "Charles I".) Many noblemen came with the King, including the powerful Imre Becsei. The areas where Becsei settled down were named for him, “Bechereki” and “Beche” (Novi Bečej).

The oldest written records of Bečkerek date from Budim Capitulum’s document of collecting the Pope’s tens taxes in 1326, 1331 and 1332. Judging by the size of the taxes, Bečkerek of 1330s was an average village. The first settlers were the landless Hungarian peasants. There were the Serbs in Banat, too. During the reign of Louis I of Hungary (1343–1382), more Serbs migrated to the area from the south, and with them many Orthodox priests.

After the Turkish victory at the battle of Nicopolis (1396) the Hungarian King Sigismund (1387–1437) was considering defending the territory settled by the Serbs, and he is known to have visited Bečkerek on September 30, 1398. The town was granted to Stefan Lazarević at the end of the 1403. The despot became the vassal of the Hungarian King; but he got Bečkerek and the title of the Great Head of the Torontál County.

Ottoman period

Sokollu Mehmed Pasha , founder of Bečkerek vakuf

The Hungarian King Ferdinand appointed friar Djordje Martinović, a commander of his forces, to defend the town from the Ottomans. Hungary was attacked by 80,000 Ottoman soldiers under the command of Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha. On September 15, 1551, the siege of the town Bečej was raised and the town was taken after four days. On September 24 the Bečkerek fortress was sieged. Many people left town earlier and with few defenders the town couldn't be defended and those eighty, who left surrendered the next day. Malković was appointed the lord of Bečkerek. After the Ottomans had taken Timișoara in 1552, Banat became a special province, the Temeşvar Eyalet, which was made up of several sanjaks, one of which was the Sanjak of Beçkerek.

During Ottoman occupation, the sanjak had a military administration. Due to good behaviour of the rayah, the inhabitants were exempt from war taxes. During the 165 years of Ottoman rule, Bečkerek consisted of two separate settlements: the settlement of Bečkerek and the village of Gradnulica. The town was divided into two parts, a Turkish and a Serbian. The Turkish part was fenced and closed, while the Serbian one was open. On the main square there was a large mosque built and inside the fortress there was a little one. There was a Turkish bath, and around it there were about twenty stores. Gradnulica was a disorderly village, whose centre was approximately on the crossroad of the present streets Sindjelićeva and Djurdjevska. Prior to Ottoman occupation, the citizens were Serbs and Hungarians. At the end of the 18th century there were about fifty Turkish families.

According to the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699), the Temeşvar Eyalet, including Bečkerek, stayed under Ottoman rule, while bordering territories once again came under the Military Frontier. After the Austro-Turkish War of 1716–18 Bečkerek went under Habsburg rule.

Habsburg and Austrian period (1718–1914)

As a crown province, Banat belonged directly to the Vienna court. The first governor, appointed by the Emperor, was Count Claudius Mercy. By the imperial edict on September 12, 1718, Banat was divided into 13 districts, with the main administration in Timișoara at its head. The District of Banat included a few settlements: Idjoš, Arač, Bečej, Itebej, Elemir, Ečka and Aradac. The first chief of this district was Titus Vespanius Slucki. After the Turkish forces and Turks families had withdrawn, the land was left devastated without labour, which could till the soil and paid taxes. That's why the Austrian court tried to settle Banat as soon as possible.

The colonization lasted from 1718 till 1724, when the town was settled mostly by Germans, but the Serbs never stopped arriving. The military frontier in Potisje was displaced. In the following years Italians, Frenchmen, Romanians arrived and then the Catalans from Barcelona, who escaped the repression after the War of the Spanish Succession and settled in a place which is now the suburb of Dolja within Zrenjanin. The town was called New Barcelona. But the life was difficult in this marsh area with many contagious diseases, so many of them died and still many left.

National Museum of Zrenjanin

In the summer of 1738 there was the great plague. The Count Mersy wanted to turn marshes into fertile soil and he began to regulate the Begej River. In the middle and down course of the river a long canal was built, to make the river traffic possible between Bečkerek and Timișoara. On the first of November 1745 Sebastian Krazeisen began to make beer in the first brewery and that meant the first start of the industrialization. In the same year the first Serb’s school was mentioned.

On 6 June 1769 Maria Theresa granted the Community of Great Bečkerek, the privilege of becoming the trading centre. By this privilege the whole social-economic life of the former Bečkerek was regulated and it got the status of the town. In 1769 the first hospital was built. In 1779, by the new organization of Torontál County, Bečkerek became its centre. The city was briefly restored to Ottoman administration from 1787 to 1788 during Austro-Turkish War (1787–91).

In the 18th century it developed into thriving economic and cultural centre, but the great fire destroyed a large portion of the town in 1807. The town was soon rebuilt. The fire came from the brewery, on 30 August 1807. After the fire a new regulation of streets had been done, houses had been built from stronger materials, roads had been rebuilt. The river traffic was especially intensive. The theatre building with an attractively decorated hall was built in 1839. In 1846 the Grammar School was opened and in 1847 the first printing shop.

The 1848–49 Revolutions had its impact on Bečkerek. The Serbs revolted, aiming for autonomy within the Austrian Empire. At the May Assembly (13–15 May 1848), the Serbian Vojvodina was proclaimed, including most of what is today Vojvodina. Serbs from Bečkerek participated in the uprising against Hungarian authority (which refused Serb rights) and from 26 January to 29 April 1849 the town was under Serb rebel control. In 1849, the town became part of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar until 1860.

Although that time was known in history as a period of Bach's absolutism, the second part of the 19th century brought the town new developing benefits. New industrial facilities and handicraft stores were opened in every part of the town. Late 19th and early 20th century was progressive period for Veliki Bečkerek. Railway arrived in 1883, while post office was opened back in 1737.

World War I and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia

Lake (former Begej riverbed) in Zrenjanin

After the Sarajevo assassination, more than 30 citizens of Bečkerek were accused by the Austria-Hungary’s authorities of high treason. Among them was Dr Emil Gavrila, who together with Svetozar Miletić and Jaša Tomić, worked very hard on the cultural and social strengthening of Serbs.

Those Serbs recruited in the Austria-Hungary's army began to desert so they would not fight their own people.

7,000 of them formed volunteer detachments (people were from Banat and Srem) at the Eastern front and fought at Dobruja, but 79 of them fought on the Salonice front, too.

After years, the Serbs forces made a breakthrough of the Salonice front in 1918 and began to liberate their own country. The First Army in command of Vojvoda Petar Bojović freed Belgrade on 1 November 1918 and began to occupy Vojvodina.

On 17 November Serbian army arrived at Veliki Bečkerek. On 31 October 1918, the Serb Chamber of People of the town founded in the war conditions, as a temporary authority with Dr Slavko Župunski at its head. Serb army, the infantry iron regiment “Prince Mihajlo” and the infantry brigade with Colonel Dragutin Ristić in command came into the town on 17 November 1918.

A few days after Vojvodina had been occupied, its provinces were attached to the Kingdom of Serbs and on December 1, 1918, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was founded, as the first South Slavic state.

The town of Veliki Bečkerek became the administrative centre of Torontal-Tamiš County, and after its repealing, the town became the headquarters of District Office. In 1929 the town became part of the Danube Banovina. By the Town Council decision made on 29 September 1934, and confirmed by the Town Authority on 18 February 1935, the town was renamed Petrovgrad, after the king Peter I.

Second World War and SFR Yugoslavia

City center with Bukovac's Palace (1895) in the front

After the Kingdom of Yugoslavia had capitulated on 18 April 1941, and Nazi Germany occupied the country, the German Forces came into Petrovgrad. The authority in Banat had domestic Germans – Volksdeutsche, who immediately started to confiscate Jews' property and arrested patriots. The town was renamed Great Bečkerek and it was the headquarters of the occupation authority for Banat (1941-44), headed by Juraj Špiler, and a concentration camp in Cara Dušana Street.

The camp existed for almost two years and thousands of people passed through it. In town there were many underground groups supported by the Communist Party, which fought the German occupiers and the Germans made reprisals.

On 2 October 1944, the Red Army Forces came into town, and, after a short fight, took command of most vital public buildings.

The following day the first meeting on National Liberation Committee for the town Petrovgrad was held.

Eight members of the national liberation resistance, from the town and its surroundings were announced National Heroes: Žarko Zrenjanin, Svetozar Marković Toza, Pap Pavle, Stevica Jovanović, Servo Mihalj, Dr. Boško Vrebalov, Nedeljko Barnić Žarki, Bora Mikin Marko. During World War II, the town infrastructure was kept almost saved. Except in the final fights for the town, there were no war actions on the territory of the town. The Germans tried to damage and destroy some industrial buildings, but it was prevented. Only Anau-Winkler’s mill and the monumental Jewish synagogue in the centre of the town were destroyed.

After World War II important social-political changes were made in the country, which, of course, had their influence on the development of Zrenjanin, newly named in 1946. In August 1945 the Agriculture Reform Act came into force, in June 1950 the Worker Self-Management Act, in 1959 the first direct urban plan of the town development, which indicated the urbanism-economic development of the town, was passed.

The development, in the first after war decade, was directed by the directive plans, which were based on the principles of socialist economy in which the most important industrial branches were industry and agriculture. By the 1980s many people left their villages and moved into towns which brought many changes in the social, educational and ethnic structure of the town. There was permanently shortage of housing. That is why many new parts of the town and many new apartment buildings were built. Zrenjanin became an important agricultural, industrial, cultural and sport centre, at the time Zrenjanin was one of the most powerful industrial centres of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia led by Josip Broz Tito.

After 1991

Main street
Freedom square in the center of the city

The town's development has always been strongly affected by the social-economic circumstances reflecting the State surroundings that Zrenjanin found in. At the beginning of 1990s, when the war broke out on the territory of the former Yugoslavia, and the country was falling apart, it led to rather hard social and economic crisis in this area, All that caused an economic stagnation, unemployment, large migrations of refugees from the former Yugoslav Republics: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The town experienced the first political changes by the introducing of multiparty system at the end of 1996 when the local government was ruled by the coalition Zajedno (Together) and in 2000 by the coalition Democratic opposition of Serbia. On March 24, 1999, the NATO bombing of Serbia began but the town was not targeted. Life in the town was quite normal, in spite of the dangerous situation elsewhere in the country.

In the first years after the end of war activities the Town and its citizens have been adjusting to new economic and social-economic conditions, known as transition. Instead of previous large economic combines and companies plenty of new flexible private enterprises are established and foreign capital is starting to flow in Zrenjanin. New industrial and work and residential zones are formed and the Town's General Plan 2006-2026 and Sustainable Development Strategy 2006-2013 are made and approved. At the end of 2007, introducing a new national territorial organisation followed by necessary legislation, the Municipality of Zrenjanin has been upgraded to an administrative and territorial status of a city.

It is near that town that the Vera Renczi, the notorious "Black Widow", lived in her chateau of Berkerekul, where, out of raging jealousy, she poisoned her two husbands, her 10-year-old son and 32 lovers starting in 1925. She placed all the corpses in zinc coffins in the chateau crypt and used to talk to them, drinking champagne. She was arrested in 1930, condemned to death, sentence commuted to life in prison because, at that time, Yugoslavia did not execute women. She became complete insane and died in the town asylum in 1960.

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Zrenjanin is situated on the western edge of the Banat loess plateau, at the place where the canalized River Begej flows into the former water course of the River Tisa. The territory of the city is predominantly flat country. The City of Zrenjanin is situated at a longitude of 20°23’ east and a latitude of 45°23’ north, in the center of the Serbian part of the Banat region, on the banks of the Rivers Begej and Tisa. The city is located at 80 meters above sea level.

Zrenjanin is around 70 kilometres (43 mi) away from Belgrade, and about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from Novi Sad, which is also the distance to the present border with the European Union (Romania), which makes its position a particularly important transition center and potential resource in the directions north–south and east–west.

Inhabited places

Lake (former Begej riverbed) in Zrenjanin

The city administrative area includes the following villages:

Neighbourhoods in Zrenjanin

Climate

Palace in Županijski Park

The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is Dfa (Humid Continental Climate).

The average temperature for the year in Zrenjanin is 12.1 °C (53.8 °F). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 22.9 °C (73.2 °F). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 0.7 °C (33.3 °F).

The highest recorded temperature in Zrenjanin is 42.9 °C (109.2 °F), which was recorded in July. The lowest recorded temperature in Zrenjanin is −27.3 °C (−17.1 °F), which was recorded in January.

The average amount of precipitation for the year in Zrenjanin is 597.1 mm (23.5 in). The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 84.3 mm (3.3 in) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 33.7 mm (1.3 in). There are an average of 126.8 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in May with 12.4 days and the least precipitation occurring in August with 7.5 days.

Climate data for Zrenjanin (1991–2020, extremes 1961–2020)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
22.5
(72.5)
28.6
(83.5)
31.4
(88.5)
35.2
(95.4)
38.0
(100.4)
42.9
(109.2)
40.4
(104.7)
37.7
(99.9)
31.9
(89.4)
24.9
(76.8)
20.5
(68.9)
42.9
(109.2)
Average high °C (°F) 3.8
(38.8)
6.7
(44.1)
12.5
(54.5)
18.5
(65.3)
23.4
(74.1)
26.9
(80.4)
29.0
(84.2)
29.5
(85.1)
24.0
(75.2)
18.1
(64.6)
11.2
(52.2)
4.7
(40.5)
17.4
(63.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 0.7
(33.3)
2.4
(36.3)
7.0
(44.6)
12.6
(54.7)
17.5
(63.5)
21.2
(70.2)
22.9
(73.2)
22.7
(72.9)
17.5
(63.5)
12.2
(54.0)
7.0
(44.6)
1.8
(35.2)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F) −2.3
(27.9)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.2
(36.0)
6.8
(44.2)
11.5
(52.7)
15.1
(59.2)
16.4
(61.5)
16.3
(61.3)
12.1
(53.8)
7.5
(45.5)
3.6
(38.5)
−1.0
(30.2)
7.2
(45.0)
Record low °C (°F) −27.3
(−17.1)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.0
(35.6)
5.4
(41.7)
5.4
(41.7)
−3.0
(26.6)
−8.6
(16.5)
−13.2
(8.2)
−23.1
(−9.6)
−27.5
(−17.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 36.6
(1.44)
33.7
(1.33)
35.1
(1.38)
40.9
(1.61)
61.3
(2.41)
84.3
(3.32)
59.4
(2.34)
50.9
(2.00)
54.9
(2.16)
49.7
(1.96)
43.6
(1.72)
46.7
(1.84)
597.1
(23.51)
Average precipitation days(≥ 0.1 mm) 12.2 10.7 10.3 10.6 12.4 11.8 9.4 7.5 10.1 9.2 10.3 12.3 126.8
Average snowy days 6.1 5.6 2.7 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.7 4.7 21.1
Average relative humidity (%) 84.5 78.7 69.7 65.6 66.1 67.6 65.3 64.4 70.3 75.4 80.5 86.1 72.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 70.9 104.0 164.1 206.5 248.7 276.3 307.5 292.9 209.4 165.0 98.1 61.2 2,204.6
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1948100,364
1953102,844+0.49%
1961115,692+1.48%
1971129,837+1.16%
1981139,300+0.71%
1991136,778−0.18%
2002132,051−0.32%
2011123,362−0.75%
Source:

According to the 2011 census, the total population of the city of Zrenjanin was 123,362 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Zrenjanin, Banatski Despotovac, Botoš, Elemir, Ečka, Klek, Knićanin, Lazarevo, Lukićevo, Melenci, Orlovat, Perlez, Stajićevo, Taraš, Tomaševac, Farkaždin, and Čenta. Settlements with Hungarian ethnic majority are: Lukino Selo and Mihajlovo. Settlement with Romanian ethnic majority is Jankov Most. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Aradac (with relative Serb majority) and Belo Blato (with relative Slovak majority).

The ethnic composition of the city administrative area:

Ethnic group Population %
Serbs 91,579 74.24%
Hungarians 12,350 10.01%
Roma 3,410 2.76%
Romanians 2,161 1.75%
Slovaks 2,062 1.67%
Yugoslavs 592 0.48%
Croats 527 0.43%
Macedonians 412 0.33%
Montenegrins 280 0.23%
Bulgarians 184 0.15%
Germans 139 0.11%
Albanians 110 0.09%
Others 9,556 7.75%
Total 123,362

Urbanization

Changing demographics of Zrenjanin proper

Religion

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Serbian Orthodox Uspenska Church
Catholic Cathedral Zrenjanin

According to the 2002 census, most of the inhabitants of the Zrenjanin municipality were Orthodox Christians (77.28%). Other faiths include Roman Catholic (12.01%), Protestant (2.13%), and other. Orthodox Christians in Zrenjanin belong to the Eparchy of Banat of the Serbian Orthodox Church with seat in Vršac. Zrenjanin is also the centre of the Roman Catholic diocese of the Banat region belonging to Serbia.

The city of Zrenjanin used to be the fourth largest industry center in former Yugoslavia.[citation needed] The economy of Zrenjanin is diverse, as it has developed processing industry, agriculture, forestry, building industry, and transport.

As of September 2017, Zrenjanin has one of 14 free economic zones established in Serbia.

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 736
Mining and quarrying 687
Manufacturing 12,688
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 480
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 651
Construction 1,096
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 4,907
Transportation and storage 1,918
Accommodation and food services 859
Information and communication 464
Financial and insurance activities 477
Real estate activities 103
Professional, scientific and technical activities 1,195
Administrative and support service activities 1,095
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 1,781
Education 2,265
Human health and social work activities 2,772
Arts, entertainment and recreation 456
Other service activities 555
Individual agricultural workers 1,071
Total 36,526
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Zrenjanin no longer has a public transport operator, for the first time in its recent history, following the privatization and subsequent bankruptcy of Autobanat. It used to operate as the city's public transport company and as the regional public transport service to the nearby cities of (Novi Sad, Belgrade, Kikinda, Vršac), etc.

In the past river traffic on the Begej river used to be most developed mode of cargo transport. Veliki Bečkerek got a railway in 1883, when it linked the city to Velika Kikinda. There are many taxi companies in Zrenjanin and the regulations are either lacking or are not enforced by the authorities.[citation needed]

Main sights

In popular culture

  • Zrenjanin (under the name of Petrovgrad) is mentioned in the novel "Waiting for Robert Capa" of Spanish author Susana Fortes. Jewish protagonist's brothers who are running from persecution, are settling in Serbian village Petrovgrad, just on Romanian border, because there was never tradition of antisemitism in the village.

Tourism

Architecture in Zrenjanin

Zrenjanin has many places of interest like City Hall, the cathedral, Freedom Square, King Aleksandar I Street, etc.

There is a Tourist Information Office in the building of National Museum (Subotićeva 1).

Sports

Crystal Hall is an indoor basketball and handball arena that was the home venue of the 2013 World Women's Handball Championship.

Zrenjanin has a long sports tradition. First clubs were established during the 1880s. It was the home town of Proleter football club from 1947 until 2005. As of 2021 FK Radnički Zrenjanin plays in Serbian League Vojvodina division, which is the third level football league in Serbia.

The city was designated European city of sport in 2021.

Olympic and World champion Nikola Grbić

Twin towns – sister cities

Zrenjanin is twinned with:

  1. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements"(PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved2014-06-27.
  2. Climate Summary
  3. "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1991–2020" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Archived from the original on 15 April 2022. Retrieved15 April 2022.
  4. "Monthly and annual means, maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981–2010" (in Serbian). Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia. Archived from the original on 20 July 2021. RetrievedFebruary 25, 2017.
  5. "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia"(PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved19 March 2017.
  6. "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији"(PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved10 April 2019.
  7. Mikavica, A. (3 September 2017). "Slobodne zone mamac za investitore". politika.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved17 March 2019.
  8. "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019"(PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved28 December 2019.
  9. Fortes, Susana (2012). Čekajući Roberta Capu (in Croatian). Zaprešić (Croatia: Fraktura. p. 52. ISBN 978-953-266-379-2.
  10. Tourism Information Office, http://www.zrenjanin.rs/en/visit-zrenjanin/tourist-information-center
  11. "BOGATSTVO I TRADICIJA SPORTA: Predsednik Olimpijskog komiteta Božidar Maljković u Zrenjaninu".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  12. "European Cities of Sport". Aces Europe. Retrieved2021-01-17.
  13. Joe Penner biography (in Hungarian)
  14. Laurence, Robin. Marianna Schmidt: Untitled (Three Figures)(PDF). Surrey Art Gallery. Surrey Art Gallery, Surrey, B.C. ISBN 978-1-926573-06-9. Retrieved7 March 2015.
Bibliography
  • Milan Tutorov, Banatska rapsodija - istorika Zrenjanina i Banata, Novi Sad, 2001.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toZrenjanin.

Zrenjanin Article Talk Language Watch Edit Petrovgrad redirects here For the city formerly known as Petrograd see Saint Petersburg This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Zrenjanin news newspapers books scholar JSTOR March 2013 Learn how and when to remove this template message Zrenjanin Serbian Cyrillic Zreњanin pronounced zrɛ ɲanin Hungarian Nagybecskerek Romanian Becicherecu Mare Slovak Zrenanin German Grossbetschkerek is a city and the administrative center of the Central Banat District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina Serbia The city urban area has a population of 76 511 inhabitants while the city administrative area has 123 362 inhabitants 2011 census data The old name for Zrenjanin is Veliki Beckerek or Nagybecskerek as it was known under Austria Hungary up until 1918 Zrenjanin Zreњanin Serbian Nagybecskerek Hungarian CityCity of ZrenjaninFrom top Freedom Square Zrenjanin City Hall National Museum Cathedral of St John of Nepomuk Begej river The building of Vojvodina Bank Zrenjanin Court HouseFlagCoat of armsLocation of Zrenjanin within SerbiaCoordinates 45 23 0 N 20 23 22 E 45 38333 N 20 38944 E 45 38333 20 38944 Coordinates 45 23 0 N 20 23 22 E 45 38333 N 20 38944 E 45 38333 20 38944Country SerbiaProvince VojvodinaDistrictCentral BanatSettled by Roxolani3rd century ADFounded10 July 1326City status6 June 1769Government MayorSimo Salapura SNS Area Rank3rd in Serbia Urban193 03 km2 74 53 sq mi Administrative1 325 88 km2 511 93 sq mi Elevation76 m 249 ft Population 2011 census 1 Rank10th in Serbia Urban76 511 Urban density400 km2 1 000 sq mi Administrative123 362 Administrative density93 km2 240 sq mi Demonym s Zrenjaninci sr Time zoneUTC 01 00 CET Summer DST UTC 02 00 CEST Postal code23000Area code s 381 0 23Car platesZRWebsitewww zrenjanin rs Zrenjanin is the largest city in the Serbian part of the Banat geographical region and the third largest city in Vojvodina after Novi Sad and Subotica The city was designated European city of sport Contents 1 Name 2 History 2 1 Prehistory 2 2 Middle Ages 2 3 Ottoman period 2 4 Habsburg and Austrian period 1718 1914 2 5 World War I and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia 2 6 Second World War and SFR Yugoslavia 2 7 After 1991 3 Geography 3 1 Inhabited places 3 2 Neighbourhoods in Zrenjanin 3 3 Climate 4 Demographics 4 1 Ethnic groups 4 2 Urbanization 4 3 Religion 5 Economy 6 Transportation 7 Culture 7 1 Main sights 7 2 In popular culture 7 3 Tourism 7 4 Sports 8 Notable residents 9 International relations 9 1 Twin towns sister cities 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksName EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Lion in Zupanija Park The city was named after Zarko Zrenjanin 1902 1942 in 1946 in honour and remembrance of his name One of the leaders of the Vojvodina communist Partisans during World War II he was imprisoned and released after being tortured by the Nazis for months and later killed while trying to avoid recapture citation needed The former Serbian name of the city was Beckerek Bechkerek or Veliki Beckerek Veliki Bechkerek In 1935 the city was renamed to Petrovgrad Petrovgrad in honor of king Peter I of Serbia It was called Petrovgrad from 1935 to 1946 In Hungarian the city is known as Nagybecskerek in German as Grossbetschkerek or Betschkerek in Romanian as Becicherecul Mare or Zrenianin in Slovak as Zrenanin in Rusin as Zreњanin in Croatian as Zrenjanin and in Turkish as Beskelek meaning five melons or Beckerek It is assumed by whom citation needed that Zrenjanin s original name Beckerek Becskerek comes from Hungarian word kerek forest grove and the surname of the 14th century nobleman Imre Becsei who had large estates in the area Therefore the name would be translated into English as Becsei s Forest The original name received an adjective meaning great big major in the languages of the Banat Serbian Veliki or Veliki Danube Swabian Gross Hungarian Nagy Romanian Mare to distinguish it from a village of the same name in the Romanian Banat that is usually referred to as small Beckerek cf Serbian Mali Beckerek or Mali Bechkerek Danube Swabian Kleinbetschkerek Romanian Becicherecu Mic Hungarian Kisbecskerek History EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Prehistory Edit Old postcard of Zrenjanin Old postcard of Zrenjanin Prehistory can be divided into the Palaeolithic Old Stone Age and the Neolithic New Stone Age In Zrenjanin s regions no archaeological sites of the Palaeolithic have been found The only exception makes the discovery of mammoth s head and other bones found on the banks of Tisa River near Novi Becej in the year 1952 The discovered archaeological sites however indicate that these regions had already been inhabited in the early Neolithic period about 5000 years BC The most important archaeological site from this period is so called Krstic tumulus near Muzlja about 10 km 6 mi away from Zrenjanin Here were found the ceramics with interesting ornaments Beside the brewery ground have been found rough with coloured fine ceramics ornaments Starcevo culture The middle Neolithic appeared in our area as Vinca and Potisje culture in the down course of the Tisa River What makes this area important is the fact that the influence of two parallel cultures flew through it at the same time The Iron Age has not been enough explored yet A few regions with some archaeological materials from the Iron Age have been found in the residential area Sumica a tip of a spear was found and near the oil factory pieces of ceramics from the Bronze Age were discovered At the beginning of the common era this area was settled by many native tribes but also by many newcomer tribes the Illyrians the Celts the Goths the Geths the Sarmatian and Jazghs In the end of the third century and in the middle of the fourth century in the area of Zrenjanin and its surroundings the Sarmatian tribe Roxolani appeared From this period a Sarmatian s graveyard has been found in a city residential district near the railroad bridge Finally in the necropolis not far from Aradac Mecka more than 120 graves which date from the end of the sixth and the beginning of the seventh century have been excavated in 1952 Postcardː Brewery Dundjerski and the banks of the river Begej in Becskerek Zrenjanin Middle Ages Edit Ottoman city of Beckerek Zrenjanin in 1697 98 including mosque with minaret that dominated the city The first historical records mentioning Zrenjanin Beckerek date from the 14th century the time when Charles I King of Hungary and Croatia 1301 1342 used to visit Banat and spend time in his capital Timișoara Near today s Zrenjanin a coin was found with the inscription Charles I Many noblemen came with the King including the powerful Imre Becsei The areas where Becsei settled down were named for him Bechereki and Beche Novi Becej The oldest written records of Beckerek date from Budim Capitulum s document of collecting the Pope s tens taxes in 1326 1331 and 1332 Judging by the size of the taxes Beckerek of 1330s was an average village The first settlers were the landless Hungarian peasants There were the Serbs in Banat too During the reign of Louis I of Hungary 1343 1382 more Serbs migrated to the area from the south and with them many Orthodox priests After the Turkish victory at the battle of Nicopolis 1396 the Hungarian King Sigismund 1387 1437 was considering defending the territory settled by the Serbs and he is known to have visited Beckerek on September 30 1398 The town was granted to Stefan Lazarevic at the end of the 1403 The despot became the vassal of the Hungarian King but he got Beckerek and the title of the Great Head of the Torontal County Ottoman period Edit Sokollu Mehmed Pasha founder of Beckerek vakuf The Hungarian King Ferdinand appointed friar Djordje Martinovic a commander of his forces to defend the town from the Ottomans Hungary was attacked by 80 000 Ottoman soldiers under the command of Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha On September 15 1551 the siege of the town Becej was raised and the town was taken after four days On September 24 the Beckerek fortress was sieged Many people left town earlier and with few defenders the town couldn t be defended and those eighty who left surrendered the next day Malkovic was appointed the lord of Beckerek After the Ottomans had taken Timișoara in 1552 Banat became a special province the Temesvar Eyalet which was made up of several sanjaks one of which was the Sanjak of Beckerek During Ottoman occupation the sanjak had a military administration Due to good behaviour of the rayah the inhabitants were exempt from war taxes During the 165 years of Ottoman rule Beckerek consisted of two separate settlements the settlement of Beckerek and the village of Gradnulica The town was divided into two parts a Turkish and a Serbian The Turkish part was fenced and closed while the Serbian one was open On the main square there was a large mosque built and inside the fortress there was a little one There was a Turkish bath and around it there were about twenty stores Gradnulica was a disorderly village whose centre was approximately on the crossroad of the present streets Sindjeliceva and Djurdjevska Prior to Ottoman occupation the citizens were Serbs and Hungarians At the end of the 18th century there were about fifty Turkish families According to the Treaty of Karlowitz 1699 the Temesvar Eyalet including Beckerek stayed under Ottoman rule while bordering territories once again came under the Military Frontier After the Austro Turkish War of 1716 18 Beckerek went under Habsburg rule Habsburg and Austrian period 1718 1914 Edit Theatre building Zrenjanin As a crown province Banat belonged directly to the Vienna court The first governor appointed by the Emperor was Count Claudius Mercy By the imperial edict on September 12 1718 Banat was divided into 13 districts with the main administration in Timișoara at its head The District of Banat included a few settlements Idjos Arac Becej Itebej Elemir Ecka and Aradac The first chief of this district was Titus Vespanius Slucki After the Turkish forces and Turks families had withdrawn the land was left devastated without labour which could till the soil and paid taxes That s why the Austrian court tried to settle Banat as soon as possible The colonization lasted from 1718 till 1724 when the town was settled mostly by Germans but the Serbs never stopped arriving The military frontier in Potisje was displaced In the following years Italians Frenchmen Romanians arrived and then the Catalans from Barcelona who escaped the repression after the War of the Spanish Succession and settled in a place which is now the suburb of Dolja within Zrenjanin The town was called New Barcelona But the life was difficult in this marsh area with many contagious diseases so many of them died and still many left National Museum of Zrenjanin In the summer of 1738 there was the great plague The Count Mersy wanted to turn marshes into fertile soil and he began to regulate the Begej River In the middle and down course of the river a long canal was built to make the river traffic possible between Beckerek and Timișoara On the first of November 1745 Sebastian Krazeisen began to make beer in the first brewery and that meant the first start of the industrialization In the same year the first Serb s school was mentioned On 6 June 1769 Maria Theresa granted the Community of Great Beckerek the privilege of becoming the trading centre By this privilege the whole social economic life of the former Beckerek was regulated and it got the status of the town In 1769 the first hospital was built In 1779 by the new organization of Torontal County Beckerek became its centre The city was briefly restored to Ottoman administration from 1787 to 1788 during Austro Turkish War 1787 91 Zrenjanin Court House In the 18th century it developed into thriving economic and cultural centre but the great fire destroyed a large portion of the town in 1807 The town was soon rebuilt The fire came from the brewery on 30 August 1807 After the fire a new regulation of streets had been done houses had been built from stronger materials roads had been rebuilt The river traffic was especially intensive The theatre building with an attractively decorated hall was built in 1839 In 1846 the Grammar School was opened and in 1847 the first printing shop The 1848 49 Revolutions had its impact on Beckerek The Serbs revolted aiming for autonomy within the Austrian Empire At the May Assembly 13 15 May 1848 the Serbian Vojvodina was proclaimed including most of what is today Vojvodina Serbs from Beckerek participated in the uprising against Hungarian authority which refused Serb rights and from 26 January to 29 April 1849 the town was under Serb rebel control In 1849 the town became part of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar until 1860 Although that time was known in history as a period of Bach s absolutism the second part of the 19th century brought the town new developing benefits New industrial facilities and handicraft stores were opened in every part of the town Late 19th and early 20th century was progressive period for Veliki Beckerek Railway arrived in 1883 while post office was opened back in 1737 World War I and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia Edit Lake former Begej riverbed in Zrenjanin After the Sarajevo assassination more than 30 citizens of Beckerek were accused by the Austria Hungary s authorities of high treason Among them was Dr Emil Gavrila who together with Svetozar Miletic and Jasa Tomic worked very hard on the cultural and social strengthening of Serbs Those Serbs recruited in the Austria Hungary s army began to desert so they would not fight their own people 7 000 of them formed volunteer detachments people were from Banat and Srem at the Eastern front and fought at Dobruja but 79 of them fought on the Salonice front too After years the Serbs forces made a breakthrough of the Salonice front in 1918 and began to liberate their own country The First Army in command of Vojvoda Petar Bojovic freed Belgrade on 1 November 1918 and began to occupy Vojvodina On 17 November Serbian army arrived at Veliki Beckerek On 31 October 1918 the Serb Chamber of People of the town founded in the war conditions as a temporary authority with Dr Slavko Zupunski at its head Serb army the infantry iron regiment Prince Mihajlo and the infantry brigade with Colonel Dragutin Ristic in command came into the town on 17 November 1918 A few days after Vojvodina had been occupied its provinces were attached to the Kingdom of Serbs and on December 1 1918 the Kingdom of Serbs Croats and Slovenes was founded as the first South Slavic state The town of Veliki Beckerek became the administrative centre of Torontal Tamis County and after its repealing the town became the headquarters of District Office In 1929 the town became part of the Danube Banovina By the Town Council decision made on 29 September 1934 and confirmed by the Town Authority on 18 February 1935 the town was renamed Petrovgrad after the king Peter I Second World War and SFR Yugoslavia Edit See also World War II in Yugoslavia City center with Bukovac s Palace 1895 in the front After the Kingdom of Yugoslavia had capitulated on 18 April 1941 and Nazi Germany occupied the country the German Forces came into Petrovgrad The authority in Banat had domestic Germans Volksdeutsche who immediately started to confiscate Jews property and arrested patriots The town was renamed Great Beckerek and it was the headquarters of the occupation authority for Banat 1941 44 headed by Juraj Spiler and a concentration camp in Cara Dusana Street The camp existed for almost two years and thousands of people passed through it In town there were many underground groups supported by the Communist Party which fought the German occupiers and the Germans made reprisals On 2 October 1944 the Red Army Forces came into town and after a short fight took command of most vital public buildings The following day the first meeting on National Liberation Committee for the town Petrovgrad was held Eight members of the national liberation resistance from the town and its surroundings were announced National Heroes Zarko Zrenjanin Svetozar Markovic Toza Pap Pavle Stevica Jovanovic Servo Mihalj Dr Bosko Vrebalov Nedeljko Barnic Zarki Bora Mikin Marko During World War II the town infrastructure was kept almost saved Except in the final fights for the town there were no war actions on the territory of the town The Germans tried to damage and destroy some industrial buildings but it was prevented Only Anau Winkler s mill and the monumental Jewish synagogue in the centre of the town were destroyed After World War II important social political changes were made in the country which of course had their influence on the development of Zrenjanin newly named in 1946 In August 1945 the Agriculture Reform Act came into force in June 1950 the Worker Self Management Act in 1959 the first direct urban plan of the town development which indicated the urbanism economic development of the town was passed The development in the first after war decade was directed by the directive plans which were based on the principles of socialist economy in which the most important industrial branches were industry and agriculture By the 1980s many people left their villages and moved into towns which brought many changes in the social educational and ethnic structure of the town There was permanently shortage of housing That is why many new parts of the town and many new apartment buildings were built Zrenjanin became an important agricultural industrial cultural and sport centre at the time Zrenjanin was one of the most powerful industrial centres of the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia led by Josip Broz Tito After 1991 Edit Main street Freedom square in the center of the city The town s development has always been strongly affected by the social economic circumstances reflecting the State surroundings that Zrenjanin found in At the beginning of 1990s when the war broke out on the territory of the former Yugoslavia and the country was falling apart it led to rather hard social and economic crisis in this area All that caused an economic stagnation unemployment large migrations of refugees from the former Yugoslav Republics Croatia Bosnia and Herzegovina The town experienced the first political changes by the introducing of multiparty system at the end of 1996 when the local government was ruled by the coalition Zajedno Together and in 2000 by the coalition Democratic opposition of Serbia On March 24 1999 the NATO bombing of Serbia began but the town was not targeted Life in the town was quite normal in spite of the dangerous situation elsewhere in the country In the first years after the end of war activities the Town and its citizens have been adjusting to new economic and social economic conditions known as transition Instead of previous large economic combines and companies plenty of new flexible private enterprises are established and foreign capital is starting to flow in Zrenjanin New industrial and work and residential zones are formed and the Town s General Plan 2006 2026 and Sustainable Development Strategy 2006 2013 are made and approved At the end of 2007 introducing a new national territorial organisation followed by necessary legislation the Municipality of Zrenjanin has been upgraded to an administrative and territorial status of a city It is near that town that the Vera Renczi the notorious Black Widow lived in her chateau of Berkerekul where out of raging jealousy she poisoned her two husbands her 10 year old son and 32 lovers starting in 1925 She placed all the corpses in zinc coffins in the chateau crypt and used to talk to them drinking champagne She was arrested in 1930 condemned to death sentence commuted to life in prison because at that time Yugoslavia did not execute women She became complete insane and died in the town asylum in 1960 Geography EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Zrenjanin is situated on the western edge of the Banat loess plateau at the place where the canalized River Begej flows into the former water course of the River Tisa The territory of the city is predominantly flat country The City of Zrenjanin is situated at a longitude of 20 23 east and a latitude of 45 23 north in the center of the Serbian part of the Banat region on the banks of the Rivers Begej and Tisa The city is located at 80 meters above sea level Zrenjanin is around 70 kilometres 43 mi away from Belgrade and about 50 kilometres 31 mi from Novi Sad which is also the distance to the present border with the European Union Romania which makes its position a particularly important transition center and potential resource in the directions north south and east west Inhabited places Edit Lake former Begej riverbed in Zrenjanin The city administrative area includes the following villages Aradac Banatski Despotovac Belo Blato Botos Centa Ecka Elemir Farkazdin Jankov Most Klek Knicanin Lazarevo Lukicevo Lukino Selo Melenci Mihajlovo Orlovat Perlez Stajicevo Taras Tomasevac Neighbourhoods in Zrenjanin Edit Bagljas Berbersko Bolnica Brigadira Ristica Downtown Cetvrti Jul Contika Dolja Dunavska Duvanika Gradnulica Lesnina Mala Amerika Muzlja a former village joined with Zrenjanin in 1981 Nova Kolonija Putnikovo Ruza Sulman Secerana Sumica Zeleno Polje Climate Edit Palace in Zupanijski Park The Koppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is Dfa Humid Continental Climate 2 The average temperature for the year in Zrenjanin is 12 1 C 53 8 F The warmest month on average is July with an average temperature of 22 9 C 73 2 F The coolest month on average is January with an average temperature of 0 7 C 33 3 F The highest recorded temperature in Zrenjanin is 42 9 C 109 2 F which was recorded in July The lowest recorded temperature in Zrenjanin is 27 3 C 17 1 F which was recorded in January The average amount of precipitation for the year in Zrenjanin is 597 1 mm 23 5 in The month with the most precipitation on average is June with 84 3 mm 3 3 in of precipitation The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 33 7 mm 1 3 in There are an average of 126 8 days of precipitation with the most precipitation occurring in May with 12 4 days and the least precipitation occurring in August with 7 5 days Climate data for Zrenjanin 1991 2020 extremes 1961 2020 Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearRecord high C F 17 7 63 9 22 5 72 5 28 6 83 5 31 4 88 5 35 2 95 4 38 0 100 4 42 9 109 2 40 4 104 7 37 7 99 9 31 9 89 4 24 9 76 8 20 5 68 9 42 9 109 2 Average high C F 3 8 38 8 6 7 44 1 12 5 54 5 18 5 65 3 23 4 74 1 26 9 80 4 29 0 84 2 29 5 85 1 24 0 75 2 18 1 64 6 11 2 52 2 4 7 40 5 17 4 63 3 Daily mean C F 0 7 33 3 2 4 36 3 7 0 44 6 12 6 54 7 17 5 63 5 21 2 70 2 22 9 73 2 22 7 72 9 17 5 63 5 12 2 54 0 7 0 44 6 1 8 35 2 12 1 53 8 Average low C F 2 3 27 9 1 3 29 7 2 2 36 0 6 8 44 2 11 5 52 7 15 1 59 2 16 4 61 5 16 3 61 3 12 1 53 8 7 5 45 5 3 6 38 5 1 0 30 2 7 2 45 0 Record low C F 27 3 17 1 27 5 17 5 17 6 0 3 6 7 19 9 0 5 31 1 2 0 35 6 5 4 41 7 5 4 41 7 3 0 26 6 8 6 16 5 13 2 8 2 23 1 9 6 27 5 17 5 Average precipitation mm inches 36 6 1 44 33 7 1 33 35 1 1 38 40 9 1 61 61 3 2 41 84 3 3 32 59 4 2 34 50 9 2 00 54 9 2 16 49 7 1 96 43 6 1 72 46 7 1 84 597 1 23 51 Average precipitation days 0 1 mm 12 2 10 7 10 3 10 6 12 4 11 8 9 4 7 5 10 1 9 2 10 3 12 3 126 8Average snowy days 6 1 5 6 2 7 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 7 4 7 21 1Average relative humidity 84 5 78 7 69 7 65 6 66 1 67 6 65 3 64 4 70 3 75 4 80 5 86 1 72 9Mean monthly sunshine hours 70 9 104 0 164 1 206 5 248 7 276 3 307 5 292 9 209 4 165 0 98 1 61 2 2 204 6Source Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia 3 4 Demographics EditSee also Serbs in Vojvodina Hungarians in Vojvodina Romani people of Vojvodina Romanians in Vojvodina Slovaks in Vojvodina and List of Hungarian communities in Vojvodina Historical populationYearPop p a 1948100 364 1953102 844 0 49 1961115 692 1 48 1971129 837 1 16 1981139 300 0 71 1991136 778 0 18 2002132 051 0 32 2011123 362 0 75 Source 5 According to the 2011 census the total population of the city of Zrenjanin was 123 362 inhabitants Ethnic groups Edit Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are Zrenjanin Banatski Despotovac Botos Elemir Ecka Klek Knicanin Lazarevo Lukicevo Melenci Orlovat Perlez Stajicevo Taras Tomasevac Farkazdin and Centa Settlements with Hungarian ethnic majority are Lukino Selo and Mihajlovo Settlement with Romanian ethnic majority is Jankov Most Ethnically mixed settlements are Aradac with relative Serb majority and Belo Blato with relative Slovak majority The ethnic composition of the city administrative area 6 Ethnic group Population Serbs 91 579 74 24 Hungarians 12 350 10 01 Roma 3 410 2 76 Romanians 2 161 1 75 Slovaks 2 062 1 67 Yugoslavs 592 0 48 Croats 527 0 43 Macedonians 412 0 33 Montenegrins 280 0 23 Bulgarians 184 0 15 Germans 139 0 11 Albanians 110 0 09 Others 9 556 7 75 Total 123 362Urbanization Edit Changing demographics of Zrenjanin proper Religion Edit This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Serbian Orthodox Uspenska Church Catholic Cathedral Zrenjanin According to the 2002 census most of the inhabitants of the Zrenjanin municipality were Orthodox Christians 77 28 Other faiths include Roman Catholic 12 01 Protestant 2 13 and other Orthodox Christians in Zrenjanin belong to the Eparchy of Banat of the Serbian Orthodox Church with seat in Vrsac Zrenjanin is also the centre of the Roman Catholic diocese of the Banat region belonging to Serbia Economy EditThe city of Zrenjanin used to be the fourth largest industry center in former Yugoslavia citation needed The economy of Zrenjanin is diverse as it has developed processing industry agriculture forestry building industry and transport As of September 2017 Zrenjanin has one of 14 free economic zones established in Serbia 7 The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity as of 2018 8 Activity TotalAgriculture forestry and fishing 736Mining and quarrying 687Manufacturing 12 688Electricity gas steam and air conditioning supply 480Water supply sewerage waste management and remediation activities 651Construction 1 096Wholesale and retail trade repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 4 907Transportation and storage 1 918Accommodation and food services 859Information and communication 464Financial and insurance activities 477Real estate activities 103Professional scientific and technical activities 1 195Administrative and support service activities 1 095Public administration and defense compulsory social security 1 781Education 2 265Human health and social work activities 2 772Arts entertainment and recreation 456Other service activities 555Individual agricultural workers 1 071Total 36 526Transportation EditThis section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed April 2020 Learn how and when to remove this template message Zrenjanin no longer has a public transport operator for the first time in its recent history following the privatization and subsequent bankruptcy of Autobanat It used to operate as the city s public transport company and as the regional public transport service to the nearby cities of Novi Sad Belgrade Kikinda Vrsac etc In the past river traffic on the Begej river used to be most developed mode of cargo transport Veliki Beckerek got a railway in 1883 when it linked the city to Velika Kikinda There are many taxi companies in Zrenjanin and the regulations are either lacking or are not enforced by the authorities citation needed Culture EditMain sights Edit Central square and Zrenjanin s Roman Catholic cathedral City Hall built in 1816 re constructed in 1887 neobaroque Gyula Partos and Odon Lechner Finance palace today National museum built in 1894 in Neorenaissance style by Istvan Kiss Zrenjanin Theatre built in 1839 classicism the oldest theatre building in Serbia Zrenjanin Court House built between 1906 and 1908 romanticism Sandor Eigner and Marcus Rehmer Uspenska Serbian Orthodox church built in 1746 baroque the oldest church in the city Vavedenska church built in 1777 in Baroque style Slovak evangelic church built in 1837 classicism Zrenjanin Cathedral built between 1864 and 1868 romanesque Franz Xaver Brandeisz Zrenjanin Protestant church built in 1891 neogothic Ferenc Zaboretzky Zrenjanin Synagogue built in 1896 Moorish Revival Lipot Baumhorn demolished in 1941 by Nazis Bukovac palace built in 1895 neorenaissance Old Vojvodina hotel built in 1886 neorenaissance Ferenc Pelzl Zrenjanin Grammar School building built in 1846 re constructed in 1937 and later Small bridge built in 1904 the oldest bridge in the city Trade academy built in 1892 neorenaissance Istvan Kiss Bence House built in 1909 secession Dry Bridge built in 1962 without river since 1985 Eiffel Bridge built in 1904 replaced by a new bridge in 1969 Dunđerski palace built in 1910 secession House of Soko built in 1927 academism Dragisa Brasovan In popular culture Edit Zrenjanin under the name of Petrovgrad is mentioned in the novel Waiting for Robert Capa of Spanish author Susana Fortes Jewish protagonist s brothers who are running from persecution are settling in Serbian village Petrovgrad just on Romanian border because there was never tradition of antisemitism in the village 9 Tourism Edit Architecture in Zrenjanin Zrenjanin has many places of interest like City Hall the cathedral Freedom Square King Aleksandar I Street etc There is a Tourist Information Office in the building of National Museum Suboticeva 1 10 Sports Edit Crystal Hall is an indoor basketball and handball arena that was the home venue of the 2013 World Women s Handball Championship Zrenjanin has a long sports tradition 11 First clubs were established during the 1880s It was the home town of Proleter football club from 1947 until 2005 As of 2021 FK Radnicki Zrenjanin plays in Serbian League Vojvodina division which is the third level football league in Serbia The city was designated European city of sport in 2021 12 Notable residents Edit Olympic and World champion Nikola Grbic Dezso Antalffy Zsiross Hungarian organist and composer Tibor Varady lawyer member of SANU and former Minister of Justice of FR Yugoslavia 1992 Janos Bartl magician Nenad Bjekovic former Serbian football player Dejan Bodiroga Serbian basketball player Olympic silver medalist World and European champion Ivan Boldirev ice hockey player Jovana Brakocevic Serbian volleyball player Olympic silver medalist and European champion Branimir Brstina Serbian actor Zarko Cabarkapa Serbian basketball player World champion Konstantin Danil Serbian painter Zeljko Đurđic Serbian handball player Dejan Govedarica Serbian football player Nikola Grbic born in Zrenjanin lived in Klek Olympic and European champion Vladimir Grbic born in Zrenjanin lived in Klek Olympic and European champion Ivan Ivanji Novelist Vladimir Ivic Serbian football player Đura Jaksic Serbian painter studying painting as a student of Danil Todor Kuljic sociologist Vilmos Lazar Hungarian general Ivan Lenđer Serbian swimmer World and European junior champion Mile Lojpur first Serbian and Yugoslav rocker Zeljko Lucic operatic baritone Todor Manojlovic writer literary and art critic Aleksandar Markovski Serbian football player Brizitka Molnar Serbian volleyball player European champion Maja Ognjenovic Serbian volleyball player Olympic silver medalist and European champion Joe Penner Jozsef Pinter American radio and film comedian 13 Snezana Pantic Serbian professional karate competitor World champion Nebojsa Popov sociologist member of the Praxis School Marianna Schmidt Hungarian Canadian printmaker and painter 14 Milorad Stanulov Serbian rower two time Olympic medalist Mario Szenessy Hungarian German author Ugljesa Sajtinac Serbian writer Nada Sargin Serbian actress Ivana Spanovic Serbian long jumper Olympic bronze medalist and European champion Dusko Tosic Serbian football player Zoran Tosic Serbian football player Zvonimir Vujin Serbian boxer two time Olympic medalist Zvonimir Vukic Serbian football player Jelena Zivkovic Serbian handball player World Championship silver medalist Rudolf Wegscheider Austrian chemist Kija Kockar SingerInternational relations EditSee also List of twin towns and sister cities in Serbia Twin towns sister cities Edit Zrenjanin is twinned with Bekescsaba Hungary Arad Romania Timișoara Romania Laktasi Bosnia and Herzegovina Trebinje Bosnia and Herzegovina Bijeljina Bosnia and HerzegovinaSee also EditList of places in Serbia Central Banat District Banat Zrenjanin AirportReferences Edit 2011 Census of Population Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948 1953 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002 and 2011 Data by settlements PDF Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia Belgrade 2014 ISBN 978 86 6161 109 4 Retrieved 2014 06 27 Climate Summary Monthly and annual means maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1991 2020 in Serbian Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Archived from the original on 15 April 2022 Retrieved 15 April 2022 Monthly and annual means maximum and minimum values of meteorological elements for the period 1981 2010 in Serbian Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia Archived from the original on 20 July 2021 Retrieved February 25 2017 2011 Census of Population Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia PDF stat gov rs Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia Retrieved 19 March 2017 Popis stanovnishtva domaћinstava i stanova 2011 u Republici Srbiјi PDF stat gov rs Republicki zavod za statistiku Retrieved 10 April 2019 Mikavica A 3 September 2017 Slobodne zone mamac za investitore politika rs in Serbian Retrieved 17 March 2019 MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA 2019 PDF stat gov rs Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia 25 December 2019 Retrieved 28 December 2019 Fortes Susana 2012 Cekajuci Roberta Capu in Croatian Zapresic Croatia Fraktura p 52 ISBN 978 953 266 379 2 Tourism Information Office http www zrenjanin rs en visit zrenjanin tourist information center BOGATSTVO I TRADICIJA SPORTA Predsednik Olimpijskog komiteta Bozidar Maljkovic u Zrenjaninu a href wiki Template Cite web title Template Cite web cite web a CS1 maint url status link European Cities of Sport Aces Europe Retrieved 2021 01 17 Joe Penner biography in Hungarian Laurence Robin Marianna Schmidt Untitled Three Figures PDF Surrey Art Gallery Surrey Art Gallery Surrey B C ISBN 978 1 926573 06 9 Retrieved 7 March 2015 BibliographyMilan Tutorov Banatska rapsodija istorika Zrenjanina i Banata Novi Sad 2001 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Zrenjanin Official website Tourist organization of Zrenjanin in Serbian Zrenjanin online camera Retrieved from https en wikipedia org 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