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Wikipedia

For other uses, see Zug (disambiguation).

Zug (German: Zug (); French: Zoug; Italian: Zugo; Romansh: Zug; New Latin: Tugium) is the largest town and capital of the Swiss canton of Zug in Switzerland. Its name originates from the fishing vocabulary; in the Middle Ages it referred to the right to pull up fishing nets and hence to the right to fish.

Zug
View over Lake Zug with the old town of Zug and the Zytturm
Location of Zug
Zug
Show map of Switzerland
Zug
Show map of Canton of Zug
Coordinates:47°10′05″N08°31′01″E /47.16806°N 8.51694°E /47.16806; 8.51694Coordinates: 47°10′05″N08°31′01″E /47.16806°N 8.51694°E /47.16806; 8.51694
CountrySwitzerland
CantonZug
Districtn.a.
Government
ExecutiveStadtrat
with 5 members
MayorStadtpräsident (list)
Karl Kobelt FDP/PRD
(as of 2018)
ParliamentGrosser Gemeinderat
with 40 members , instaured 1963)
Area
• Total21.61 km2 (8.34 sq mi)
Elevation
(Landsgemeindeplatz)
425 m (1,394 ft)
Highest elevation
(Zugerberg)
1,039 m (3,409 ft)
Lowest elevation
(Sumpf (Dorfbach))
415 m (1,362 ft)
Population
(2018-12-31)
• Total30,542
• Density1,400/km2 (3,700/sq mi)
Demonym(s)German: Zuger/Zugerin
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (Central European Time)
• Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (Central European Summer Time)
Postal code(s)
6300
SFOS number1711
Surrounded byCham, Baar, Walchwil, Steinhausen
Twin townsFürstenfeld (Austria)
Websitewww.stadtzug.ch
SFSO statistics

The municipality had a total population of 30,934 in 31 December 2020. The official language of Zug is the Swiss variety of Standard German, but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect.

Contents

View of Zug before 1547
Unterstadt (lower town) as seen from Lake Zug harbour
Oberstadt (upper town) in the Altstadt

Prehistory

The oldest evidence of humans in the area trace back to 14,000 BC. There have been Paleolithic finds on the north bank of Lake Zug, which come from nomadic hunters and gatherers. Archaeologists have also found over forty lake-shore settlements, known as pile dwellings, on the shores of Lake Zug from the epoch of the first settled farmers in the Neolithic period (5,500-2,200 BC). The peak in these lake-shore village settlements was between 3800 and 2450 BC. For the same epoch, the first pre-alpine land use has been found in Menzingen and in the Ägeri valley. The well-known, historically-researched lake-shore village 'Sumpf' (the swamp), dated from the late Bronze Age (up until 850 BC). Evidence from these finds resulted in a quite different picture of life in former times, which is on display at the Zug Museum for Prehistory. In addition, finds from the Iron Age (850-50 BC) and the Roman and Celtic-Roman time (from 50 BC) have been unearthed.

Kyburg foundation

In around AD 600, Alemannic families and tribes immigrated to the area of present-day canton Zug. The name Blickensdorf, and place names with ‘- ikon’ endings, prove this as the first Alemannic living space.[why?] The churches of Baar and Risch also date back to the early Middle Ages. The first written document on the area originates from the year 858, and refers to King Ludwig the German giving the farm Chama (Cham) to the Zürich Fraumünster convent. At this time, the area of present-day Zug belonged to completely different monastic and secular landlords, the most important of whom were the Habsburgs, and who, in 1264, inherited the Kyburg rights and remained a central political power until about 1400.

In the course of the high medieval town construction, the settlement of Zug also received a town wall at some point after 1200. The town founders were probably the counts of Kyburg. The town, first mentioned in AD 1240, was called an "oppidum" in 1242 and a "castrum" in 1255. In 1273, it was bought by Rudolph of Habsburg from Anna, the heiress of Kyburg and wife of Eberhard, head of the cadet line of Habsburg. Through this purchase it passed into the control of the Habsburgs and was placed under a Habsburg bailiff. The Aeusser Amt or Outer District consisted of the villages and towns surrounding Zug, which each had their own Landsgemeinden but were ruled by a single Habsburg bailiff. Zug was important as an administrative center of the Kyburg and the Habsburg district, then as a local market place, and, thereafter, as a stage town for the transport of goods (particularly salt and iron) over the Hirzel hill towards Lucerne.

Joining the Swiss Confederation

On 27 June 1352, both the town of Zug and the Aeusser Amt entered the Swiss Confederation, the latter being received on exactly the same terms as the town, and not, as was usual in the case of outer districts, as a subject land. However, in September 1352 Zug had to acknowledge its own lords again, and in 1355 was obliged to break off its connection with the league. About 1364, the town and the Aeusser Amt were recovered for the league by the men of Schwyz, and from this time Zug took part as a full member in all the acts of the league. In 1379, the Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus exempted Zug from all external jurisdictions, and in 1389 the Habsburgs renounced their claims, reserving only an annual payment of 20 silver marks, which came to an end in 1415. In 1400 Wenceslaus gave all criminal jurisdiction to the town only. The Aeusser Amt, in 1404, then claimed that the banner and seal of Zug should be kept in one of the country districts and were supported in this claim by Schwyz. The matter was finally settled in 1412 by arbitration, and the banner was to be kept in the town. Finally in 1415, the right of electing their landammann was given to Zug by the Confederation, and a share in the criminal jurisdiction was granted to the Aeusser Amt by German king Sigismund.

The alliance of the four forest cantons of Uri, Schwyz, Unterwalden and Lucerne with the city of Zürich in 1351 set much in motion. The town of Zug was seen as having Habsburg ties with the cities of Zürich and Lucerne, and therefore had to be conquered. It is likely that this was more for political than economic reasons: the Lucerne market was very important for central Switzerland, but also strongly dependent on the city of Zürich. Zürich initiated a siege on Zug with the federal army in June 1352. Zug surrendered. On 27 June 1352 Zürich, Luzern, Zug, Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden formed an alliance. Zürich's saw this ‘Zugerbund’ (Zug alliance) as an alliance of convenience. For the town of Zug, little changed, and Zug remained Habsburg. That same year, the Zug alliance was declared invalid by all parties. A period of Schwyz domination then followed. Only gradually did Zug become sovereign and federal.

Simultaneously, Zug expanded its territory, acquiring a number of rural areas in the form of bailiwicks (Walchwil, Cham, Gangolfswil [Risch] Hünenberg and Steinhausen, and Oberrüti, now part of the canton of Aargau). Zug became a confederation in itself - with the town and its subject territories, and the three outer (‘free’) municipalities, Ägeri, Menzingen (with Neuheim) and Baar. This problematic dualism dominated until 1798, i.e. until the end of the old confederation, the political structure of the Canton Zug. The unifying element of this miniature confederation was, among others, the rural municipalities and the forty-member city council.

Growth of the town

In 1385, Zug joined the league of the Swabian cities against Leopold III of Austria and shared in the victory of Sempach, as well as in the various Argovian (1415) and Thurgovian (1460) conquests of the Confederates, and later in those of Italy (1512), having already taken part in the occupation of the Val d'Ossola. Between 1379 (Walchwil) and 1477 (Cham), Zug had acquired various districts in its own neighborhood, principally to the north and the west, which were ruled till 1798 by the town alone as subject lands.

In 1478, the building of a larger town wall began, which increased the town area six-fold - the same year as the building of the late gothic St. Oswald Church began. The building master of the new town wall was Hans Felder from Bavarian Swabia. The ground plan of the town wall is indicative of an ideal symmetric plan of the Renaissance period – something very rare at that time. The overall urban planning implemented in the small town of Zug was modern for its time.

The Reformation and early modern era

During the turmoil of the Reformation, Zug remained on the Catholic side of central Switzerland and retained the old faith. Warring religious confederates fought at Kappel am Albis (1531) and at Gubel in Menzingen. Its location on the edge of central Switzerland made Zug a confessional border town. During the Reformation, Zug clung to the old faith and was a member of the Christliche Vereinigung of 1529. In 1586, it became a member of the Golden League.

The period up until 1798 was marked by internal political rivalries and turbulence. The invasion of the French troops marked the end of the old order, and with the Helvetic order came a radical political change. Zug became part of the canton Waldstätten, and the cantonal capital for a short time. After a 50-year struggle between federalism and centralism, between confederation and central state, between conservative and liberal-radical vision, in 1848, today's federal government of Switzerland emerged. Zug was given its current cantonal structure, consisting of eleven local municipalities.

Industrialization and internationalization

Aerial view by Walter Mittelholzer (1919)

Until well into the 19th century, Zug consisted of agricultural land. Actual industrialization began with the entrepreneur Wolfgang Henggeler, who in 1834 built a cotton mill in Unterägeri. This was followed by the two companies in Neuägeri and Baar. In 1866, the American George Ham Page founded the first European condensed milk factory in Cham, which later merged with Nestlé. Industry in Zug was dominated by the company Landis+Gyr, founded in 1896, and now owned by Toshiba. The connection to the Swiss railway network in 1864 was important, as was the connection of mountain and valley with an electric tram at the beginning of the 20th century.

In the second half of the century, dynamic expansion took place and Zug became a national and international financial and trading center, aided by its proximity to Zürich, and by an attractive tax policy. In parallel, large industrial and commercial zones evolved; employment increased rapidly; the population rose sharply, and the building boom skyrocketed. Canton Zug catapulted itself into being at the top of the financially strong cantons. And the town today has become, as the British Guardian once wrote, ‘a compass of the global economy’.

Today

Zug is a low tax region and is headquarters for a number of multinational enterprises. The Expat City Ranking in 2019, based on a study of more than 20,000 respondents, rated the quality of life in Zug highest among all cities in the survey. The town's best-known agricultural product is Kirsch.

On 27 September 2001, an angry, unstable gunman, Friedrich Leibacher, shot and killed 15 people including himself in the cantonal parliament of Zug. The event became known as the Zug Massacre.

Night view of Zug and its lake

Topography

Aerial view of Zug

Zug has an area (as of the 2004 survey) of 21.63 km2 (8.35 sq mi). Of this area, about 33.1% is used for agricultural purposes, while 37.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 26.6% is settled (buildings or roads) and 2.5% is unproductive land. In the 2004 survey a total of 353 ha (870 acres) or about 16.3% of the total area was covered with buildings, an increase of 60 ha (150 acres) over the 1982 amount. Over the same time period, the amount of recreational space in the municipality increased by 8 ha (20 acres) and is now about 2.53% of the total area. Of the agricultural land, 54 ha (130 acres) is used for orchards and vineyards, 651 ha (1,610 acres) is fields and grasslands and 39 ha (96 acres) consists of alpine grazing areas. Since 1982 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 74 ha (180 acres). Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 2 ha (4.9 acres). Rivers and lakes cover 20 ha (49 acres) in the municipality.

Climate

Climate data for Zug
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5
(41)
5
(41)
10
(50)
14
(57)
17
(63)
20
(68)
23
(73)
23
(73)
19
(66)
16
(61)
10
(50)
5
(41)
14
(57)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−2
(28)
0
(32)
3
(37)
6
(43)
9
(48)
12
(54)
12
(54)
9
(48)
6
(43)
2
(36)
−1
(30)
5
(40)
Average precipitation days(≥ 1.0 mm) 12.3 11.5 13 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.5 10.1 9.4 9.6 11.5 13.1 135.9
Average snowy days(≥ 1.0 cm) 4.1 4.2 1 0.7 0.1 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.7 3.9 15.8
Source: Meteoblue

See also climate of Lucerne and Zürich.

Weather

Zug has an average of 136.1 days of rain per year and on average receives 1,224 mm (48.2 in) of precipitation. It has an average of 5.5 days per year with visibility reduced to less than 1 km, the international definition of fog. The wettest month is August during which time Zug receives an average of 158 mm (6.2 in) of precipitation. During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12.7 days. The month with the most days of precipitation is June, with an average of 13.7, but with only 156 mm (6.1 in) of precipitation. The driest month of the year is January with an average of 67 mm (2.6 in) of precipitation over 12.7 days.

Government

The City Council (Stadtrat) constitutes the executive government of the Town of Zug and operates as a collegiate authority. It is composed of five councillors (German: Stadtrat/-rätin), each presiding over a department (Departement) comprising several bureaus. The president of the executive department acts as mayor (Stadtpräsident). In the mandate period 2015–2018 (Legislatur) the City Council is presided by Stadtpräsident Karl Kobelt. Departmental tasks, coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Grand Municipal Council are carried by the City Council. The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years. The current mandate period (Legislatur) is from 2019 to 2022. Any resident of Zug allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council. The delegates are selected by means of a system of Majorz (since 2014). The mayor is elected as such as well by public election while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate. The executive body holds its meetings in the Stadthaus (Town Hall) on Kolinplatz.

As of October 2018[update], Zug's City Council is made up of two of FDP (FDP.The Liberals, of whom one is also the mayor), and one each of CVP (Christian Democratic Party), CSP (Christian Social Party), and SVP (Swiss People's Party). The last regular election was held on 7 October 2018.

The City Council (Stadtrat) of Zug
City Councilor
(Stadtrat/-rätin)
Party Head of Department (Vorsteher, since) of elected since
Karl Kobelt FDP Mayor's Office (Präsidialdepartement, 2019) 2013
André Wicky SVP Finance (Finanzdepartement, 2019) 2013
Vroni Straub-Müller CSP Education (Bildungsdepartement, 2011) 2010
Eliane Birchmeier FDP Engineering (Baudepertement, 2019) 2018
Urs Raschle CVP Social Welfare, Environment, and Security (Departement Soziales, Umwelt und Sicherheit (SUS), 2015) 2014
  1. Mayor (Stadtpräsident)
  2. Vice-Mayor (Vizepräsidentin)

Martin Würmli is Town Chronicler (Stadtschreiber) since 2014 and presides the Town Office (Stadtkanzlei). He has been elected by the collegiate.

Parliament

Federal elections

National Council

In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 25.4% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (22.5%), the FDP (19.5%) and the SP (17.2%). In the federal election, a total of 9,438 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 55.4%. The 2015 election saw a large change in the voting when compared to 2011. The percentage of the vote received by the SP increased sharply from 6.4% in 2011 to 17.2% in 2015, while the percentage that the GPS received dropped from 21.3% to 9.5%.

After World War II, Zug helped the town of Fürstenfeld, Styria in Austria. In 1986 they decided to become sister cities.

Landsgemeindeplatz

Zug has a population (as of 31 December 2020) of 30,934. As of 2014[update], 31.7% of which are foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 11.4%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (81.8%), with Italian being second most common (3.8%) and Serbo-Croatian being third (3.2%).

In Zug about 76% of the population (between age 25–64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).

Zug has an unemployment rate of 2.28%. As of 2005[update], there were 172 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 51 businesses involved in this sector. 5,821 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 269 businesses in this sector. 21,445 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 3,205 businesses in this sector.

Zug is known as a hockey town in Switzerland. The town's main team is EV Zug, which plays in the National League (NL). They play their home games in the 7,200-seat Bossard Arena. Their affiliate team, the EV Zug Academy, competes in the Swiss League (SL) and their home games are either held in the 7,200-seat Bossard Arena or in the 1,500-seat Academy Arena. EV Zug II plays in the Second Regio League, the fifth highest league in Switzerland. Their home games are held in the Academy Arena. HC Zugerland plays in the Third Regio League, the sixth highest league in Switzerland. The team plays its home games in the Bossard Arena. Zug also has numerous junior teams that compete in the different junior leagues of Switzerland.

There are also an amateur association football team, Zug 94, which was formed in 1994 and two amateur Rugby Teams, the Rugby Club Zug, which has a junior team, The Saints Rugby School and the Rugby Bombers Zug, which was founded by former members of the Rugby Club Zug. Additionally there is an amateur floorball team, Zug United. Zug has a rowing club See-Club Zug, which is repeatedly the highest ranked rowing club in Switzerland.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it.(December 2015)

As of 2012[update], there were a total of 40,166 people employed in the municipality. Of these, a total of 142 people worked in 42 businesses in the primary economic sector. The secondary sector employed 5,939 workers in 351 separate businesses. Finally, the tertiary sector provided 34,085 jobs in 6,592 businesses. In 2013 a total of 15.3% of the population received social assistance.

Since 2016, Zug has accepted digital currency, first for small payments of municipal fees up to CH200. To reduce risk, Zug immediately converts any cryptocurrency received into Swiss francs. This is part of a strategy to associate Zug with new technologies.

Crypto Valley Summit 2019

Zug is a popular location for incorporation of companies, such as Siemens Building Technologies, and Nord Stream AG. Zug has also been referred to as Crypto Valley because of the large number of companies engaged in cryptocurrency in the city. These include Ethereum, Cardano, Polkadot and Bitcoin Suisse. By 2018, a Crypto Valley Association had been formed, with Oliver Bussmann as its president.

Library of the Zug Parish Church
Kunsthaus or Art Museum
Zug Castle, now a museum

Situation

The lake shore has been embanked and forms a promenade, from which views of the Rigi and Pilatus, as well as of the snowy peaks of the Bernese Oberland, are gained. Towards its northerly end, a monument marks the spot where a part of the shore slipped into the lake in 1887.

The older part of the town is rather crowded together, though only four of the wall towers and a small part of the town walls still survive.

The most striking old building in the town is the parish church of St Oswald (late 15th century), dedicated to St Oswald, king of Northumbria (d. 642), one of whose arms was brought to Zug in 1485. The town hall, also a 15th-century building, now houses the Historical and Antiquarian Museum. There are some quaint old painted houses close by. A little way higher up the hillside is a Capuchin convent in a striking position, close to the town wall and leaning against it. Still higher, and outside the old town, is the fine new parish church of St Michael, consecrated in 1902.

The business quarter is on the rising ground north of the old town, near the railway station. Several fine modern buildings rise on or close to the shore in the town and to its south, whilst to the southwest is a convent of Capuchin nuns, who manage a large girls' school and several other educational establishments.

The Museum of Prehistory Zug houses an important collection of archaeological remains, especially from the late Bronze Age (urnfield culture) settlement of Zug-Sumpf. Many of Catharine II of Russia's relatives descended from Zug and became known as the Volga Germans.

Museums

There are three museums in the town: the Museum of Prehistory, which displays archaeological finds from Canton Zug; the castle houses the Museum of Cultural History of the town and Canton Zug, and the Zug Art Gallery attracts visitors with its exhibitions. Several municipalities also have their own local museum. The Casino Theatre in Zug and the Zug Burgbachkeller, along with the Chollerhalle cultural center, are the most famous establishments. The event centers in Baar, Cham and Rotkreuz and the Zug youth scene (Galvanik, Podium Industrie 45) enrich the range of cultural events.

Zug is surrounded with mountains, rivers and lakes including the mountains Zugerberg and the Walchwilerberg Oberallmig, the Höhronen and the river Sihl. The Choller nature reserve is also near Lake Zug.

Sights within the town include the late Gothic church of St. Wolfgang, near Hühnenberg, or St. Oswald in Zug, the old town of Zug with the Town Hall and the Zytturm (clock tower), the Huwiler Tower, the Zurlaubenhof, feudal estate of the family Zurlauben, on the outskirts of the town.

Zug's culture also includes the famous Zuger cherry liqueur cake. Local specialties, in addition to the cherry and the cherry liqueur cake, include the Zug ‘Rötel’, a fine lake charfish, found on many menus.

The IG Culture Zug society, an umbrella organization of museums, theaters, orchestras and other cultural organizations, was founded in Zug in 1995. The society publishes calendars and a magazine of cultural events in the canton. In 2019 it had 167 members.

Heritage sites

There are a number of Swiss heritage sites of national significance in Zug. These include two libraries, the Library of the former Capuchin monastery and the library of the parish church of St. Michael. One archeological site, the Sumpf a late Bronze Age lake shore settlement, is included, as are three museums; the Burg (Castle museum), Kunsthaus (Art museum) and Museum für Urgeschichte (Museum for ancient history). There are three archives that are included in the list; Bürgerarchiv Zug (Citizen's archive of Zug), Staatsarchiv Zug (State/Canton of Zug archive) and the Unternehmensarchiv der Landis & Gyr AG (Landis & Gyr AG company archives). The rest of the sites are the Catholic Church of St. Oswald with Charnel house, the Seminary of St. Michael, the town walls and several buildings in the old town of Zug.

The prehistoric settlements at Oterswil/Insel Eielen, Riedmatt and Sumpf are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The Zug education system is based on equal abilities and includes compulsory primary and secondary school, with optional secondary education and vocational training. Two thirds of young people go into vocational education, connected to an apprenticeship, joining the professional world after the 9th grade of secondary school. The international business community of Zug offers many and varied apprenticeships along with the Zug technical and industrial college, GIBZ, and the business college, KBZ, provide the academic knowledge and skills.

Zug has a long tradition of education. Private schools, like the Montana Institute Zug, on Zugerberg, International School of Zug or Lucerne (ISZL), or the Dr. Pfister Institute AG, Oberägeri supplement the range available. In addition, there are the three former non-state teacher training colleges in Menzingen, Holy Cross in Cham and St. Michael in Zug.

Tertiary education

Canton Zug has two high schools: the Canton High School in the town of Zug, and the Cantonal School in Menzingen. Also at higher secondary level, is the Vocational School Zug and the Business Studies School, incorporated within the Canton School. Zug is one of the university cantons, with, on the one hand, the University of Teacher Training, PHZ Zug, on the other, a polytechnic for financial services.

There are also six technical colleges (for business, computer science, engineering design, naturopathy and homeopathy, child education, and rescue services).

International Schools

The range of educational institutions is a key factor for location in the globalized world of competition, especially for foreign employees, the so-called ‘Expats’. The four international schools have been developed accordingly, and report a high student intake.

The railway station
MS Zug

Zug acts as an important transportation node.

An extensive bus network within the town and canton is provided by ZVB Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe.

The Swiss Federal Railways link at Zug railway station for Cham - Horgen - Zürich, Steinhausen - Affoltern am Albis, Arth-Goldau - St. Gotthard - Ticino and Italy, and Rotkreuz - Luzern. Zug is the hub of the Zug Stadtbahn (an S-Bahn-style commuter rail network). The network consisted of the following lines:

Zug is also at the end of Zürich S-Bahn suburban railway network, on lines S5 and S24.

The Zugerbergbahn is a funicular linking the Zug suburb of Schönegg (558 m) with the Vordergeissboden (literally: anterior goat terrain, 925 m), the plateau of the Zugerberg overlooking the town and Lake Zug.

The A4 motorway and other main roads connect Zug with the rest of the nation.

Water transportation on Lake Zug is centred on the town, with public transport on the lake provided by (Motor Ship) MS Zug, MS Schwyz, MS Rigi and MS Schwan. These vessels belong to the Zugersee Schifffahrt, a partner of the local public transport executive, ZVB Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe.

Simonetta Sommaruga, 2011
Georges Stuber, 1954
Sport

Notes

  1. named in the 16th century

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  27. Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps". UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
  28. "Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe". Zug Town. Retrieved26 December 2015.
  29. "Schauspieler Walo Lüönd gestorben". Luzerner Zeitung.

Media related to Zug at Wikimedia Commons

Zug Article Talk Language Watch Edit For other uses see Zug disambiguation Zug German Zug tsuːɡ listen French Zoug Italian Zugo Romansh Zug New Latin Tugium Note 1 is the largest town and capital of the Swiss canton of Zug in Switzerland Its name originates from the fishing vocabulary in the Middle Ages it referred to the right to pull up fishing nets and hence to the right to fish ZugMunicipality in SwitzerlandView over Lake Zug with the old town of Zug and the ZytturmFlagCoat of armsLocation of ZugZugShow map of SwitzerlandZugShow map of Canton of ZugCoordinates 47 10 05 N 08 31 01 E 47 16806 N 8 51694 E 47 16806 8 51694 Coordinates 47 10 05 N 08 31 01 E 47 16806 N 8 51694 E 47 16806 8 51694CountrySwitzerlandCantonZugDistrictn a Government ExecutiveStadtrat with 5 members MayorStadtprasident list Karl Kobelt FDP PRD as of 2018 ParliamentGrosser Gemeinderat with 40 members instaured 1963 Area 1 Total21 61 km2 8 34 sq mi Elevation Landsgemeindeplatz 425 m 1 394 ft Highest elevation Zugerberg 1 039 m 3 409 ft Lowest elevation Sumpf Dorfbach 415 m 1 362 ft Population 2018 12 31 2 Total30 542 Density1 400 km2 3 700 sq mi Demonym s German Zuger ZugerinTime zoneUTC 01 00 Central European Time Summer DST UTC 02 00 Central European Summer Time Postal code s 6300SFOS number1711Surrounded byCham Baar Walchwil SteinhausenTwin townsFurstenfeld Austria Websitewww wbr stadtzug wbr ch SFSO statistics The municipality had a total population of 30 934 in 31 December 2020 3 The official language of Zug is the Swiss variety of Standard German but the main spoken language is the local variant of the Alemannic Swiss German dialect Contents 1 History 1 1 Prehistory 1 2 Kyburg foundation 1 3 Joining the Swiss Confederation 1 4 Growth of the town 1 5 The Reformation and early modern era 1 6 Industrialization and internationalization 1 7 Today 2 Geography 2 1 Topography 2 2 Climate 2 3 Weather 3 Politics 3 1 Government 3 2 Parliament 3 3 Federal elections 3 3 1 National Council 4 International relations 5 Demographics 6 Sport 7 Economy 8 Culture 8 1 Situation 8 2 Museums 8 3 Heritage sites 9 Education 9 1 Tertiary education 9 2 International Schools 10 Transportation 11 Notable people 12 Notes and references 12 1 Notes 12 2 References 13 External linksHistory Edit View of Zug before 1547 Unterstadt lower town as seen from Lake Zug harbour Oberstadt upper town in the Altstadt Prehistory Edit The oldest evidence of humans in the area trace back to 14 000 BC There have been Paleolithic finds on the north bank of Lake Zug which come from nomadic hunters and gatherers Archaeologists have also found over forty lake shore settlements known as pile dwellings on the shores of Lake Zug from the epoch of the first settled farmers in the Neolithic period 5 500 2 200 BC The peak in these lake shore village settlements was between 3800 and 2450 BC For the same epoch the first pre alpine land use has been found in Menzingen and in the Ageri valley The well known historically researched lake shore village Sumpf the swamp dated from the late Bronze Age up until 850 BC Evidence from these finds resulted in a quite different picture of life in former times which is on display at the Zug Museum for Prehistory In addition finds from the Iron Age 850 50 BC and the Roman and Celtic Roman time from 50 BC have been unearthed Kyburg foundation Edit In around AD 600 Alemannic families and tribes immigrated to the area of present day canton Zug The name Blickensdorf and place names with ikon endings prove this as the first Alemannic living space why The churches of Baar and Risch also date back to the early Middle Ages The first written document on the area originates from the year 858 and refers to King Ludwig the German giving the farm Chama Cham to the Zurich Fraumunster convent At this time the area of present day Zug belonged to completely different monastic and secular landlords the most important of whom were the Habsburgs and who in 1264 inherited the Kyburg rights and remained a central political power until about 1400 In the course of the high medieval town construction the settlement of Zug also received a town wall at some point after 1200 The town founders were probably the counts of Kyburg The town first mentioned in AD 1240 was called an oppidum in 1242 and a castrum in 1255 In 1273 it was bought by Rudolph of Habsburg from Anna the heiress of Kyburg and wife of Eberhard head of the cadet line of Habsburg 4 Through this purchase it passed into the control of the Habsburgs and was placed under a Habsburg bailiff The Aeusser Amt or Outer District consisted of the villages and towns surrounding Zug which each had their own Landsgemeinden but were ruled by a single Habsburg bailiff Zug was important as an administrative center of the Kyburg and the Habsburg district then as a local market place and thereafter as a stage town for the transport of goods particularly salt and iron over the Hirzel hill towards Lucerne Joining the Swiss Confederation Edit On 27 June 1352 both the town of Zug and the Aeusser Amt entered the Swiss Confederation the latter being received on exactly the same terms as the town and not as was usual in the case of outer districts as a subject land However in September 1352 Zug had to acknowledge its own lords again and in 1355 was obliged to break off its connection with the league About 1364 the town and the Aeusser Amt were recovered for the league by the men of Schwyz and from this time Zug took part as a full member in all the acts of the league In 1379 the Holy Roman Emperor Wenceslaus exempted Zug from all external jurisdictions and in 1389 the Habsburgs renounced their claims reserving only an annual payment of 20 silver marks which came to an end in 1415 In 1400 Wenceslaus gave all criminal jurisdiction to the town only The Aeusser Amt in 1404 then claimed that the banner and seal of Zug should be kept in one of the country districts and were supported in this claim by Schwyz The matter was finally settled in 1412 by arbitration and the banner was to be kept in the town Finally in 1415 the right of electing their landammann was given to Zug by the Confederation and a share in the criminal jurisdiction was granted to the Aeusser Amt by German king Sigismund 4 The alliance of the four forest cantons of Uri Schwyz Unterwalden and Lucerne with the city of Zurich in 1351 set much in motion The town of Zug was seen as having Habsburg ties with the cities of Zurich and Lucerne and therefore had to be conquered It is likely that this was more for political than economic reasons the Lucerne market was very important for central Switzerland but also strongly dependent on the city of Zurich Zurich initiated a siege on Zug with the federal army in June 1352 Zug surrendered On 27 June 1352 Zurich Luzern Zug Uri Schwyz and Unterwalden formed an alliance Zurich s saw this Zugerbund Zug alliance as an alliance of convenience For the town of Zug little changed and Zug remained Habsburg That same year the Zug alliance was declared invalid by all parties A period of Schwyz domination then followed Only gradually did Zug become sovereign and federal Simultaneously Zug expanded its territory acquiring a number of rural areas in the form of bailiwicks Walchwil Cham Gangolfswil Risch Hunenberg and Steinhausen and Oberruti now part of the canton of Aargau Zug became a confederation in itself with the town and its subject territories and the three outer free municipalities Ageri Menzingen with Neuheim and Baar This problematic dualism dominated until 1798 i e until the end of the old confederation the political structure of the Canton Zug The unifying element of this miniature confederation was among others the rural municipalities and the forty member city council Growth of the town Edit In 1385 Zug joined the league of the Swabian cities against Leopold III of Austria and shared in the victory of Sempach as well as in the various Argovian 1415 and Thurgovian 1460 conquests of the Confederates and later in those of Italy 1512 having already taken part in the occupation of the Val d Ossola Between 1379 Walchwil and 1477 Cham Zug had acquired various districts in its own neighborhood principally to the north and the west which were ruled till 1798 by the town alone as subject lands 4 In 1478 the building of a larger town wall began which increased the town area six fold the same year as the building of the late gothic St Oswald Church began The building master of the new town wall was Hans Felder from Bavarian Swabia The ground plan of the town wall is indicative of an ideal symmetric plan of the Renaissance period something very rare at that time The overall urban planning implemented in the small town of Zug was modern for its time The Reformation and early modern era Edit During the turmoil of the Reformation Zug remained on the Catholic side of central Switzerland and retained the old faith Warring religious confederates fought at Kappel am Albis 1531 and at Gubel in Menzingen Its location on the edge of central Switzerland made Zug a confessional border town During the Reformation Zug clung to the old faith and was a member of the Christliche Vereinigung of 1529 In 1586 it became a member of the Golden League 4 The period up until 1798 was marked by internal political rivalries and turbulence The invasion of the French troops marked the end of the old order and with the Helvetic order came a radical political change Zug became part of the canton Waldstatten and the cantonal capital for a short time After a 50 year struggle between federalism and centralism between confederation and central state between conservative and liberal radical vision in 1848 today s federal government of Switzerland emerged Zug was given its current cantonal structure consisting of eleven local municipalities Industrialization and internationalization Edit Aerial view by Walter Mittelholzer 1919 Until well into the 19th century Zug consisted of agricultural land Actual industrialization began with the entrepreneur Wolfgang Henggeler who in 1834 built a cotton mill in Unterageri This was followed by the two companies in Neuageri and Baar In 1866 the American George Ham Page founded the first European condensed milk factory in Cham which later merged with Nestle Industry in Zug was dominated by the company Landis Gyr founded in 1896 and now owned by Toshiba The connection to the Swiss railway network in 1864 was important as was the connection of mountain and valley with an electric tram at the beginning of the 20th century In the second half of the century dynamic expansion took place and Zug became a national and international financial and trading center aided by its proximity to Zurich and by an attractive tax policy In parallel large industrial and commercial zones evolved employment increased rapidly the population rose sharply and the building boom skyrocketed Canton Zug catapulted itself into being at the top of the financially strong cantons And the town today has become as the British Guardian once wrote a compass of the global economy Today Edit Zug is a low tax region and is headquarters for a number of multinational enterprises The Expat City Ranking in 2019 based on a study of more than 20 000 respondents rated the quality of life in Zug highest among all cities in the survey 5 The town s best known agricultural product is Kirsch On 27 September 2001 an angry unstable gunman Friedrich Leibacher shot and killed 15 people including himself in the cantonal parliament of Zug The event became known as the Zug Massacre 6 Night view of Zug and its lakeGeography EditTopography Edit Aerial view of Zug Zug has an area as of the 2004 survey of 21 63 km2 8 35 sq mi 7 Of this area about 33 1 is used for agricultural purposes while 37 9 is forested Of the rest of the land 26 6 is settled buildings or roads and 2 5 is unproductive land In the 2004 survey a total of 353 ha 870 acres or about 16 3 of the total area was covered with buildings an increase of 60 ha 150 acres over the 1982 amount Over the same time period the amount of recreational space in the municipality increased by 8 ha 20 acres and is now about 2 53 of the total area Of the agricultural land 54 ha 130 acres is used for orchards and vineyards 651 ha 1 610 acres is fields and grasslands and 39 ha 96 acres consists of alpine grazing areas Since 1982 the amount of agricultural land has decreased by 74 ha 180 acres Over the same time period the amount of forested land has increased by 2 ha 4 9 acres Rivers and lakes cover 20 ha 49 acres in the municipality 8 9 Climate Edit Climate data for ZugMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAverage high C F 5 41 5 41 10 50 14 57 17 63 20 68 23 73 23 73 19 66 16 61 10 50 5 41 14 57 Average low C F 2 28 2 28 0 32 3 37 6 43 9 48 12 54 12 54 9 48 6 43 2 36 1 30 5 40 Average precipitation days 1 0 mm 12 3 11 5 13 11 3 11 3 11 3 11 5 10 1 9 4 9 6 11 5 13 1 135 9Average snowy days 1 0 cm 4 1 4 2 1 0 7 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 7 3 9 15 8Source Meteoblue 10 See also climate of Lucerne and Zurich Weather Edit Zug has an average of 136 1 days of rain per year and on average receives 1 224 mm 48 2 in of precipitation It has an average of 5 5 days per year with visibility reduced to less than 1 km the international definition of fog The wettest month is August during which time Zug receives an average of 158 mm 6 2 in of precipitation During this month there is precipitation for an average of 12 7 days The month with the most days of precipitation is June with an average of 13 7 but with only 156 mm 6 1 in of precipitation The driest month of the year is January with an average of 67 mm 2 6 in of precipitation over 12 7 days 11 Politics EditGovernment Edit The City Council Stadtrat constitutes the executive government of the Town of Zug and operates as a collegiate authority It is composed of five councillors German Stadtrat ratin each presiding over a department Departement comprising several bureaus The president of the executive department acts as mayor Stadtprasident In the mandate period 2015 2018 Legislatur the City Council is presided by Stadtprasident Karl Kobelt Departmental tasks coordination measures and implementation of laws decreed by the Grand Municipal Council are carried by the City Council The regular election of the City Council by any inhabitant valid to vote is held every four years The current mandate period Legislatur is from 2019 to 2022 Any resident of Zug allowed to vote can be elected as a member of the City Council The delegates are selected by means of a system of Majorz since 2014 The mayor is elected as such as well by public election while the heads of the other departments are assigned by the collegiate The executive body holds its meetings in the Stadthaus Town Hall on Kolinplatz 12 As of October 2018 update Zug s City Council is made up of two of FDP FDP The Liberals of whom one is also the mayor and one each of CVP Christian Democratic Party CSP Christian Social Party and SVP Swiss People s Party The last regular election was held on 7 October 2018 13 The City Council Stadtrat of Zug 12 City Councilor Stadtrat ratin Party Head of Department Vorsteher since of elected sinceKarl Kobelt SR 1 FDP Mayor s Office Prasidialdepartement 2019 2013Andre Wicky SVP Finance Finanzdepartement 2019 2013Vroni Straub Muller SR 2 CSP Education Bildungsdepartement 2011 2010Eliane Birchmeier FDP Engineering Baudepertement 2019 2018Urs Raschle CVP Social Welfare Environment and Security Departement Soziales Umwelt und Sicherheit SUS 2015 2014 Mayor Stadtprasident Vice Mayor Vizeprasidentin Martin Wurmli is Town Chronicler Stadtschreiber since 2014 and presides the Town Office Stadtkanzlei He has been elected by the collegiate Parliament Edit Federal elections Edit National Council Edit In the 2015 federal election the most popular party was the SVP with 25 4 of the vote The next three most popular parties were the CVP 22 5 the FDP 19 5 and the SP 17 2 In the federal election a total of 9 438 votes were cast and the voter turnout was 55 4 The 2015 election saw a large change in the voting when compared to 2011 The percentage of the vote received by the SP increased sharply from 6 4 in 2011 to 17 2 in 2015 while the percentage that the GPS received dropped from 21 3 to 9 5 14 International relations EditAfter World War II Zug helped the town of Furstenfeld Styria in Austria In 1986 they decided to become sister cities 15 Furstenfeld Styria in AustriaDemographics Edit Landsgemeindeplatz Zug has a population as of 31 December 2020 of 30 934 3 As of 2014 update 31 7 of which are foreign nationals 16 Over the last 10 years the population has grown at a rate of 11 4 Most of the population as of 2000 update speaks German 81 8 with Italian being second most common 3 8 and Serbo Croatian being third 3 2 17 In Zug about 76 of the population between age 25 64 have completed either non mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education either university or a Fachhochschule 17 Zug has an unemployment rate of 2 28 As of 2005 update there were 172 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 51 businesses involved in this sector 5 821 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 269 businesses in this sector 21 445 people are employed in the tertiary sector with 3 205 businesses in this sector 17 Sport EditZug is known as a hockey town in Switzerland The town s main team is EV Zug which plays in the National League NL They play their home games in the 7 200 seat Bossard Arena Their affiliate team the EV Zug Academy competes in the Swiss League SL and their home games are either held in the 7 200 seat Bossard Arena or in the 1 500 seat Academy Arena EV Zug II plays in the Second Regio League the fifth highest league in Switzerland Their home games are held in the Academy Arena HC Zugerland plays in the Third Regio League the sixth highest league in Switzerland The team plays its home games in the Bossard Arena Zug also has numerous junior teams that compete in the different junior leagues of Switzerland There are also an amateur association football team Zug 94 which was formed in 1994 and two amateur Rugby Teams the Rugby Club Zug which has a junior team The Saints Rugby School and the Rugby Bombers Zug which was founded by former members of the Rugby Club Zug Additionally there is an amateur floorball team Zug United Zug has a rowing club See Club Zug which is repeatedly the highest ranked rowing club in Switzerland 18 Economy EditThis section needs expansion You can help by adding to it December 2015 As of 2012 update there were a total of 40 166 people employed in the municipality Of these a total of 142 people worked in 42 businesses in the primary economic sector The secondary sector employed 5 939 workers in 351 separate businesses Finally the tertiary sector provided 34 085 jobs in 6 592 businesses In 2013 a total of 15 3 of the population received social assistance 19 Since 2016 Zug has accepted digital currency first for small payments of municipal fees up to CH200 To reduce risk Zug immediately converts any cryptocurrency received into Swiss francs This is part of a strategy to associate Zug with new technologies 20 21 Crypto Valley Summit 2019 Zug is a popular location for incorporation of companies such as Siemens Building Technologies and Nord Stream AG Zug has also been referred to as Crypto Valley because of the large number of companies engaged in cryptocurrency in the city These include Ethereum Cardano Polkadot and Bitcoin Suisse 20 By 2018 a Crypto Valley Association had been formed with Oliver Bussmann as its president 22 Culture Edit Library of the Zug Parish Church Kunsthaus or Art Museum Zug Castle now a museum Situation Edit The lake shore has been embanked and forms a promenade from which views of the Rigi and Pilatus as well as of the snowy peaks of the Bernese Oberland are gained Towards its northerly end a monument marks the spot where a part of the shore slipped into the lake in 1887 The older part of the town is rather crowded together though only four of the wall towers and a small part of the town walls still survive The most striking old building in the town is the parish church of St Oswald late 15th century dedicated to St Oswald king of Northumbria d 642 one of whose arms was brought to Zug in 1485 The town hall also a 15th century building now houses the Historical and Antiquarian Museum There are some quaint old painted houses close by A little way higher up the hillside is a Capuchin convent in a striking position close to the town wall and leaning against it Still higher and outside the old town is the fine new parish church of St Michael consecrated in 1902 The business quarter is on the rising ground north of the old town near the railway station Several fine modern buildings rise on or close to the shore in the town and to its south whilst to the southwest is a convent of Capuchin nuns who manage a large girls school and several other educational establishments The Museum of Prehistory Zug houses an important collection of archaeological remains especially from the late Bronze Age urnfield culture settlement of Zug Sumpf Many of Catharine II of Russia s relatives descended from Zug and became known as the Volga Germans Museums Edit There are three museums in the town the Museum of Prehistory which displays archaeological finds from Canton Zug the castle houses the Museum of Cultural History of the town and Canton Zug and the Zug Art Gallery attracts visitors with its exhibitions 23 Several municipalities also have their own local museum The Casino Theatre in Zug and the Zug Burgbachkeller along with the Chollerhalle cultural center are the most famous establishments The event centers in Baar Cham and Rotkreuz and the Zug youth scene Galvanik Podium Industrie 45 enrich the range of cultural events Zug is surrounded with mountains rivers and lakes including the mountains Zugerberg and the Walchwilerberg Oberallmig the Hohronen and the river Sihl The Choller nature reserve is also near Lake Zug Sights within the town include the late Gothic church of St Wolfgang near Huhnenberg or St Oswald in Zug the old town of Zug with the Town Hall and the Zytturm clock tower the Huwiler Tower the Zurlaubenhof feudal estate of the family Zurlauben on the outskirts of the town Zug s culture also includes the famous Zuger cherry liqueur cake Local specialties in addition to the cherry and the cherry liqueur cake include the Zug Rotel a fine lake charfish found on many menus 24 The IG Culture Zug society an umbrella organization of museums theaters orchestras and other cultural organizations was founded in Zug in 1995 The society publishes calendars and a magazine of cultural events in the canton In 2019 it had 167 members 25 Heritage sites Edit There are a number of Swiss heritage sites of national significance in Zug These include two libraries the Library of the former Capuchin monastery and the library of the parish church of St Michael One archeological site the Sumpf a late Bronze Age lake shore settlement is included as are three museums the Burg Castle museum Kunsthaus Art museum and Museum fur Urgeschichte Museum for ancient history There are three archives that are included in the list Burgerarchiv Zug Citizen s archive of Zug Staatsarchiv Zug State Canton of Zug archive and the Unternehmensarchiv der Landis amp Gyr AG Landis amp Gyr AG company archives The rest of the sites are the Catholic Church of St Oswald with Charnel house the Seminary of St Michael the town walls and several buildings in the old town of Zug 26 The prehistoric settlements at Oterswil Insel Eielen Riedmatt and Sumpf are part of the Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps a UNESCO World Heritage Site 27 Education EditThe Zug education system is based on equal abilities and includes compulsory primary and secondary school with optional secondary education and vocational training Two thirds of young people go into vocational education connected to an apprenticeship joining the professional world after the 9th grade of secondary school The international business community of Zug offers many and varied apprenticeships along with the Zug technical and industrial college GIBZ and the business college KBZ provide the academic knowledge and skills Zug has a long tradition of education Private schools like the Montana Institute Zug on Zugerberg International School of Zug or Lucerne ISZL or the Dr Pfister Institute AG Oberageri supplement the range available In addition there are the three former non state teacher training colleges in Menzingen Holy Cross in Cham and St Michael in Zug Tertiary education Edit Canton Zug has two high schools the Canton High School in the town of Zug and the Cantonal School in Menzingen Also at higher secondary level is the Vocational School Zug and the Business Studies School incorporated within the Canton School Zug is one of the university cantons with on the one hand the University of Teacher Training PHZ Zug on the other a polytechnic for financial services There are also six technical colleges for business computer science engineering design naturopathy and homeopathy child education and rescue services International Schools Edit The range of educational institutions is a key factor for location in the globalized world of competition especially for foreign employees the so called Expats The four international schools have been developed accordingly and report a high student intake Transportation Edit The railway station MS Zug Zug acts as an important transportation node An extensive bus network within the town and canton is provided by ZVB Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe 28 The Swiss Federal Railways link at Zug railway station for Cham Horgen Zurich Steinhausen Affoltern am Albis Arth Goldau St Gotthard Ticino and Italy and Rotkreuz Luzern Zug is the hub of the Zug Stadtbahn an S Bahn style commuter rail network The network consisted of the following lines S1 Baar Zug Cham Rotkreuz Luzern also S1 of the Lucerne S Bahn S2 Baar Lindenpark Zug Walchwil Arth Goldau Erstfeld Zug is also at the end of Zurich S Bahn suburban railway network on lines S5 and S24 The Zugerbergbahn is a funicular linking the Zug suburb of Schonegg 558 m with the Vordergeissboden literally anterior goat terrain 925 m the plateau of the Zugerberg overlooking the town and Lake Zug The A4 motorway and other main roads connect Zug with the rest of the nation Water transportation on Lake Zug is centred on the town with public transport on the lake provided by Motor Ship MS Zug MS Schwyz MS Rigi and MS Schwan These vessels belong to the Zugersee Schifffahrt a partner of the local public transport executive ZVB Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe Notable people Edit Simonetta Sommaruga 2011 Georges Stuber 1954 Johannes Brandenberg 1660 1729 a painter of pastoral subjects historical pictures and battle pieces Beat Fidele Antoine Jean Dominique de La Tour Chatillon de Zurlauben 1720 1799 soldier in the French army and Swiss historian Henric Trenk 1818 1892 a Romanian painter and graphic artist of Romantic landscapes Walo Luond 1927 2012 a movie actor 29 Marc Rich 1934 2013 controversial businessman founded Glencore the largest company in Switzerland and funded the early growth of Kanton Zug Friedrich Leibacher 1944 2001 a mass murderer in the Zug massacre Carl Rutti born 1949 a notable composer who writes choral music Simonetta Sommaruga born 1960 a politician current member of the Swiss Federal Council became President of the Swiss Confederation in 2015 Roland Dahinden born 1962 a trombonist and composer Severin Hacker born 1984 a computer scientist co founded Duolingo Max Husmann 1888 1965 Swiss peacemaker Operation Sunrise educator and founder of Institut Montana Zugerberg Mirjam Indermaur born 1967 Swiss businesswoman and writerSportGeorges Stuber 1925 2006 a football goalkeeper who played 14 times for Switzerland Karl Fridlin born 1935 a former swimmer competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics Fritz Schmid born 1959 a football coach currently the manager of the New Zealand national football team Lionel Donato born 1964 Swiss former professional footballer Patrick Fischer born 1975 head coach of the Swiss national ice hockey team Nadia Styger born 1978 a former World Cup alpine ski racer Christoph Schmid born 1982 a sport shooter competed in the 2008 Summer Olympics Sibylle Scherer born 1992 a handballer who plays for LK Zug and the Switzerland national teamNotes and references EditNotes Edit named in the 16th century References Edit a b Arealstatistik Standard Gemeinden nach 4 Hauptbereichen Federal Statistical Office Retrieved 13 January 2019 https www pxweb bfs admin ch pxweb fr px x 0102020000 201 px x 0102020000 201 px table tableViewLayout2 rxid c5985c8d 66cd 446c 9a07 d8cc07276160 retrieved 2 June 2020 a b Standige und nichtstandige Wohnbevolkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen Geburtsort und Staatsangehorigkeit bfs admin ch in German Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT TAB 31 December 2020 Retrieved 21 September 2021 a b c d Coolidge 1911 p 1048 sfn error no target CITEREFCoolidge1911 help Sibold Laura Die Stadt Zug ist bei Expats besonders beliebt in German Retrieved 10 March 2021 Untersuchungsrichterlicher Schlussbericht Archived 6 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine German Arealstatistik Standard Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen Arealstatistik Land Use Gemeinden nach 10 Klassen www landuse stat admin ch Swiss Federal Statistical Office 24 November 2016 Retrieved 27 December 2016 Regionalportrats 2017 Swiss Federal Statistical Office in German accessed 18 May 2017 Klima Zug Basel Oder Switzerland Meteoblue Retrieved 26 December 2015 Temperature and Precipitation Average Values Table 1961 1990 in German French and Italian Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss Archived from the original on 27 June 2009 Retrieved 8 May 2009 the weather station elevation is 435 meters above sea level a b Stadtrat official site in German Zug Switzerland Town Zug 2018 Retrieved 28 June 2019 Stadt Zug in German Kanzlei Kanton Zug 7 October 2018 Retrieved 28 June 2019 Swiss Federal Statistical Office Nationalratswahlen 2015 Starke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung nach Gemeinden Archived 2 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine in German accessed 18 July 2016 Furstenfeld die Schwesterstadt von Zug in German Zug Switzerland Town Zug Retrieved 26 December 2015 Standige Wohnbevolkerung in den Zuger Gemeinden 2010 2014 nach Staatsangehorigkeit XLS statistics in German Fachstelle fur Statistik Amt fur Raumplanung Kanton Zug 2015 Retrieved 27 December 2015 a b c Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 22 Sep 2009 See Club Zug www scz ch Swiss Federal Statistical Office Regional portraits accessed 2 May 2016 a b Uhlig jse Christian 1 July 2016 Alpine Crypto Valley pays with Bitcoins DW Finance Retrieved 18 July 2016 Ritter Johannes 19 February 2021 Schweizer kommen im Kanton Zug jetzt Steurn in Bitcoin zahlen The Swiss can now pay taxes in Bitcoin in the canton of Zug Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung in German Arnold Martin Atkins Ralph 12 February 2018 European banks break ranks over cryptocurrencies Financial Times Retrieved 20 April 2020 Online Casino Schweiz legal Liste bester Seiten im Test 2022 foreignbanks ch Zug Tourism Verein Zug Kultur www zugkultur ch Retrieved 19 October 2020 Swiss inventory of cultural property of national and regional significance Archived 1 May 2009 at the Wayback Machine 21 11 2008 version in German accessed 22 Sep 2009 Centre UNESCO World Heritage Prehistoric Pile Dwellings around the Alps UNESCO World Heritage Centre Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe Zug Town Retrieved 26 December 2015 Schauspieler Walo Luond gestorben Luzerner Zeitung External links Edit Media related to Zug at Wikimedia Commons Official website in German ZVB Zugerland Verkehrsbetriebe Pictures and history Zytturm in German Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zug amp oldid 1093608965, wikipedia, wiki, book,

books

, library,

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, read, download, free, free download, mp3, video, mp4, 3gp, jpg, jpeg, gif, png, picture, music, song, movie, book, game, games.