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Zulu Sofola

Zulu Sofola (22 June 1935 – 5 September 1995) was the first published female Nigerian playwright and dramatist. Sofola was also a university teacher and became the first female Professor of Theater Arts in Africa.

Contents

Nwazuluwa Onuekwuke Sofola was born in the former Bendel State to Nwaugbade Okwumabua and Chief Ogana Okwumabua who were Igbo from Issele-Uku, Aniocha North Local Government Area, presently in Delta State. She attended Federal Government Primary School in Asaba and the Baptist Girls High School in Agbor all in Delta State.[citation needed] Due to her outstanding performance in school, she was awarded a scholarship to complete her high school education in Nashville, Tennessee, USA. Spending her adolescence and early womanhood in the US, she studied at Southern Baptist Seminary, earned a BA in English at Virginia Union University in Richmond, Virginia in 1959.[citation needed] She obtained her MA in Drama (Play writing and Production) from The Catholic University of America in Washington DC in the year 1965. She returned to Nigeria in 1966, and became a lecturer in the Department of Theatre Arts at the University of Ibadan, Oyo State, where she obtained a PhD in Theatre Arts (Tragic Theory) in 1977.

Her plays "range from historical tragedy to domestic comedy and use both traditional and modern African setting". She uses "elements of magic, myth and ritual to examine conflicts between traditionalism and modernism in which male supremacy persists." She was considered one of the most distinguished women in Nigerian literature. She remains a source of inspiration to young African writers. Sofola's most frequently performed plays are Wedlock of the Gods (1972) and The Sweet Trap (1977), She died in 1995 at the age of 60.

  • Scholarly awards and distinctions both nationally and internationally.
  • Recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship.
  • Represented Nigeria at the first International Women Playwrights Conference.
  • The Deer Hunter and The Hunter's Pearl (1969), London: Evans Brothers.
  • The Disturbed Peace of Christmas (1971), Ibadan: Daystar Press.
  • Wedlock of the Gods (1972), Ibadan: Evans.
  • The Operators, Ibadan: Ibadan University, 1973.[citation needed]
  • King Emene: Tragedy of a Rebellion (1974), Heinemann Educational Books. ISBN 0-435-92860-0
  • The Wizard of Law (1975), Evans Bros. ISBN 0-237-49951-7
  • The Sweet Trap (1977); Ibadan: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-575386-0
  • Old Wines Are Tasty (1981), Ibadan: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-154-499-6
  • Memories in the Moonlight (1986), Ibadan: Evans Brothers.
  • Queen Omu-ako of Oligbo, Buffalo: Paul Robeson Theatre, 1989.
  • Eclipso and the Fantasia, Illorin, Nigeria: 1990.
  • The Showers, Illorin, Nigeria: 1991.
  • Song of a Maiden: A Play, Illorin, Nigeria: Heinemann, 1992.[citation needed]
  • Lost Dreams and Other Plays, Ibadan: Heinemann, 1992.
  1. Biography Archived 2013-03-30 at the Wayback Machine, ′Zulu Sofola official website.
  2. "Nigeria's female writers have arrived" Archived May 25, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, Sun newspaper (Nigeria), 11 December 2005.
  3. "Zulu Sofola: A legacy of creativity and generosity -". The NEWS. 2021-06-20. Retrieved2021-07-31.
  4. Ifeanyi Iyegbu, "Nwazuluwa Onuekwuke Sofola", Issele-Uku Association of North America.
  5. 5716427. "Sun 18 May 2014". Issuu. Retrieved2021-01-23.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  6. "Zulu Sofola". ZODML. 2014-09-23. Retrieved2021-01-23.
  7. Margaret Busby, Daughters of Africa: An International Anthology of Words and Writings by Women of African Descent, London: Jonathan Cape, 1992, p. 450.
  8. "Sofola, Zulu", in Martin Banham, Errol Hill & George Woodyard (eds), The Cambridge Guide to African & Caribbean Theatre, Cambridge University Press, 1994; p. 82.
  9. Africa Database Archived October 17, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
  10. Woman.NG (2017-12-23). "First Women: Zulu Sofola - The First Female Professor Of Theatre Arts In Africa". Woman.NG. Retrieved2020-05-29.
  11. "bookshy: 56 Years of Nigerian Literature: 'Zulu Sofola". bookshy. Retrieved2020-05-29.
  12. Fitzsimmons, Linda (May 1989). "First Women Playwrights Conference". New Theatre Quarterly. 5 (18): 123–123. doi:10.1017/s0266464x00003018. ISSN 0266-464X.
  13. "Nigeria—The Challenge of (and for) the Female Playwright". Critical Stages/Scènes critiques. 2017-06-25. Retrieved2020-05-29.
  14. Eni, Kenneth Efakponana (2012). "Zulu Sofola and the Nigerian Theatre Influences and Traditions". Creative Artist: A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies: 154–169. Retrieved29 May 2020.
  15. Fuchs, Anne (1999). New Theatre in Francophone and Anglophone Africa: A Selection of Papers Held at a Conference in Mandelieu, 23-26 June, 1995. Rodopi. ISBN 978-90-420-0725-3.
  16. Sofola, Zulu. (1986). Memories in the moonlight. Ibadan: Evans Brothers. ISBN 978-978-167-176-0.
  17. "PAUL ROBESON THEATRE NOISY 'QUEEN OMU-AKO' OFFERS A LOOK AT WEST AFRICAN CULTURE". The Buffalo News. 1989-05-03. Retrieved2020-05-29.
  18. "SOFOLA, 'Zulu". Encyclopedia.com. 29 May 2020. Retrieved29 May 2020.
  19. Publications, Europa (2003). International Who's Who of Authors and Writers 2004. Psychology Press. ISBN 978-1-85743-179-7.

Zulu Sofola
Zulu Sofola Language Watch Edit Zulu Sofola 22 June 1935 5 September 1995 1 was the first published female Nigerian playwright and dramatist 2 Sofola was also a university teacher and became the first female Professor of Theater Arts in Africa 3 Contents 1 Biography 2 Career 3 Achievements 4 Selected works 5 Further reading 6 References 7 External linksBiography EditNwazuluwa Onuekwuke Sofola 4 was born in the former Bendel State to Nwaugbade Okwumabua and Chief Ogana Okwumabua who were Igbo from Issele Uku Aniocha North Local Government Area presently in Delta State She attended Federal Government Primary School in Asaba and the Baptist Girls High School in Agbor all in Delta State citation needed Due to her outstanding performance in school she was awarded a scholarship to complete her high school education in Nashville Tennessee USA 5 Spending her adolescence and early womanhood in the US she studied at Southern Baptist Seminary earned a BA in English at Virginia Union University in Richmond Virginia in 1959 citation needed She obtained her MA in Drama Play writing and Production from The Catholic University of America in Washington DC in the year 1965 1 She returned to Nigeria in 1966 and became a lecturer in the Department of Theatre Arts at the University of Ibadan Oyo State where she obtained a PhD in Theatre Arts Tragic Theory in 1977 6 Career EditHer plays range from historical tragedy to domestic comedy and use both traditional and modern African setting 7 She uses elements of magic myth and ritual to examine conflicts between traditionalism and modernism in which male supremacy persists 8 She was considered one of the most distinguished women in Nigerian literature 9 She remains a source of inspiration to young African writers Sofola s most frequently performed plays are Wedlock of the Gods 1972 and The Sweet Trap 1977 8 She died in 1995 at the age of 60 Achievements EditScholarly awards and distinctions both nationally and internationally 10 Recipient of a Fulbright Scholarship 11 Represented Nigeria at the first International Women Playwrights Conference 12 Selected works EditThe Deer Hunter and The Hunter s Pearl 1969 London Evans Brothers 13 The Disturbed Peace of Christmas 1971 Ibadan Daystar Press 13 14 Wedlock of the Gods 1972 Ibadan Evans 15 The Operators Ibadan Ibadan University 1973 citation needed King Emene Tragedy of a Rebellion 1974 Heinemann Educational Books ISBN 0 435 92860 0 The Wizard of Law 1975 Evans Bros ISBN 0 237 49951 7 The Sweet Trap 1977 Ibadan Oxford University Press ISBN 0 19 575386 0 Old Wines Are Tasty 1981 Ibadan Oxford University Press ISBN 978 154 499 6 Memories in the Moonlight 1986 Ibadan Evans Brothers 16 Queen Omu ako of Oligbo Buffalo Paul Robeson Theatre 1989 17 Eclipso and the Fantasia Illorin Nigeria 1990 18 The Showers Illorin Nigeria 1991 19 Song of a Maiden A Play Illorin Nigeria Heinemann 1992 citation needed Lost Dreams and Other Plays Ibadan Heinemann 1992 19 Further reading EditGikandi Simon 2002 Encyclopedia of African Literature Routledge ISBN 0 415 23019 5 p 502 Gilbert H 1996 Post Colonial Drama Theory Practice Politics Routledge ISBN 0 415 09024 5 p 183 on Sofola s use of proverbs Kolawole M E M 1999 Zulu Sofola her life amp her works Caltop Publications Nigeria ISBN 978 33187 9 9 http www critical stages org 15 nigeria the challenge of and for the female playwright References Edit a b Biography Archived 2013 03 30 at the Wayback Machine Zulu Sofola official website Nigeria s female writers have arrived Archived May 25 2007 at the Wayback Machine Sun newspaper Nigeria 11 December 2005 Zulu Sofola A legacy of creativity and generosity The NEWS 2021 06 20 Retrieved 2021 07 31 Ifeanyi Iyegbu Nwazuluwa Onuekwuke Sofola Issele Uku Association of North America 5716427 Sun 18 May 2014 Issuu Retrieved 2021 01 23 CS1 maint numeric names authors list link Zulu Sofola ZODML 2014 09 23 Retrieved 2021 01 23 Margaret Busby Daughters of Africa An International Anthology of Words and Writings by Women of African Descent London Jonathan Cape 1992 p 450 a b Sofola Zulu in Martin Banham Errol Hill amp George Woodyard eds The Cambridge Guide to African amp Caribbean Theatre Cambridge University Press 1994 p 82 Africa Database Archived October 17 2006 at the Wayback Machine Woman NG 2017 12 23 First Women Zulu Sofola The First Female Professor Of Theatre Arts In Africa Woman NG Retrieved 2020 05 29 bookshy 56 Years of Nigerian Literature Zulu Sofola bookshy Retrieved 2020 05 29 Fitzsimmons Linda May 1989 First Women Playwrights Conference New Theatre Quarterly 5 18 123 123 doi 10 1017 s0266464x00003018 ISSN 0266 464X a b Nigeria The Challenge of and for the Female Playwright Critical Stages Scenes critiques 2017 06 25 Retrieved 2020 05 29 Eni Kenneth Efakponana 2012 Zulu Sofola and the Nigerian Theatre Influences and Traditions Creative Artist A Journal of Theatre and Media Studies 154 169 Retrieved 29 May 2020 Fuchs Anne 1999 New Theatre in Francophone and Anglophone Africa A Selection of Papers Held at a Conference in Mandelieu 23 26 June 1995 Rodopi ISBN 978 90 420 0725 3 Sofola Zulu 1986 Memories in the moonlight Ibadan Evans Brothers ISBN 978 978 167 176 0 PAUL ROBESON THEATRE NOISY QUEEN OMU AKO OFFERS A LOOK AT WEST AFRICAN CULTURE The Buffalo News 1989 05 03 Retrieved 2020 05 29 SOFOLA Zulu Encyclopedia com 29 May 2020 Retrieved 29 May 2020 a b Publications Europa 2003 International Who s Who of Authors and Writers 2004 Psychology Press ISBN 978 1 85743 179 7 External links Editzulusofola com Zulu Sofola official website Zulu Sofola at Black Plays Archive National Theatre Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zulu Sofola amp oldid 1036344913, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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