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Zurich Airport

For other uses, see Zürich (disambiguation).

Zurich Airport (German: Flughafen Zürich, IATA: ZRH, ICAO: LSZH) is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines. It serves Zürich, Switzerland's largest city, and, with its surface transport links, much of the rest of the country. The airport is located 13 kilometres (8 mi) north of central Zürich, in the municipalities of Kloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel, and Opfikon, all of which are within the canton of Zürich.

Zurich Airport
Flughafen Zürich
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerFlughafen Zürich AG
ServesZürich, Switzerland
LocationKloten, Rümlang, Oberglatt, Winkel and Opfikon
Opened14 June 1948 (73 years ago) (1948-06-14)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,416 ft / 432 m
Coordinates47°27′53″N008°32′57″E /47.46472°N 8.54917°E /47.46472; 8.54917Coordinates: 47°27′53″N008°32′57″E /47.46472°N 8.54917°E /47.46472; 8.54917
Websitezurich-airport.com
Map
ZRH
Location of airport in Switzerland
Show map of Switzerland
ZRH
ZRH (Europe)
Show map of Europe
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10/28 8,202 2,500 Concrete
14/32 10,827 3,300 Concrete
16/34 12,139 3,700 Concrete
Statistics (2019)
Passengers31,538,236
Passengers change 18-19 1.3%
Aircraft movements275,396
Movements change 18-19 -1.1%

Contents

Early years

In the Zurich area, mixed civil and military air traffic developed from 1909 onwards at Dübendorf airfield, northeast of the city. From 1919, the airport was home to Swissair's predecessor Ad Astra Aero, and from 1932 also to Swissair. The first international flight from Switzerland landed on July 21, 1921.[citation needed][where?] In the early years of aviation, the Dübendorf Air Base, located some 8 km (5.0 mi) to the Zurich Airport, also served as the city's commercial airfield. The need for a dedicated commercial facility led to the search for a location at which to build a replacement airport.

In 1939, civil air traffic had to be suspended at the outbreak of the Second World War for military strategic reasons. Although Swissair was allowed to resume scheduled air traffic in September 1940, this remained on a modest scale during the war.

In March 1943, the government of the canton of Zurich commissioned a study to identify possible locations for the construction of a major airport. In its report, a consortium of engineers and architects led by Locher & Cie company advised against the previously discussed expansion options at Dübendorf airport and instead recommended a separate civil airport in the partially forested moorland area of the armory situated between Kloten and Oberglatt. In August 1943, the Federal Military Department declared its agreement to abandon the armory as a matter of principal "in the higher national interest".

Locher & Cie submitted "Project I" to the Government on 31 December 1943. Four runways were planned and together with the buildings the required area was 472 hectares. Without the purchase of land, the project would have cost 87 million CHF. The government found the costs too high and ordered a revision. The "Project II" of 29 April 1944 still provided for an area of 290 hectares and costs of 65 million CHF, but the government council demanded a further reduction. For "Project III" of 31 July 1944, 54.4 million and 215 hectares were required. The project nevertheless met the requirements of an intercontinental airport. The Government formally approved it and submitted it to the Federal Government, strongly emphasizing that the Zurich project was "far superior" to the also planned (and ultimately abandoned) Swiss Central Airport Utzenstorf near Bern.

In December 1944, the responsible Federal Councillor, Enrico Celio, explicitly spoke out in favour of Zurich-Kloten, in a letter to his counterparts, as did the governments of the cantons of Eastern and Central Switzerland and Ticino a month later. The National Council and Council of States followed this view and on 22 June 1945 approved the "Federal Decree on the Expansion of Civil Airports". Basel, Bern and Geneva were to receive smaller continental airports and be supported with a 30 percent share of the costs. The Zurich project was granted the status of an intercontinental airport and the highest possible subsidy rate of 35 percent.

Switzerland's federal parliament decided in 1945 that Zürich was to be the site of a major airport, and sold 655 hectares (1,620 acres) of the Kloten-Bülach Artillery Garrison (German: Artillerie-Waffenplatz Kloten-Bülach) to the canton of Zürich, giving the canton control of the new airfield. Construction of the airport began the following year.

Initial plans for the airport, as laid out in the Federal government's scheme of 1945, were centered on facilities capable of handling international airline traffic. Aircraft of up to 80 tons were envisaged. The primary runway was to be designed for use in all weathers and at night, with a 400-metre (1,300 ft)-wide hard surface running to 3,000 metres (9,800 ft) in length. Additional 100-metre (330 ft) areas were to be provided on the shoulders for lateral protection in case of runway excursions. Additional domestic runways, between 1,000 and 1,400 metres (3,300 and 4,600 ft) in length, were also to be built.

First stage of construction: civil engineering

On 25 February 1946, the Zurich Cantonal Council approved a building loan of 36.8 million. The cantonal referendum of 5 May 1946 resulted in a clear approval with 105,705 votes in favour, 29,372 against. "Project IV" never came to fruition, as it was further developed by adapting it to the ICAO standards which were changing rapidly at the time. Instead of four runways, the new "Project V" of 20 May 1946 provided only three. Project VI" of 9 October 1946 increased the dimensions of all three runways. Finally, the slightly modified "Project VII" of 20 December 1947 was realised. Within three years, the design on the drawing board had completely changed from a purely grass airfield with a four-runway system without taxiways to a three-runway system with paved taxiways. The staggered design meant that it was possible to react to changes without having to impose a complete halt to construction.

Construction works finally began on 5 May 1946 with the diversion of the Altbach stream. The 1900 m long West Runway 10/28 was the first runway which was opened on 14 June 1948, and on which the first Swissair Douglas DC-4 took off for London. On behalf of the canton as airport owner, Cantonal Councillor Jakob Kägi gave a speech to mark the inauguration of the new runway and the start of provisional flight operations. Shortly after, on 17 November 1948, the 2600 m long blind runway 16/34 (runway with instrument landing system) was opened for operation, which was attended by the seven members of the cantonal government. In the presence of invited guests from politics and the media as well as representatives of the construction companies and airlines, the new airport was inaugurated, which meant that the relocation of the entire civil flight operations from Dübendorf to Kloten had already been completed and full operation could begin at the new Zurich airport.

The 1535 m long Bisen runway 02/20, which belonged to the three-runway system of 1948, was of little importance. Due to the applicable crosswind regulations at that time, the runway was designed to face the Bise in order to guarantee the airport's all-weather capability. However, the ICAO increased the crosswind tolerances for aircraft in subsequent revisions to such an extent that the runway was decommissioned after just over ten years.

First stage of construction: structural engineering

The character of a provisional solution was supported - despite full operation - by the lack of buildings, especially the "Flughof", which had been planned since 1946. Instead, a growing shanty town stood to the east of the reserved building site. On 27 October 1948, the canton outsourced the development, construction and operation of the buildings to the newly founded "Flughafen-Immobilien-Gesellschaft" (FIG), a mixed-economy public limited company in which the public sector held half of the shares (canton of Zurich 22.5%, city of Zurich 18%, "Zürcher Kantonalbank" 5%, city of Winterthur 3.6% and municipality of Kloten 0.9%). The FIG took over projects that had been started and was thus able to hand over the completed "shipyard I" to Swissair for use as early as late autumn 1948, followed by offices for Swissair's technical departments, which were finally able to leave Dübendorf by the end of April 1949. Further workshops, the striking arched hangar and the "Heating Centre I" for the heat supply were completed by the end of 1949.

Based on "Project V", the terminal building had already been designed as a convex building at the airport head in mid-1946. In the following four years, a total of 24 feasible airport project designs were submitted, before the FIG commissioned the construction of the airport according to plans by Alfred and Heinrich Oeschger in November 1950. At the beginning of 1951, the piling work for the terminal building began, the construction work took about two years. With the opening on 9 April 1953, the shanty town could be abandoned. The new building consisted of a central passenger wing, flanked by a restaurant and an office wing. In addition there was a spectator terrace of 200m length.

The first years of operation

As had been expected the construction costs had been significantly exceeded. Several metres of raised bog were removed and backfilled with material from the Holberg; the concrete area had also increased from the originally planned 420,000 m2 to a good 611,000 m2. In addition, the former weapons range area had to be searched for unexploded bombs, of which a total of 157 were found. The costs for "Project IV", estimated at CHF 59.5 million in 1946, had risen to CHF 106 million by the time the civil engineering works under "Project VII" were completed in July 1949. Both chambers of the Federal Assembly concluded the political review with the "Federal Decree on the Payment of Additional Federal Contributions to the Construction of Zurich-Kloten Airport" of 29 September 1949. The Federation contributed CHF 27.1 million and doubled its contribution to the air traffic control facilities. For its part, the Zurich Cantonal Council granted a supplementary credit on 13 February 1950. This was accepted by the voters on 7 May 1950 with 73,551 votes to 59,088 (yes share of 55.45%).

The new terminal opened in 1953 with a large air show that ran three days. In 1947, the airport handled 133,638 passengers on 12,766 airline flights; in 1952, 372,832 passengers on 24,728 airline flights.

Second stage of construction

Locher & Cie was commissioned in 1954 to design various project options for the second construction phase. In March 1956, the canton submitted an extended project to the Federal Council. In addition to mandatory runway extensions for the incipient "jet age", the project also provided for the extension of the public facilities, which were already overused and dominated by various provisional arrangements; two finger docks were to defuse the situation. On 12 October 1956, the Federal Council recommended that parliament approve the bill. On 19 December 1956, the Council of States approved the federal contribution of CHF 54.8 million (at a total cost of 181.8 million), the National Council followed suit on 7 March 1957. The contribution of the Canton of Zurich of CHF 74.3 million was still outstanding, the rest was to be raised by FIG and Swissair. The concrete expansion project included the extension of the blind runway to 4000 m and the western runway to 3150 m, as well as the extension of the buildings. Opponents described the "super airport Kloten" as a "luxury" and criticised that the canton had "lost every measure". Another issue that planners had completely neglected until then was the aircraft noise. With a high turnout of 72.3%, the expansion project failed in the cantonal referendum of 23 June 1957 with 97,603 votes to 83,196 (no vote of 54.0%).

Just four days later, the Zurich government council commissioned a redimensioned expansion project. The blind runway was to be only 3700 m long, the western runway 2500 m; the construction of the finger docks was abandoned. Thus the canton's share of the project to be approved was only CHF 49.1 million. The government gave far more attention to the aircraft noise. On 6 July 1958, voters approved the project by 107,050 votes to 56,872 (yes share 65.3%), with a 65.6% share. Due to time pressure - the landing of the first jet aircraft was planned for the following year - construction work began without waiting for approval of the federal funding. In December 1958 and March 1959 respectively, the National Council and the Council of States granted subsidies of 55.6 million. In 1959, BOAC started regular flight connections to Zurich with the revised "Comet IV", while the airport was still a construction site.

The first buildings were completed in 1960, and the terminal building, which had been considered an attractive design, lost its symmetrical appearance. To the east, towards the former shanty town, office wing A1, office wing B and the air traffic control building were added with a connecting structure. The "Fracht West" building, which had been extended at short notice during construction to provide additional office space, was located somewhat off the main building. In the hangar area in the southwest, Heating Station II was put into operation and the Hangar II, which was designed for jet aircraft, was handed over to Swissair, shortly after the arrival of the Sud Aviation "Caravelle III" and the Douglas DC-8-32 in May 1960. Finally, in the summer of 1961, Swissair's in-flight catering service was given a new building between the head of the airport and the hangar area.

The Canton of Zurich acquired a further 135 hectares of land for the expansion of the civil engineering works, which lasted until the beginning of 1961 in parallel with the construction of the buildings. The apron areas were enlarged, particularly at the airport head and in the hangar area; the pier was also extended from 16 to 28 aircraft parking spaces, and buses were purchased to provide access to them. The west runway 10/28 was extended by 600 metres to the west, towards Rümlang, and opened on 1 January 1961 with its new operating length of 2500 metres. Blind runway 16/34 was extended 400 metres to the south in the direction of Opfikon and 700 metres to the north in the direction of Oberglatt. At its new operating length of 3700 m, it was released on 15 March 1961. By the time work was completed, the paved area at the airport covered 1,013,000 m2.

Extension of the Terminal Building

Although virtually all the buildings of the second phase had been completed by the end of 1961, the extension of the terminal building was still at the design stage. After the passenger terminal with two finger docks had failed in the cantonal referendum, the FIG had worked out a new project until 1958. This envisaged a two-storey transverse hall on the landside of the airport, on the two main floors of which arriving and departing passengers were functionally separated. For cost reasons, the federal government demanded a considerable redimensioning, which led to an open dispute about the preferred design. When the conflict, described by the media as a "war of experts", threatened to escalate, President Willy Spühler invited representatives of the Federation and the cantons to a conference on 9 December 1963.

During the conference, FIG's airport planners and the Canton of Zurich prevailed against the federal government. The canton only had to make concessions for the commercial parts of the project, such as the restaurant wing. The dispatch of the Federal Council, submitted on 1 March 1965, requested a federal contribution of 23.1 million to the total costs of 129.4 million. Of this, 2.1 million was earmarked for the connection of the airport to the national road network and for the preparation of a connection to the planned (but never built) Zurich underground railway. The National Council and Council of States adopted the bill in October 1965, allowing construction work to begin the following year. The motorway loop was in operation from 1968. Finally, with the opening of the last new hall wing on 1 April 1971, the extension of the terminal building was completed.

The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972, when a night-time curfew was enacted, as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced. Runway 14/32 was opened in 1976, and 16/34 began renovation.

Attacks on El Al aircraft

On 18 February 1969, four armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) attacked El Al flight 432, firing Kalashnikov assault rifles at the Boeing 720B whilst it prepared for takeoff. The Shin Bet employee Mordechai Rachamim fired back with his pistol and killed the terrorist Abdel Mohsen Hassan. The three remaining assassins were each sentenced to twelve years in prison. The aircraft's co-pilot subsequently died of his injuries.

The attack marked the beginning of a discussion about airport security that had never been raised until then in Switzerland. On 21 February 1970 a parcel bomb exploded in Swissair's Convair CV-990 on flight SR330 (Zurich-Tel Aviv). In the crash near Würenlingen all 47 people on board were killed. Investigations revealed that a PFLP terrorist group had carried out the bomb attack. The actual target, however, had been an El Al flight from Munich to Tel Aviv, whose mail had been sent with Swissair to Zurich due to long delays. In 1970 the PFLP obtained the release of the three terrorists convicted in Switzerland and other comrades-in-arms imprisoned abroad through coordinated hijackings. Flights affected were SR 100 (Zurich-New York), TWA flight TW741, Pan Am flight PA93 and BOAC flight BA775.

Third stage of construction

In January 1969, the Zurich Cantonal Council approved a loan for preparatory work for the third stage of expansion. The project that was subsequently drawn up clearly exceeded the previous dimensions. The plans included the extension of the existing runways, a 3300 m long runway, additional taxiways, the enlargement of the pier to 47 stands, a new terminal with finger dock, two multi-storey car parks, additional technical buildings, an airport railway station and a new hangar. In addition, there were various extensions and conversions of existing buildings. The costs were estimated at CHF 777.6 million (not including the air traffic control building and railway station). Since this project was hardly different from the "super airport" rejected in 1957, criticism was immediately voiced again by the "Protection Association of the Population around Zurich Airport" (SBFZ) and the community of Höri, which was located directly in the approach corridor. The SBFZ even demanded the resumption of the central airport concept that was dropped in 1945 - instead of Utzenstorf this time in the "Grosse Moos", with two runways jutting into Lake Neuchâtel.

The supporters of the Zurich airport expansion argued primarily with the economic benefit. In order to take the wind out of the sails of aircraft noise criticism, the government and cantonal council are drafting an aircraft noise law (including a ban on night flights), which should be submitted to a referendum at the same time as the expansion bill. After the Cantonal Council had approved both bills in July 1970, the referendum was held on 27 September 1970. The proposal for expansion was approved by 103,867 votes to 64,192 (61.8% yes), the Aircraft Noise Act by 134,501 votes to 32,590 (80.5% yes). The following year, the Federal Assembly approved a federal contribution of 240.3 million. Construction work on the third stage also began in 1971. In 1973, Hangar III, Cargo Hall East, Car Park F and the General Aviation Centre were completed. In 1974 the "Werkhof" (work yard), an office building and multistorey car park E were added, in 1975 the apron, multi-storey car park B and Terminal B with finger dock, and in 1976 the Airport Plaza shopping and service centre located in multi-storey car park B.

Additional costs were incurred due to numerous adjustments to the construction project. The additional credit of 25.8 million was accepted by Zurich voters on 7 December 1975 with 178,723 to 87,303 votes (67.2% yes). The canton supplemented this credit with ordinary and extraordinary budget credits from the building department. In March 1976 the Federal Assembly approved an additional federal contribution of 39.7 million. As the centrepiece of the third stage, runway 14/32 was opened on 1 April 1976, increasing capacity by a third. In the early days, the new runway served exclusively for landing traffic. The rail link, which had been approved by parliament in 1975 in a separate federal decree, was still outstanding. As this was a project of the Swiss Federal Railways (SBB), the cost allocation differed greatly. Of the total costs of 285 million, the SBB contributed 60%, the Federation 33% and the Canton of Zurich 7%. The project comprised the Zurich Airport railway station under Terminal B (on which construction had been underway since 1971) and a new line between Bassersdorf and Glattbrugg. After nine years of construction, the ceremonial opening of the airport line took place on 29 May 1980.

Fourth stage of construction

In the second half of the 1970s, the volume of traffic continued to rise sharply, so the Canton of Zurich, the FIG and Swissair worked out a project for the fourth construction phase. On 28 September 1980, with 142,240 to 104,775 votes (57.6%), Zurich voters accepted a loan of CHF 48 million for civil engineering works, which were part of the forthcoming construction work.

Also in 1980, the Federal Office of Civil Aviation published a new airport concept, which replaced that of 1945. The focus was now on qualitative expansion, taking into account spatial planning and environmental protection considerations.

Based on this concept, the Federal Assembly approved the "Building Programme 1981-1985". This programme provided for investments of CHF 393.3 million in Zurich-Kloten, but the subsidy contribution of 10.3% was significantly lower than for the Geneva and Basel-Mulhouse airports. This was justified by the catch-up demand of the two other major Swiss airports. The central element of the fourth stage was the finger dock in Terminal A with 13 docking positions. Also planned were a new control tower, a baggage sorting system, an additional multi-storey car park, waiting rooms and an operations centre for aircraft crews. Later, the Zurich government council also decided to renew the damaged western runway, which had to be closed for two and a half months in the summer of 1985 for this purpose. Fingerdock A was put into operation on 1 November 1985, the new 41 m high control tower on 29 April 1986. There were also plans to expand the airport's cargo facilities. However, a corresponding loan of CHF 57 million was narrowly rejected in the referendum of 6 September 1987 by 106,722 to 98,663 votes (52.0% against). The project, which was subsequently revised and approved by the Zurich Cantonal Council in 1989, focused on more efficient use of the existing facilities, thereby enabling the handling of an additional 100,000 tonnes of freight annually.

Fifth stage of construction ("Airport 2000")

The cantonal popular initiative "for moderate air traffic" submitted in January 1991 intended to limit the airport to its then status, i.e. neither to allow more aircraft movements nor to expand the infrastructure. In the vote of 26 September 1993, however, it did not stand a chance and was clearly rejected by 235,531 votes to 112,476 (67.6%). Nine months later, the Zurich cantonal government submitted a proposal for a loan of CHF 873 million to the cantonal council. The fifth construction phase, known as "Airport 2000" and costing a total of CHF 2.4 billion, was intended to replace outdated systems and further expand existing facilities. At the heart of the project was the construction of a third terminal, Dock E "Midfield", located between the three runways. The Skymetro aerial tramway, a road tunnel and underground baggage conveyors were necessary for its development. Also part of the fifth stage was the construction of the new passenger hub "Airside Center". The Cantonal Council approved the project at the end of February 1995. It cleared the last hurdle in the referendum of 25 June 1995, when it was approved by 224,668 votes to 105,859 (68.0% Yes). After almost nine years of construction, the project was completed in 2004.

Zurich 2010" project

The next major event for the airport was in 1999, when the Parliament of the canton of Zürich approved privatization of Zurich Airport. The following year, Flughafen Zürich AG, trading under the brand Unique, became the new airport operator. The company dropped the brand Unique in favour of Zurich Airport and Flughafen Zürich in 2010.

On 2 October 2001, a major cash-flow crisis at Swissair, exacerbated by the global downturn in air travel caused by the September 11 attacks, caused the airline to ground all its flights. Although a government rescue plan permitted some flights to restart a few days later, and the airline's assets were subsequently sold to become Swiss International Air Lines, the airport lost a large volume of traffic. After Lufthansa took control of Swiss International Air Lines in 2005, traffic began to grow again.

On 18 October 2001, Germany and Switzerland signed a treaty regarding the limitation of flights over Germany. Under the terms of this treaty, any incoming aircraft after 22:00 had to approach Zürich from the east to land on runway 28, which, unlike the airport's other runways, was not equipped with an instrument landing system. A month later, at 22:06 on 24 November, an inbound Crossair Avro RJ100 using this approach in conditions of poor visibility crashed into a range of hills near Bassersdorf and exploded, killing 24 of the 33 people on board. The flight had originally been scheduled to land on runway 14 before 22:00, but it was subject to delay and was therefore diverted to runway 28.

Zurich Airport completed a major expansion project in 2003, in which it built a new parking garage, a new midfield terminal, and an automated underground people mover to link the midfield terminal to the main terminal. In November 2008 a complete renovation and rebuild of the old terminal B structure was announced. The new terminal B opened in November 2011, and provides segregated access to and from aircraft for Schengen and non-Schengen passengers. Zurich Airport handled 25.5 million passengers in 2014, up 2.5 percent from 2013.

Etihad Regional ceased on 18 February 2015 to fly two-thirds of its scheduled routes without further notice, amongst them all its services from Zürich except the domestic service to Geneva. Etihad Regional blamed the failure of its expansion on the behavior of competitors, especially Swiss International Air Lines, as well as the Swiss aviation authorities.

As a consequence of the bombings in Brussels on 22 March 2016, which caused the temporary closure of Brussels Airport, Brussels Airlines stationed three Airbus A330s at Zurich Airport to offer flights to several African countries for the duration of the closure.

Following the demolition of some office buildings the construction of the new baggage sorting facilities between the Operations Center and Terminal 1 began in spring 2018 with a total investment of CHF 500 million.

As of 2020, the marketing of all advertising space at the airport was transferred from Clear Channel to APG.

The main Terminal 1 will be completely rebuilt - including the tower of the Skyguide Air Traffic Control. Construction is scheduled to begin in 2021, with completion expected in 2030. In addition to the old building fabric, the expected growth in passenger numbers is the main reason for the pending construction work. "The forecasts suggest that the number of passengers arriving, departing or transferring at Zurich Airport each year today will grow from 29 million today to 50 million by 2030," says the airport operator's personnel booklet.

The airport is owned by Flughafen Zürich AG, a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange. Major shareholders include the canton of Zürich, with 33.33% plus one of the shares, and the city of Zürich, with 5% of the shares. No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 3%. Flughafen Zürich AG used the brand name Unique from 2000 until 2010.

The company has stakes in various other airports around the world.

Terminal A for domestic and Schengen destinations
The Airside Center by night
Terminal E

Terminal complex

The airport has three airside piers, which are known as terminals A, B, and E (also signposted as Gates A, B/D, and E). These are linked to a central air-side building called Airside Center, built in 2003. Alongside the Airside Center, the ground-side terminal complex named Airport Center comprises several buildings, and includes airline check-in areas, a shopping mall, a railway station, car parks, and a bus and tram terminal. All departing passengers access the same departure level of the Airside Center, which includes duty-free shopping and various bars and restaurants, via airport security. They are then segregated between passengers for Schengen and non-Schengen destinations on the way to the gate lounges, with the latter first passing through emigration controls. Arriving Schengen and non-Schengen passengers are handled in separate areas of the Airside Center and reach it by different routes, with non-Schengen passengers first passing through immigration controls. The three airside terminals are:

Terminal A

Terminal A contains gates prefixed A. It opened in 1971, and it is used exclusively by flights to and from destinations inside the Schengen Area, including domestic flights within Switzerland. Since its expansion in 1982–1985, it takes the form of a finger pier, directly connected at one end to the Airside Centre.

Terminal A was scheduled to be torn down and replaced by an entirely new facility from 2021. However in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic the start of the project has been postponed for at least three years.

Terminal B

Terminal B contains gates prefixed B and D. It opened in 1975 and reopened in November 2011 after an extensive three-year reconstruction. Like terminal A, it takes the form of a finger pier directly connected at one end to the Airside Centre. Since reconstruction, it can accommodate both Schengen and non-Schengen flights at the same gates. Each gate has two numbers, one prefixed B and the other D, but with different passenger routes to and from the gates to separate the flows of Schengen and non-Schengen passengers.

Terminal E

Terminal E contains gates prefixed E, and is also known as the midfield terminal or Dock E. It is a stand-alone satellite terminal located on the opposite side of runway 10/28 from the Airside Center, and is situated between runways 16/34 and 14/32. It is entirely used by non-Schengen international flights and became operational and was opened on September 1, 2003. It is connected to the Airside Center by the Skymetro, an automated underground people mover.

Runways

Zurich Airport has three runways: 16/34 of 3,700 m (12,100 ft) in length, 14/32 of 3,300 m (10,800 ft) in length, and 10/28 of 2,500 m (8,200 ft) in length. For most of the day and in most conditions, runway 14 is used for landings and runways 16 and 28 are used for takeoffs, although different patterns are used early morning and in the evenings.

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Zurich Airport:

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Athens, Thessaloniki
Seasonal: Heraklion, Mykonos, Rhodes
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Cairo Seasonal: Hurghada
Air Canada Toronto–Pearson
Seasonal: Vancouver
Air Europa Madrid
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
airBaltic Riga
AlMasria Universal Airlines Seasonal charter: Hurghada
American Airlines Philadelphia
AnadoluJet Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal: Antalya
Austrian Airlines Vienna
BH Air Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
British Airways London–City, London–Heathrow
Seasonal charter: Edinburgh
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong
Chair Airlines Beirut, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Ohrid, Pristina, Skopje
Seasonal: Corfu, Heraklion, Ibiza, Kos, Larnaca, Mykonos (begins 22 May 2022), Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Split, Zakynthos
Condor Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Kos, Larnaca, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Split, Tenerife–South
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya, Bodrum (begins 2 May 2022)
Croatia Airlines Zagreb
Seasonal: Dubrovnik, Pula, Split
Seasonal charter: Rijeka
Cyprus Airways Seasonal: Larnaca
Delta Air Lines New York–JFK
easyJet Berlin, London–Gatwick, London–Luton, Porto
Edelweiss Air Buenos Aires–Ezeiza (resumes 2 October 2022), Cancún, Catania, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Havana, Hurghada, Lamezia Terme, Lanzarote, Marsa Alam, Mauritius, Palma de Mallorca, Pristina, Punta Cana, San José de Costa Rica, Skopje, Tampa, Tenerife–South
Seasonal: Agadir, Antalya, Bodrum, Cagliari, Calgary, Cape Town, Chania, Colombo–Bandaranaike, Corfu, Dalaman, Dar es Salaam, Denver, Djerba, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh, Figari, Heraklion, Ho Chi Minh City, Ibiza, Jerez de la Frontera, Kalamata, Kilimanjaro, Kos, La Palma, Larnaca, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR) (begins 28 November 2021), Mahé, Malé, Marrakesh, Menorca, Montego Bay, Muscat, Mykonos, Newquay, Ohrid, Olbia, Orlando, Paphos, Phuket, Preveza, Puerto Plata, Pula, Rhodes, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Sal, Samos, San Diego, Santiago de Compostela, Santorini, Seville, Sharm El Sheikh, Skiathos, Split, Tivat, Vancouver, Varadero, Varna, Zakynthos, Zanzibar
Seasonal charter: Kittilä, Rovaniemi, Tromsø
El Al Tel Aviv
Emirates Dubai–International
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg
Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca
Finnair Helsinki
FlyEgypt Seasonal charter: Hurghada
Hainan Airlines Shenzhen
Helvetic Airways Charter: Hurghada, Pristina, Trieste
Seasonal charter: Kittilä, Heraklion, Kos, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca
Iberia Madrid
Icelandair Reykjavík–Keflavík
Israir Airlines Seasonal: Tel Aviv
ITA Airways Rome–Fiumicino
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seasonal: Seoul–Incheon
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Oman Air Muscat
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen
Qatar Airways Doha
Royal Jordanian Amman–Queen Alia
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo, Stockholm–Arlanda
Singapore Airlines Singapore
SunExpress Ankara, Antalya, Dalaman, Gaziantep, İzmir
Swiss International Air Lines Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing–Daxing, Belgrade, Berlin, Bilbao, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Boston, Bremen, Brindisi, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Cairo, Chicago–O'Hare, Copenhagen, Dar es Salaam, Delhi, Dresden, Dubai–International, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Florence, Frankfurt, Gdańsk, Geneva, Gothenburg, Gran Canaria, Graz, Hamburg, Hanover, Hong Kong, Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kraków, Kyiv–Boryspil, Lisbon, Ljubljana, London–City, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Luxembourg, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marseille, Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Montreal–Trudeau, Moscow–Domodedovo, Mumbai, Munich, Nairobi–Jomo Kenyatta, Naples, Newark, New York–JFK, Nice, Nuremberg, Oslo, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Prague, Rome–Fiumicino, Saint Petersburg, San Francisco, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarajevo, Shanghai–Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Tallinn, Tel Aviv, Thessaloniki, Tirana, Tokyo–Narita, Valencia, Venice, Vienna, Warsaw–Chopin, Wrocław
Seasonal: Alicante, Bari, Beirut (begins 2 December 2021), Bergen, Billund, Chania, Corfu, Cork, Figari, Heraklion, Kefalonia, Kos, Malta, Mykonos, Niš, Palermo, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Sylt, Zakynthos
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya
TAP Air Portugal Lisbon
Seasonal: Porto
Thai Airways Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi
Seasonal: Phuket
Tunisair Djerba, Tunis
Seasonal: Enfidha
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Seasonal: Gaziantep
Twin Jet Lyon
Ukraine International Airlines Kyiv–Boryspil
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare (begins 24 April 2022), Newark, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: San Francisco
Vueling Alicante, Barcelona, Lanzarote, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Santiago de Compostela

Busiest European routes

Zurich Airport statistics from 1982 to 2014, including passengers, transfer passengers, flights handled and freight in metric tons
Zurich Airport in 1956
Zurich Airport with the Swiss Alps visible in the background
Interior view of the landside area
View of runway 14
Swiss International Air Lines maintains its hub at Zurich Airport.
Busiest routes at Zurich Airport (2016)
Rank City Total departing passengers
1 London 888,876
2 Berlin 508,589
3 Vienna 492,968
4 Düsseldorf 403,759
5 Amsterdam 402,922
6 Frankfurt 330,326
7 Paris 322,188
8 Barcelona 318,050
9 Hamburg 300,526
10 Madrid 290,174

Busiest intercontinental routes

Busiest intercontinental routes by passengers handled (2017) – Eurostat
Rank City All passengers
1 Dubai – International 529,722
2 New York – JFK 478,645
3 Tel Aviv 447,661
4 Singapore 432,473
5 Bangkok – Suvarnabhumi 428,737
6 Hong Kong 383,789
7 Muscat 275,221
8 Newark 264,144
9 Miami 232,922
10 Chicago – O'Hare 208,142

Top airlines

Zurich Airport airlines (2018)
Rank Airlines Percentage
1 SWISS 53.9%
2 Edelweiss Air 5.9%
3 Easyjet 3.4%
4 Eurowings 3.4%

Passenger development

See source Wikidata query and sources.


Zürich Flughafen, the airport's railway station

Train

Zürich Flughafen railway station is located underneath the Airport Centre. The station has frequent Zürich S-Bahn services, plus direct InterRegio, InterCity, and Eurocity services, to many places including Basel, Bern, Biel/Bienne, Brig, Geneva, Konstanz, Lausanne, Lucerne, Munich, Romanshorn, St. Gallen, and Winterthur. There are some 13 trains per hour to Zürich HB (Hauptbahnhof), Zürich's main city centre station, with a journey time of between 9 and 13 minutes. By changing trains there, most other places in Switzerland can be reached in a few hours.

Bus and tram

In front of the Airport Centre is the airport stop of the Stadtbahn Glattal, a light rail system that interworks with the Zürich tram system, together with a regional bus station. Both the bus station and light rail stop provide service to destinations throughout the Glattal region that surrounds the airport, with the light rail stop being served by tram routes 10 and 12. Tram route 10 also provides a link to Zurich Hauptbahnhof, albeit with a rather longer journey time than that of the railway.

Road

The airport is served by the A51 motorway and other main roads, which link to the airport's own road network. Drop-off areas are available by the Airport Centre whilst a total of over 14000 spaces are available in six car parks for short and long term parking. A car hire centre is located in the terminal complex. The airport is served by a fleet of dedicated airport taxis, which operate from taxi ranks in front of the arrival areas. Alternative chauffeur driven airport limousines can be arranged. The airport can legally be reached by bicycle on a regional highway (Flughafenstrasse and Birchstrasse) that branches off national highway 4 (Schaffhausen - Bülach - Zürich - Luzern) just east of the airport and reaches Northwestern Zürich.

The Circle

The Circle, a complex intended to include a medical center, a conference center, shops, restaurants, offices, and hotels, is under construction opposite the Airport Centre. In February 2009, Flughafen Zürich AG (FZAG) launched a three-stage architectural competition for "The Circle at Zurich Airport" development. Around 180,000 square meters of usable space for services were to be built close to the terminals on a 37,000 square meter site. Two hotels and the congress area will occupy around 45,000 square meters, which will be operated by the Hyatt Corporation. At the end of October 2011, FZAG submitted the building application to the town of Kloten, which granted the building permit on 6 March 2012. The groundbreaking ceremony for the superstructure, scheduled for the end of 2013, was postponed until the beginning of 2015. The Circle" is expected to create around 5,000 new jobs, with an investment volume of around CHF 1 billion. The foundation stone was laid on 24 March 2017 and the opening is expected to take place in the first half of 2020; however, even then not all six parts of the building will be ready. In the meantime, it has been announced that the opening will take place in September 2020.

Company headquarters

Several companies have their headquarters on or about the airport. These include Swiss International Air Lines, Swiss World Cargo, Swiss AviationTraining, Edelweiss Air, gategroup, Helvetic Airways, Swissôtel, and Rega. Other companies that were formerly based on the airport include Swissair and Crossair.

Airport fire department

The airport fire brigade is responsible for fire-fighting at Zurich Airport and is on standby around the clock. In the event of an emergency, the brigade must be able to reach any location on the airport grounds, an area of 880 hectares, in no more than three minutes in accordance with international standards. Their vehicles have extremely powerful engines and large-capacity tanks.

The fire service also includes an operations control centre. This not only coordinates the airport's rescue services, but also alerts the fire brigades in the northern part of the canton. A total of 77 fire brigades are deployed from the Operations Control Centre, including 2 professional and 13 base fire brigades. Likewise, the rescue service Schutz und Rettung Zürich Nord, the rescue service Spital Bülach, the rescue service Winterthur and since April 1, 2008, the rescue service of the canton of Schaffhausen are also dispatched. Other tasks of the Operations Control Centre include alerting a large animal rescue service, a personal emergency call and location system and the coordination of the emergency medical service for several municipalities. In addition, 3800 fire alarm criteria are accumulated in the operations control centre. Every year, the operations control centre receives about 150,000 telephone calls.[citation needed]

Until 31 December 2007, the airport fire brigade was officially called the Berufsfeuerwehr Flughafen Zürich (Professional Fire Brigade), and it was constituted as the company fire brigade of Flughafen Zürich AG. On 1 January 2008, the airport fire brigade, together with the rescue service and the operations control centre, was for organizational reasons transferred to the Schutz und Rettung (Protection and Rescue) department of the city of Zurich.

The airport fire brigade records more than 1000 operations per year. In 2004, 260 of these involved incidents involving aircraft, including emergency or safety landings.[citation needed]

Refuelling dispenser, Ramp Safety, Airport Authority and Follow Me

Vehicles that not only cross taxiways and runways reserved for aircraft on the designated roads, but also use them for business purposes, must be equipped with a transponder and radio and can thus be tracked on tracking websites (e.g. Flightradar24). The transponder sign or radio name for the Follow-Me vehicles is Zebra.[citation needed]

In 2014, five companies were licensed for aircraft refuelling at the airport, operating 16 tankers and 28 dispensers.

Rescue service Zurich Airport

The rescue service at Zurich Airport was established around 1982 as the original "fire-fighting ambulance". Its primary purpose was to protect fire-fighting personnel during fire-fighting operations, and secondarily to provide medical care for injured passengers. It was quickly recognised that there was also a steadily growing need for rescue services for the population outside the airport, and often neighbouring hospitals that were able to provide this service could not cope due to capacity bottlenecks, or the corresponding structures were not available in the Zürcher Unterland at the time. When the airport was privatized in 2000 to form the public limited company Unique (Flughafen Zürich AG), the rescue service was then separated from the fire service as a separate division within the Safety&Security department.[citation needed]

In the last year of its existence in 2007, the Rescue Service at Zurich Airport carried out around 5800 missions with 36 paramedics and three trainees. The majority of the operations were carried out in the region around the airport, which at that time comprised 28 contractual communities. There were three ambulances on standby during the day and two ambulances at night, which was carried out in two shifts of twelve hours each. The teams were on duty four times a day (twice a day and twice at night). As a novelty, Zurich Airport Emergency Medical Services consistently applied the amended labor law, i.e. it was one of the few employers to fully credit the working time of twelve hours without deductions ("attendance time"/effective working time).[citation needed]

There was no permanently installed emergency medical system at the airport site. The paramedics are equipped with extended skills that allow the administration of medication according to algorithms. As part of a quality control of the measures carried out, all operations were checked by the Medical Director. At the same time, an annual review of medication and algorithmic knowledge took place. Only after passing the written and practical test was the paramedic authorized to administer medication for another year. If an emergency physician was needed, the resources of the partner organisations REGA (helicopters) or the NEF of "Schutz und Rettung Zürich" could be called upon.[citation needed]

Project SUS After two project studies, Unique (Flughafen Zürich AG) decided in the summer of 2007 to outsource the rescue service together with the operations centre and the professional fire brigade and to sell it to the Schutz und Rettung (Protection and Rescue) department of the city of Zurich for an amount of CHF 22 million. This was also due to the needs of the city of Zurich, as its professional fire brigade in particular had problems meeting the required arrival times with long journeys to the north of the city of Zurich. At the same time, it was possible to avoid the cost-intensive construction of a new base for rescue services and fire brigades in the rapidly growing north. A comprehensive contract was drawn up for the takeover of the entire department, which will be reassessed after ten years. The outsourcing resulted in massive internal restructuring, which replaced the previous organisational form. Since January 1, 2008, the base at the airport has been known as the "Wache Nord". With a strong positive operating result in 2007 and a reduced staffing level as of January 1, 2008, the catchment area of the rescue service expanded to include the northern districts of Zurich Schwamendingen, Seebach and Oerlikon.[citation needed]

  • On November 24, 1951, a Douglas DC-4 of the Israeli El Al (aircraft registration 4X-ADN) on a cargo flight from Rome with textiles on board crashed into a forest three kilometers northeast of Zurich Airport shortly before landing. Six of the seven crew members were killed.
  • On 24 November 1956, an Ilyushin Il-12B of the Czechoslovak airline ČSA (OK-DBP) crashed into an agricultural area 13 kilometres after take-off from Zurich-Kloten airport, only 500 metres from the southern outskirts of Wasterkingen, probably due to engine problems. All 23 passengers and crew members died there.
  • On 4 September 1963, Swissair Flight 306 experienced an in-flight fire shortly after take-off and crashed, killing all 80 people on board.
  • On 18 February 1969, four armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine attacked El Al flight 432 whilst it prepared for takeoff. The aircraft's security guard repelled the attack, resulting in the death of one of the terrorists, whilst the Boeing 720's co-pilot subsequently died of his injuries.
  • On 21 February 1970, a barometrically triggered bomb exploded on Swissair Flight 330 some nine minutes after takeoff from Zurich en route to Tel Aviv and Hong Kong. All 47 occupants were killed. The bombing was attributed to the PFLP-GC.
  • On 18 January 1971, an inbound Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Il-18D approached Zurich Airport in fog below the glideslope. It crashed and burst into flames, 0.7 kilometres (0.43 mi) north of the airport, when both left wingtip and landing gear contacted the ground. Seven crew members and 38 passengers were killed.
  • On 24 November 1990, an Alitalia Douglas DC-9 operating Flight 404 crashed on approach to Zurich, killing all 46 passengers and crew on board.
  • On 10 January 2000, a Crossair Saab 340 operating Flight 498 crashed shortly after takeoff, killing all 10 occupants. The cause of the crash was determined to have been the result of spatial disorientation and pilot errors.
  • On 24 November 2001, a Crossair Avro RJ100 operating Flight 3597 crashed into hills near Bassersdorf while on approach to Zurich. Twenty-four of the 33 people on board were killed.
  • On 15 March 2011, two Swiss A320s received almost simultaneous take-off clearance on the intersecting runways 16 and 28. In response to this serious incident, the Federal Office of Civil Aviation commissioned a comprehensive analysis of the operating procedures.
  • On 27 September 2013 the nose landing gear of a De Havilland DHC-8-400 of Croatia Airlines could not be extended. The aircraft had taken off in Zagreb and was scheduled to land in Zurich. During the landing approach to Zurich Airport the pilots noticed that the nose gear of the aircraft was not extended. They tried for 40 minutes to extend the landing gear completely, but failed. The pilots decided to make an emergency landing in Zurich on runway 14, and none of the 60 passengers were injured in the subsequent landing at 8:17 pm. Runway 14 was then closed until the end of operations. After 15 minutes, air traffic on the two other runways could be resumed as usual.
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Zurich Airport
Zurich Airport Language Watch Edit For other uses see Zurich disambiguation Zurich Airport German Flughafen Zurich IATA ZRH ICAO LSZH is the largest international airport of Switzerland and the principal hub of Swiss International Air Lines It serves Zurich Switzerland s largest city and with its surface transport links much of the rest of the country The airport is located 13 kilometres 8 mi north of central Zurich in the municipalities of Kloten Rumlang Oberglatt Winkel and Opfikon all of which are within the canton of Zurich 3 1 Zurich Airport Flughafen ZurichIATA ZRHICAO LSZHWMO 06670SummaryAirport typePublicOwnerFlughafen Zurich AGServesZurich SwitzerlandLocationKloten Rumlang Oberglatt Winkel and Opfikon 1 Opened14 June 1948 73 years ago 1948 06 14 Hub forEdelweiss Air Swiss International Air LinesFocus city forChair Airlines Condor 2 Helvetic AirwaysElevation AMSL1 416 ft 432 mCoordinates47 27 53 N 008 32 57 E 47 46472 N 8 54917 E 47 46472 8 54917 Coordinates 47 27 53 N 008 32 57 E 47 46472 N 8 54917 E 47 46472 8 54917Websitezurich airport comMapZRHLocation of airport in SwitzerlandShow map of SwitzerlandZRHZRH Europe Show map of EuropeRunwaysDirection Length Surfaceft m10 28 8 202 2 500 Concrete14 32 10 827 3 300 Concrete16 34 12 139 3 700 ConcreteStatistics 2019 Passengers31 538 236Passengers change 18 191 3 Aircraft movements275 396Movements change 18 19 1 1 Contents 1 History 1 1 Early years 1 2 First stage of construction civil engineering 1 3 First stage of construction structural engineering 1 4 The first years of operation 1 5 Second stage of construction 1 6 Extension of the Terminal Building 1 7 Attacks on El Al aircraft 1 8 Third stage of construction 1 9 Fourth stage of construction 1 10 Fifth stage of construction Airport 2000 1 11 Zurich 2010 project 2 Corporate affairs 3 Infrastructure 3 1 Terminal complex 3 1 1 Terminal A 3 1 2 Terminal B 3 1 3 Terminal E 3 2 Runways 4 Airlines and destinations 5 Statistics 5 1 Busiest European routes 5 2 Busiest intercontinental routes 5 3 Top airlines 5 4 Passenger development 6 Ground transportation 6 1 Train 6 2 Bus and tram 6 3 Road 7 Other facilities 7 1 The Circle 7 2 Company headquarters 8 Safety and environment 8 1 Airport fire department 8 2 Refuelling dispenser Ramp Safety Airport Authority and Follow Me 8 3 Rescue service Zurich Airport 9 Accidents and incidents 10 See also 11 References 12 External linksHistory EditEarly years Edit In the Zurich area mixed civil and military air traffic developed from 1909 onwards at Dubendorf airfield northeast of the city From 1919 the airport was home to Swissair s predecessor Ad Astra Aero and from 1932 also to Swissair 4 The first international flight from Switzerland landed on July 21 1921 citation needed where In the early years of aviation the Dubendorf Air Base located some 8 km 5 0 mi to the Zurich Airport also served as the city s commercial airfield The need for a dedicated commercial facility led to the search for a location at which to build a replacement airport 5 In 1939 civil air traffic had to be suspended at the outbreak of the Second World War for military strategic reasons Although Swissair was allowed to resume scheduled air traffic in September 1940 this remained on a modest scale during the war 4 In March 1943 the government of the canton of Zurich commissioned a study to identify possible locations for the construction of a major airport In its report a consortium of engineers and architects led by Locher amp Cie company advised against the previously discussed expansion options at Dubendorf airport and instead recommended a separate civil airport in the partially forested moorland area of the armory situated between Kloten and Oberglatt In August 1943 the Federal Military Department declared its agreement to abandon the armory as a matter of principal in the higher national interest 6 Locher amp Cie submitted Project I to the Government on 31 December 1943 Four runways were planned and together with the buildings the required area was 472 hectares Without the purchase of land the project would have cost 87 million CHF The government found the costs too high and ordered a revision The Project II of 29 April 1944 still provided for an area of 290 hectares and costs of 65 million CHF but the government council demanded a further reduction For Project III of 31 July 1944 54 4 million and 215 hectares were required The project nevertheless met the requirements of an intercontinental airport The Government formally approved it and submitted it to the Federal Government strongly emphasizing that the Zurich project was far superior to the also planned and ultimately abandoned Swiss Central Airport Utzenstorf near Bern 7 8 In December 1944 the responsible Federal Councillor Enrico Celio explicitly spoke out in favour of Zurich Kloten in a letter to his counterparts as did the governments of the cantons of Eastern and Central Switzerland and Ticino a month later The National Council and Council of States followed this view and on 22 June 1945 approved the Federal Decree on the Expansion of Civil Airports Basel Bern and Geneva were to receive smaller continental airports and be supported with a 30 percent share of the costs The Zurich project was granted the status of an intercontinental airport and the highest possible subsidy rate of 35 percent 9 Switzerland s federal parliament decided in 1945 that Zurich was to be the site of a major airport and sold 655 hectares 1 620 acres of the Kloten Bulach Artillery Garrison German Artillerie Waffenplatz Kloten Bulach to the canton of Zurich giving the canton control of the new airfield Construction of the airport began the following year 10 11 Initial plans for the airport as laid out in the Federal government s scheme of 1945 were centered on facilities capable of handling international airline traffic Aircraft of up to 80 tons were envisaged The primary runway was to be designed for use in all weathers and at night with a 400 metre 1 300 ft wide hard surface running to 3 000 metres 9 800 ft in length Additional 100 metre 330 ft areas were to be provided on the shoulders for lateral protection in case of runway excursions Additional domestic runways between 1 000 and 1 400 metres 3 300 and 4 600 ft in length were also to be built 5 First stage of construction civil engineering Edit On 25 February 1946 the Zurich Cantonal Council approved a building loan of 36 8 million The cantonal referendum of 5 May 1946 resulted in a clear approval with 105 705 votes in favour 29 372 against 12 Project IV never came to fruition as it was further developed by adapting it to the ICAO standards which were changing rapidly at the time Instead of four runways the new Project V of 20 May 1946 provided only three Project VI of 9 October 1946 increased the dimensions of all three runways Finally the slightly modified Project VII of 20 December 1947 was realised 13 Within three years the design on the drawing board had completely changed from a purely grass airfield with a four runway system without taxiways to a three runway system with paved taxiways The staggered design meant that it was possible to react to changes without having to impose a complete halt to construction Construction works finally began on 5 May 1946 with the diversion of the Altbach stream The 1900 m long West Runway 10 28 was the first runway which was opened on 14 June 1948 and on which the first Swissair Douglas DC 4 took off for London On behalf of the canton as airport owner Cantonal Councillor Jakob Kagi gave a speech to mark the inauguration of the new runway and the start of provisional flight operations Shortly after on 17 November 1948 the 2600 m long blind runway 16 34 runway with instrument landing system was opened for operation which was attended by the seven members of the cantonal government In the presence of invited guests from politics and the media as well as representatives of the construction companies and airlines the new airport was inaugurated which meant that the relocation of the entire civil flight operations from Dubendorf to Kloten had already been completed and full operation could begin at the new Zurich airport 4 The 1535 m long Bisen runway 02 20 which belonged to the three runway system of 1948 was of little importance Due to the applicable crosswind regulations at that time the runway was designed to face the Bise in order to guarantee the airport s all weather capability However the ICAO increased the crosswind tolerances for aircraft in subsequent revisions to such an extent that the runway was decommissioned after just over ten years First stage of construction structural engineering Edit The character of a provisional solution was supported despite full operation by the lack of buildings especially the Flughof which had been planned since 1946 Instead a growing shanty town stood to the east of the reserved building site 14 On 27 October 1948 the canton outsourced the development construction and operation of the buildings to the newly founded Flughafen Immobilien Gesellschaft FIG a mixed economy public limited company in which the public sector held half of the shares canton of Zurich 22 5 city of Zurich 18 Zurcher Kantonalbank 5 city of Winterthur 3 6 and municipality of Kloten 0 9 15 The FIG took over projects that had been started and was thus able to hand over the completed shipyard I to Swissair for use as early as late autumn 1948 followed by offices for Swissair s technical departments which were finally able to leave Dubendorf by the end of April 1949 Further workshops the striking arched hangar and the Heating Centre I for the heat supply were completed by the end of 1949 14 Based on Project V the terminal building had already been designed as a convex building at the airport head in mid 1946 In the following four years a total of 24 feasible airport project designs were submitted before the FIG commissioned the construction of the airport according to plans by Alfred and Heinrich Oeschger in November 1950 At the beginning of 1951 the piling work for the terminal building began the construction work took about two years With the opening on 9 April 1953 the shanty town could be abandoned 16 The new building consisted of a central passenger wing flanked by a restaurant and an office wing In addition there was a spectator terrace of 200m length 15 The first years of operation Edit As had been expected the construction costs had been significantly exceeded Several metres of raised bog were removed and backfilled with material from the Holberg the concrete area had also increased from the originally planned 420 000 m2 to a good 611 000 m2 In addition the former weapons range area had to be searched for unexploded bombs of which a total of 157 were found The costs for Project IV estimated at CHF 59 5 million in 1946 had risen to CHF 106 million by the time the civil engineering works under Project VII were completed in July 1949 Both chambers of the Federal Assembly concluded the political review with the Federal Decree on the Payment of Additional Federal Contributions to the Construction of Zurich Kloten Airport of 29 September 1949 The Federation contributed CHF 27 1 million and doubled its contribution to the air traffic control facilities For its part the Zurich Cantonal Council granted a supplementary credit on 13 February 1950 This was accepted by the voters on 7 May 1950 with 73 551 votes to 59 088 yes share of 55 45 17 The new terminal opened in 1953 with a large air show that ran three days In 1947 the airport handled 133 638 passengers on 12 766 airline flights in 1952 372 832 passengers on 24 728 airline flights 10 18 Second stage of construction Edit Locher amp Cie was commissioned in 1954 to design various project options for the second construction phase In March 1956 the canton submitted an extended project to the Federal Council In addition to mandatory runway extensions for the incipient jet age the project also provided for the extension of the public facilities which were already overused and dominated by various provisional arrangements two finger docks were to defuse the situation On 12 October 1956 the Federal Council recommended that parliament approve the bill On 19 December 1956 the Council of States approved the federal contribution of CHF 54 8 million at a total cost of 181 8 million the National Council followed suit on 7 March 1957 The contribution of the Canton of Zurich of CHF 74 3 million was still outstanding the rest was to be raised by FIG and Swissair 19 The concrete expansion project included the extension of the blind runway to 4000 m and the western runway to 3150 m as well as the extension of the buildings Opponents described the super airport Kloten as a luxury and criticised that the canton had lost every measure Another issue that planners had completely neglected until then was the aircraft noise With a high turnout of 72 3 the expansion project failed in the cantonal referendum of 23 June 1957 with 97 603 votes to 83 196 no vote of 54 0 20 Just four days later the Zurich government council commissioned a redimensioned expansion project The blind runway was to be only 3700 m long the western runway 2500 m the construction of the finger docks was abandoned Thus the canton s share of the project to be approved was only CHF 49 1 million The government gave far more attention to the aircraft noise On 6 July 1958 voters approved the project by 107 050 votes to 56 872 yes share 65 3 with a 65 6 share Due to time pressure the landing of the first jet aircraft was planned for the following year construction work began without waiting for approval of the federal funding In December 1958 and March 1959 respectively the National Council and the Council of States granted subsidies of 55 6 million 21 In 1959 BOAC started regular flight connections to Zurich with the revised Comet IV while the airport was still a construction site The first buildings were completed in 1960 and the terminal building which had been considered an attractive design lost its symmetrical appearance To the east towards the former shanty town office wing A1 office wing B and the air traffic control building were added with a connecting structure The Fracht West building which had been extended at short notice during construction to provide additional office space was located somewhat off the main building In the hangar area in the southwest Heating Station II was put into operation and the Hangar II which was designed for jet aircraft was handed over to Swissair shortly after the arrival of the Sud Aviation Caravelle III and the Douglas DC 8 32 in May 1960 Finally in the summer of 1961 Swissair s in flight catering service was given a new building between the head of the airport and the hangar area The Canton of Zurich acquired a further 135 hectares of land for the expansion of the civil engineering works which lasted until the beginning of 1961 in parallel with the construction of the buildings The apron areas were enlarged particularly at the airport head and in the hangar area the pier was also extended from 16 to 28 aircraft parking spaces and buses were purchased to provide access to them The west runway 10 28 was extended by 600 metres to the west towards Rumlang and opened on 1 January 1961 with its new operating length of 2500 metres Blind runway 16 34 was extended 400 metres to the south in the direction of Opfikon and 700 metres to the north in the direction of Oberglatt At its new operating length of 3700 m it was released on 15 March 1961 By the time work was completed the paved area at the airport covered 1 013 000 m2 14 Extension of the Terminal Building Edit Although virtually all the buildings of the second phase had been completed by the end of 1961 the extension of the terminal building was still at the design stage After the passenger terminal with two finger docks had failed in the cantonal referendum the FIG had worked out a new project until 1958 This envisaged a two storey transverse hall on the landside of the airport on the two main floors of which arriving and departing passengers were functionally separated For cost reasons the federal government demanded a considerable redimensioning which led to an open dispute about the preferred design When the conflict described by the media as a war of experts threatened to escalate President Willy Spuhler invited representatives of the Federation and the cantons to a conference on 9 December 1963 22 During the conference FIG s airport planners and the Canton of Zurich prevailed against the federal government The canton only had to make concessions for the commercial parts of the project such as the restaurant wing The dispatch of the Federal Council submitted on 1 March 1965 requested a federal contribution of 23 1 million to the total costs of 129 4 million Of this 2 1 million was earmarked for the connection of the airport to the national road network and for the preparation of a connection to the planned but never built Zurich underground railway The National Council and Council of States adopted the bill in October 1965 allowing construction work to begin the following year The motorway loop was in operation from 1968 Finally with the opening of the last new hall wing on 1 April 1971 the extension of the terminal building was completed 23 The first signs of noise mitigation for the airport were in 1972 when a night time curfew was enacted as well as in 1974 when new approach routes were introduced Runway 14 32 was opened in 1976 and 16 34 began renovation 10 Attacks on El Al aircraft Edit Main article El Al Flight 432 attack On 18 February 1969 four armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine PFLP attacked El Al flight 432 firing Kalashnikov assault rifles at the Boeing 720B whilst it prepared for takeoff The Shin Bet employee Mordechai Rachamim fired back with his pistol and killed the terrorist Abdel Mohsen Hassan The three remaining assassins were each sentenced to twelve years in prison The aircraft s co pilot subsequently died of his injuries 24 25 26 The attack marked the beginning of a discussion about airport security that had never been raised until then in Switzerland On 21 February 1970 a parcel bomb exploded in Swissair s Convair CV 990 on flight SR330 Zurich Tel Aviv In the crash near Wurenlingen all 47 people on board were killed Investigations revealed that a PFLP terrorist group had carried out the bomb attack The actual target however had been an El Al flight from Munich to Tel Aviv whose mail had been sent with Swissair to Zurich due to long delays In 1970 the PFLP obtained the release of the three terrorists convicted in Switzerland and other comrades in arms imprisoned abroad through coordinated hijackings Flights affected were SR 100 Zurich New York TWA flight TW741 Pan Am flight PA93 and BOAC flight BA775 27 28 Third stage of construction Edit In January 1969 the Zurich Cantonal Council approved a loan for preparatory work for the third stage of expansion The project that was subsequently drawn up clearly exceeded the previous dimensions The plans included the extension of the existing runways a 3300 m long runway additional taxiways the enlargement of the pier to 47 stands a new terminal with finger dock two multi storey car parks additional technical buildings an airport railway station and a new hangar In addition there were various extensions and conversions of existing buildings The costs were estimated at CHF 777 6 million not including the air traffic control building and railway station Since this project was hardly different from the super airport rejected in 1957 criticism was immediately voiced again by the Protection Association of the Population around Zurich Airport SBFZ and the community of Hori which was located directly in the approach corridor The SBFZ even demanded the resumption of the central airport concept that was dropped in 1945 instead of Utzenstorf this time in the Grosse Moos with two runways jutting into Lake Neuchatel 29 The supporters of the Zurich airport expansion argued primarily with the economic benefit In order to take the wind out of the sails of aircraft noise criticism the government and cantonal council are drafting an aircraft noise law including a ban on night flights which should be submitted to a referendum at the same time as the expansion bill After the Cantonal Council had approved both bills in July 1970 the referendum was held on 27 September 1970 The proposal for expansion was approved by 103 867 votes to 64 192 61 8 yes the Aircraft Noise Act by 134 501 votes to 32 590 80 5 yes The following year the Federal Assembly approved a federal contribution of 240 3 million Construction work on the third stage also began in 1971 In 1973 Hangar III Cargo Hall East Car Park F and the General Aviation Centre were completed In 1974 the Werkhof work yard an office building and multistorey car park E were added in 1975 the apron multi storey car park B and Terminal B with finger dock and in 1976 the Airport Plaza shopping and service centre located in multi storey car park B 30 Additional costs were incurred due to numerous adjustments to the construction project The additional credit of 25 8 million was accepted by Zurich voters on 7 December 1975 with 178 723 to 87 303 votes 67 2 yes 31 The canton supplemented this credit with ordinary and extraordinary budget credits from the building department In March 1976 the Federal Assembly approved an additional federal contribution of 39 7 million 32 As the centrepiece of the third stage runway 14 32 was opened on 1 April 1976 increasing capacity by a third In the early days the new runway served exclusively for landing traffic The rail link which had been approved by parliament in 1975 in a separate federal decree was still outstanding As this was a project of the Swiss Federal Railways SBB the cost allocation differed greatly Of the total costs of 285 million the SBB contributed 60 the Federation 33 and the Canton of Zurich 7 The project comprised the Zurich Airport railway station under Terminal B on which construction had been underway since 1971 and a new line between Bassersdorf and Glattbrugg After nine years of construction the ceremonial opening of the airport line took place on 29 May 1980 33 Fourth stage of construction Edit In the second half of the 1970s the volume of traffic continued to rise sharply so the Canton of Zurich the FIG and Swissair worked out a project for the fourth construction phase On 28 September 1980 with 142 240 to 104 775 votes 57 6 Zurich voters accepted a loan of CHF 48 million for civil engineering works which were part of the forthcoming construction work 14 Also in 1980 the Federal Office of Civil Aviation published a new airport concept which replaced that of 1945 The focus was now on qualitative expansion taking into account spatial planning and environmental protection considerations 34 Based on this concept the Federal Assembly approved the Building Programme 1981 1985 This programme provided for investments of CHF 393 3 million in Zurich Kloten but the subsidy contribution of 10 3 was significantly lower than for the Geneva and Basel Mulhouse airports This was justified by the catch up demand of the two other major Swiss airports 35 The central element of the fourth stage was the finger dock in Terminal A with 13 docking positions Also planned were a new control tower a baggage sorting system an additional multi storey car park waiting rooms and an operations centre for aircraft crews Later the Zurich government council also decided to renew the damaged western runway which had to be closed for two and a half months in the summer of 1985 for this purpose Fingerdock A was put into operation on 1 November 1985 the new 41 m high control tower on 29 April 1986 36 14 There were also plans to expand the airport s cargo facilities However a corresponding loan of CHF 57 million was narrowly rejected in the referendum of 6 September 1987 by 106 722 to 98 663 votes 52 0 against 31 The project which was subsequently revised and approved by the Zurich Cantonal Council in 1989 focused on more efficient use of the existing facilities thereby enabling the handling of an additional 100 000 tonnes of freight annually 14 Fifth stage of construction Airport 2000 Edit The cantonal popular initiative for moderate air traffic submitted in January 1991 intended to limit the airport to its then status i e neither to allow more aircraft movements nor to expand the infrastructure In the vote of 26 September 1993 however it did not stand a chance and was clearly rejected by 235 531 votes to 112 476 67 6 31 Nine months later the Zurich cantonal government submitted a proposal for a loan of CHF 873 million to the cantonal council The fifth construction phase known as Airport 2000 and costing a total of CHF 2 4 billion was intended to replace outdated systems and further expand existing facilities At the heart of the project was the construction of a third terminal Dock E Midfield located between the three runways The Skymetro aerial tramway a road tunnel and underground baggage conveyors were necessary for its development Also part of the fifth stage was the construction of the new passenger hub Airside Center The Cantonal Council approved the project at the end of February 1995 14 It cleared the last hurdle in the referendum of 25 June 1995 when it was approved by 224 668 votes to 105 859 68 0 Yes 31 After almost nine years of construction the project was completed in 2004 Zurich 2010 project Edit The next major event for the airport was in 1999 when the Parliament of the canton of Zurich approved privatization of Zurich Airport The following year Flughafen Zurich AG trading under the brand Unique became the new airport operator The company dropped the brand Unique in favour of Zurich Airport and Flughafen Zurich in 2010 10 37 On 2 October 2001 a major cash flow crisis at Swissair exacerbated by the global downturn in air travel caused by the September 11 attacks caused the airline to ground all its flights Although a government rescue plan permitted some flights to restart a few days later and the airline s assets were subsequently sold to become Swiss International Air Lines the airport lost a large volume of traffic After Lufthansa took control of Swiss International Air Lines in 2005 traffic began to grow again On 18 October 2001 Germany and Switzerland signed a treaty regarding the limitation of flights over Germany Under the terms of this treaty any incoming aircraft after 22 00 had to approach Zurich from the east to land on runway 28 which unlike the airport s other runways was not equipped with an instrument landing system A month later at 22 06 on 24 November an inbound Crossair Avro RJ100 using this approach in conditions of poor visibility crashed into a range of hills near Bassersdorf and exploded killing 24 of the 33 people on board The flight had originally been scheduled to land on runway 14 before 22 00 but it was subject to delay and was therefore diverted to runway 28 10 38 Zurich Airport completed a major expansion project in 2003 in which it built a new parking garage a new midfield terminal and an automated underground people mover to link the midfield terminal to the main terminal In November 2008 a complete renovation and rebuild of the old terminal B structure was announced The new terminal B opened in November 2011 and provides segregated access to and from aircraft for Schengen and non Schengen passengers 39 Zurich Airport handled 25 5 million passengers in 2014 up 2 5 percent from 2013 40 Etihad Regional ceased on 18 February 2015 to fly two thirds of its scheduled routes without further notice amongst them all its services from Zurich except the domestic service to Geneva 41 42 43 Etihad Regional blamed the failure of its expansion on the behavior of competitors especially Swiss International Air Lines as well as the Swiss aviation authorities 42 As a consequence of the bombings in Brussels on 22 March 2016 which caused the temporary closure of Brussels Airport Brussels Airlines stationed three Airbus A330s at Zurich Airport to offer flights to several African countries for the duration of the closure 44 Following the demolition of some office buildings the construction of the new baggage sorting facilities between the Operations Center and Terminal 1 began in spring 2018 with a total investment of CHF 500 million As of 2020 the marketing of all advertising space at the airport was transferred from Clear Channel to APG 45 The main Terminal 1 will be completely rebuilt including the tower of the Skyguide Air Traffic Control Construction is scheduled to begin in 2021 with completion expected in 2030 In addition to the old building fabric the expected growth in passenger numbers is the main reason for the pending construction work The forecasts suggest that the number of passengers arriving departing or transferring at Zurich Airport each year today will grow from 29 million today to 50 million by 2030 says the airport operator s personnel booklet 46 Corporate affairs EditThe airport is owned by Flughafen Zurich AG a company quoted on the SIX Swiss Exchange Major shareholders include the canton of Zurich with 33 33 plus one of the shares and the city of Zurich with 5 of the shares No other shareholder has a holding exceeding 3 47 Flughafen Zurich AG used the brand name Unique from 2000 until 2010 48 The company has stakes in various other airports around the world Infrastructure Edit Terminal A for domestic and Schengen destinations The Airside Center by night Terminal E Terminal complex Edit The airport has three airside piers which are known as terminals A B and E also signposted as Gates A B D and E These are linked to a central air side building called Airside Center built in 2003 Alongside the Airside Center the ground side terminal complex named Airport Center comprises several buildings and includes airline check in areas a shopping mall a railway station car parks and a bus and tram terminal All departing passengers access the same departure level of the Airside Center which includes duty free shopping and various bars and restaurants via airport security They are then segregated between passengers for Schengen and non Schengen destinations on the way to the gate lounges with the latter first passing through emigration controls Arriving Schengen and non Schengen passengers are handled in separate areas of the Airside Center and reach it by different routes with non Schengen passengers first passing through immigration controls 49 50 The three airside terminals are Terminal A Edit Terminal A contains gates prefixed A It opened in 1971 and it is used exclusively by flights to and from destinations inside the Schengen Area including domestic flights within Switzerland Since its expansion in 1982 1985 it takes the form of a finger pier directly connected at one end to the Airside Centre 10 49 Terminal A was scheduled to be torn down and replaced by an entirely new facility from 2021 51 However in the wake of the COVID 19 pandemic the start of the project has been postponed for at least three years 52 Terminal B Edit Terminal B contains gates prefixed B and D It opened in 1975 and reopened in November 2011 after an extensive three year reconstruction Like terminal A it takes the form of a finger pier directly connected at one end to the Airside Centre Since reconstruction it can accommodate both Schengen and non Schengen flights at the same gates Each gate has two numbers one prefixed B and the other D but with different passenger routes to and from the gates to separate the flows of Schengen and non Schengen passengers 10 49 53 Terminal E Edit Terminal E contains gates prefixed E and is also known as the midfield terminal or Dock E It is a stand alone satellite terminal located on the opposite side of runway 10 28 from the Airside Center and is situated between runways 16 34 and 14 32 It is entirely used by non Schengen international flights and became operational and was opened on September 1 2003 It is connected to the Airside Center by the Skymetro an automated underground people mover 10 49 Runways Edit Zurich Airport has three runways 16 34 of 3 700 m 12 100 ft in length 14 32 of 3 300 m 10 800 ft in length and 10 28 of 2 500 m 8 200 ft in length For most of the day and in most conditions runway 14 is used for landings and runways 16 and 28 are used for takeoffs although different patterns are used early morning and in the evenings 54 Airlines and destinations EditThe following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Zurich Airport 55 AirlinesDestinationsAegean AirlinesAthens Thessaloniki 56 Seasonal Heraklion Mykonos 56 RhodesAer LingusDublinAeroflotMoscow SheremetyevoAir CairoSeasonal Hurghada 57 Air CanadaToronto Pearson Seasonal VancouverAir EuropaMadridAir FranceParis Charles de GaulleAir MaltaMaltaAir SerbiaBelgradeairBalticRigaAlMasria Universal AirlinesSeasonal charter Hurghada 58 American AirlinesPhiladelphiaAnadoluJetIstanbul Sabiha Gokcen 59 Seasonal Antalya 59 Austrian AirlinesViennaBH AirSeasonal Burgas VarnaBritish AirwaysLondon City London Heathrow Seasonal charter EdinburghBulgaria AirSofiaCathay PacificHong KongChair AirlinesBeirut Hurghada Marsa Alam Ohrid Pristina Skopje Seasonal Corfu Heraklion Ibiza Kos Larnaca Mykonos begins 22 May 2022 60 Olbia Palma de Mallorca Rhodes Split 61 ZakynthosCondorSeasonal Gran Canaria 62 Heraklion 62 Kos 62 Larnaca 62 Olbia 62 Palma de Mallorca 62 Rhodes 62 Split 63 Tenerife South 62 Corendon AirlinesSeasonal Antalya Bodrum begins 2 May 2022 64 Croatia AirlinesZagreb Seasonal Dubrovnik Pula Split Seasonal charter RijekaCyprus AirwaysSeasonal LarnacaDelta Air LinesNew York JFKeasyJetBerlin London Gatwick London Luton PortoEdelweiss AirBuenos Aires Ezeiza resumes 2 October 2022 65 Cancun Catania Faro Fuerteventura Funchal Gran Canaria Havana Hurghada Lamezia Terme Lanzarote Marsa Alam Mauritius Palma de Mallorca Pristina Punta Cana San Jose de Costa Rica Skopje Tampa Tenerife South Seasonal Agadir Antalya Bodrum Cagliari Calgary Cape Town Chania Colombo Bandaranaike Corfu Dalaman Dar es Salaam Denver Djerba Dubrovnik Edinburgh Figari 66 Heraklion Ho Chi Minh City Ibiza Jerez de la Frontera Kalamata Kilimanjaro Kos La Palma Larnaca Las Vegas Liberia CR begins 28 November 2021 67 Mahe Male Marrakesh Menorca Montego Bay Muscat 68 Mykonos Newquay 69 Ohrid Olbia Orlando Paphos Phuket Preveza 69 Puerto Plata Pula Rhodes Rio de Janeiro Galeao Sal 70 Samos San Diego Santiago de Compostela 71 Santorini Seville Sharm El Sheikh 70 Skiathos 69 Split Tivat 69 Vancouver Varadero Varna Zakynthos Zanzibar Seasonal charter Kittila 72 Rovaniemi TromsoEl AlTel AvivEmiratesDubai InternationalEtihad AirwaysAbu DhabiEurowingsCologne Bonn Dusseldorf Hamburg Seasonal Palma de MallorcaFinnairHelsinkiFlyEgyptSeasonal charter Hurghada 58 Hainan AirlinesShenzhenHelvetic AirwaysCharter Hurghada Pristina Trieste Seasonal charter Kittila Heraklion Kos Larnaca Palma de MallorcaIberiaMadridIcelandairReykjavik KeflavikIsrair AirlinesSeasonal Tel AvivITA AirwaysRome Fiumicino 73 KLMAmsterdamKorean AirSeasonal Seoul IncheonLOT Polish AirlinesWarsaw ChopinLufthansaFrankfurt MunichOman AirMuscatPegasus AirlinesIstanbul Sabiha GokcenQatar AirwaysDohaRoyal JordanianAmman Queen AliaScandinavian AirlinesCopenhagen Oslo Stockholm ArlandaSingapore AirlinesSingaporeSunExpressAnkara Antalya Dalaman Gaziantep IzmirSwiss International Air LinesAmsterdam Athens Bangkok Suvarnabhumi Barcelona Beijing Daxing Belgrade Berlin 74 Bilbao Birmingham Bordeaux Boston Bremen Brindisi Brussels Bucharest Budapest Cairo Chicago O Hare Copenhagen Dar es Salaam Delhi Dresden Dubai International Dublin Dusseldorf Florence Frankfurt Gdansk Geneva Gothenburg Gran Canaria Graz Hamburg Hanover Hong Kong Johannesburg O R Tambo Krakow Kyiv Boryspil Lisbon Ljubljana London City London Heathrow Los Angeles Luxembourg Madrid Malaga Manchester Marseille Miami Milan Malpensa Montreal Trudeau Moscow Domodedovo Mumbai Munich Nairobi Jomo Kenyatta Naples Newark New York JFK Nice Nuremberg Oslo Palma de Mallorca Paris Charles de Gaulle Porto Prague Rome Fiumicino Saint Petersburg San Francisco Sao Paulo Guarulhos Sarajevo Shanghai Pudong Singapore Stockholm Arlanda Stuttgart Tallinn 75 Tel Aviv Thessaloniki Tirana Tokyo Narita Valencia Venice Vienna Warsaw Chopin Wroclaw Seasonal Alicante Bari Beirut begins 2 December 2021 76 Bergen Billund 75 Chania Corfu Cork Figari Heraklion Kefalonia Kos Malta Mykonos Nis 77 Palermo Rhodes Samos Santorini Sylt ZakynthosTailwind AirlinesSeasonal charter AntalyaTAP Air PortugalLisbon Seasonal PortoThai AirwaysBangkok Suvarnabhumi Seasonal PhuketTunisairDjerba Tunis Seasonal EnfidhaTurkish AirlinesIstanbul Seasonal GaziantepTwin JetLyonUkraine International AirlinesKyiv BoryspilUnited AirlinesChicago O Hare begins 24 April 2022 78 Newark Washington Dulles Seasonal San FranciscoVuelingAlicante Barcelona Lanzarote Malaga Palma de Mallorca Santiago de CompostelaStatistics EditBusiest European routes Edit Zurich Airport statistics from 1982 to 2014 including passengers transfer passengers flights handled and freight in metric tons Zurich Airport in 1956 Zurich Airport with the Swiss Alps visible in the background Interior view of the landside area View of runway 14 Swiss International Air Lines maintains its hub at Zurich Airport Busiest routes at Zurich Airport 2016 79 Rank City Total departing passengers1 London 888 8762 Berlin 508 5893 Vienna 492 9684 Dusseldorf 403 7595 Amsterdam 402 9226 Frankfurt 330 3267 Paris 322 1888 Barcelona 318 0509 Hamburg 300 52610 Madrid 290 174Busiest intercontinental routes Edit Busiest intercontinental routes by passengers handled 2017 Eurostat 80 Rank City All passengers1 Dubai International 529 7222 New York JFK 478 6453 Tel Aviv 447 6614 Singapore 432 4735 Bangkok Suvarnabhumi 428 7376 Hong Kong 383 7897 Muscat 275 2218 Newark 264 1449 Miami 232 92210 Chicago O Hare 208 142Top airlines Edit Zurich Airport airlines 2018 81 Rank Airlines Percentage1 SWISS 53 9 2 Edelweiss Air 5 9 3 Easyjet 3 4 4 Eurowings 3 4 Passenger development Edit See source Wikidata query and sources Ground transportation Edit Zurich Flughafen the airport s railway station Train Edit Zurich Flughafen railway station is located underneath the Airport Centre The station has frequent Zurich S Bahn services plus direct InterRegio InterCity and Eurocity services to many places including Basel Bern Biel Bienne Brig Geneva Konstanz Lausanne Lucerne Munich Romanshorn St Gallen and Winterthur There are some 13 trains per hour to Zurich HB Hauptbahnhof Zurich s main city centre station with a journey time of between 9 and 13 minutes By changing trains there most other places in Switzerland can be reached in a few hours 82 83 Bus and tram Edit In front of the Airport Centre is the airport stop of the Stadtbahn Glattal a light rail system that interworks with the Zurich tram system together with a regional bus station Both the bus station and light rail stop provide service to destinations throughout the Glattal region that surrounds the airport with the light rail stop being served by tram routes 10 and 12 Tram route 10 also provides a link to Zurich Hauptbahnhof albeit with a rather longer journey time than that of the railway 84 Road Edit The airport is served by the A51 motorway and other main roads which link to the airport s own road network Drop off areas are available by the Airport Centre whilst a total of over 14000 spaces are available in six car parks for short and long term parking A car hire centre is located in the terminal complex 85 86 87 The airport is served by a fleet of dedicated airport taxis which operate from taxi ranks in front of the arrival areas Alternative chauffeur driven airport limousines can be arranged 88 The airport can legally be reached by bicycle on a regional highway Flughafenstrasse and Birchstrasse that branches off national highway 4 Schaffhausen Bulach Zurich Luzern just east of the airport and reaches Northwestern Zurich Other facilities EditThe Circle Edit The Circle a complex intended to include a medical center a conference center shops restaurants offices and hotels is under construction opposite the Airport Centre 89 90 91 In February 2009 Flughafen Zurich AG FZAG launched a three stage architectural competition for The Circle at Zurich Airport development Around 180 000 square meters of usable space for services were to be built close to the terminals on a 37 000 square meter site Two hotels and the congress area will occupy around 45 000 square meters which will be operated by the Hyatt Corporation At the end of October 2011 FZAG submitted the building application to the town of Kloten which granted the building permit on 6 March 2012 The groundbreaking ceremony for the superstructure scheduled for the end of 2013 was postponed until the beginning of 2015 The Circle is expected to create around 5 000 new jobs with an investment volume of around CHF 1 billion The foundation stone was laid on 24 March 2017 92 and the opening is expected to take place in the first half of 2020 however even then not all six parts of the building will be ready 93 In the meantime it has been announced that the opening will take place in September 2020 94 Company headquarters Edit Several companies have their headquarters on or about the airport These include Swiss International Air Lines 95 Swiss World Cargo 96 Swiss AviationTraining 97 Edelweiss Air 98 gategroup 99 Helvetic Airways 100 Swissotel 101 and Rega 102 Other companies that were formerly based on the airport include Swissair 103 and Crossair 104 Safety and environment EditAirport fire department Edit The airport fire brigade is responsible for fire fighting at Zurich Airport and is on standby around the clock In the event of an emergency the brigade must be able to reach any location on the airport grounds an area of 880 hectares in no more than three minutes in accordance with international standards Their vehicles have extremely powerful engines and large capacity tanks 105 The fire service also includes an operations control centre This not only coordinates the airport s rescue services but also alerts the fire brigades in the northern part of the canton A total of 77 fire brigades are deployed from the Operations Control Centre including 2 professional and 13 base fire brigades Likewise the rescue service Schutz und Rettung Zurich Nord the rescue service Spital Bulach the rescue service Winterthur 106 and since April 1 2008 the rescue service of the canton of Schaffhausen are also dispatched Other tasks of the Operations Control Centre include alerting a large animal rescue service a personal emergency call and location system and the coordination of the emergency medical service for several municipalities In addition 3800 fire alarm criteria are accumulated in the operations control centre Every year the operations control centre receives about 150 000 telephone calls citation needed Until 31 December 2007 the airport fire brigade was officially called the Berufsfeuerwehr Flughafen Zurich Professional Fire Brigade and it was constituted as the company fire brigade of Flughafen Zurich AG On 1 January 2008 the airport fire brigade together with the rescue service and the operations control centre was for organizational reasons transferred to the Schutz und Rettung Protection and Rescue department of the city of Zurich 107 The airport fire brigade records more than 1000 operations per year In 2004 260 of these involved incidents involving aircraft including emergency or safety landings citation needed Refuelling dispenser Ramp Safety Airport Authority and Follow Me Edit Vehicles that not only cross taxiways and runways reserved for aircraft on the designated roads but also use them for business purposes must be equipped with a transponder and radio and can thus be tracked on tracking websites e g Flightradar24 The transponder sign or radio name for the Follow Me vehicles is Zebra citation needed In 2014 five companies were licensed for aircraft refuelling at the airport operating 16 tankers and 28 dispensers 108 Rescue service Zurich Airport Edit The rescue service at Zurich Airport was established around 1982 as the original fire fighting ambulance Its primary purpose was to protect fire fighting personnel during fire fighting operations and secondarily to provide medical care for injured passengers It was quickly recognised that there was also a steadily growing need for rescue services for the population outside the airport and often neighbouring hospitals that were able to provide this service could not cope due to capacity bottlenecks or the corresponding structures were not available in the Zurcher Unterland at the time When the airport was privatized in 2000 to form the public limited company Unique Flughafen Zurich AG the rescue service was then separated from the fire service as a separate division within the Safety amp Security department citation needed In the last year of its existence in 2007 the Rescue Service at Zurich Airport carried out around 5800 missions with 36 paramedics and three trainees The majority of the operations were carried out in the region around the airport which at that time comprised 28 contractual communities There were three ambulances on standby during the day and two ambulances at night which was carried out in two shifts of twelve hours each The teams were on duty four times a day twice a day and twice at night As a novelty Zurich Airport Emergency Medical Services consistently applied the amended labor law i e it was one of the few employers to fully credit the working time of twelve hours without deductions attendance time effective working time citation needed There was no permanently installed emergency medical system at the airport site The paramedics are equipped with extended skills that allow the administration of medication according to algorithms As part of a quality control of the measures carried out all operations were checked by the Medical Director At the same time an annual review of medication and algorithmic knowledge took place Only after passing the written and practical test was the paramedic authorized to administer medication for another year If an emergency physician was needed the resources of the partner organisations REGA helicopters or the NEF of Schutz und Rettung Zurich could be called upon citation needed Project SUS After two project studies Unique Flughafen Zurich AG decided in the summer of 2007 to outsource the rescue service together with the operations centre and the professional fire brigade and to sell it to the Schutz und Rettung Protection and Rescue department of the city of Zurich for an amount of CHF 22 million This was also due to the needs of the city of Zurich as its professional fire brigade in particular had problems meeting the required arrival times with long journeys to the north of the city of Zurich At the same time it was possible to avoid the cost intensive construction of a new base for rescue services and fire brigades in the rapidly growing north A comprehensive contract was drawn up for the takeover of the entire department which will be reassessed after ten years The outsourcing resulted in massive internal restructuring which replaced the previous organisational form Since January 1 2008 the base at the airport has been known as the Wache Nord With a strong positive operating result in 2007 and a reduced staffing level as of January 1 2008 the catchment area of the rescue service expanded to include the northern districts of Zurich Schwamendingen Seebach and Oerlikon citation needed Accidents and incidents EditOn November 24 1951 a Douglas DC 4 of the Israeli El Al aircraft registration 4X ADN on a cargo flight from Rome with textiles on board crashed into a forest three kilometers northeast of Zurich Airport shortly before landing Six of the seven crew members were killed 109 On 24 November 1956 an Ilyushin Il 12B of the Czechoslovak airline CSA OK DBP crashed into an agricultural area 13 kilometres after take off from Zurich Kloten airport only 500 metres from the southern outskirts of Wasterkingen probably due to engine problems All 23 passengers and crew members died there 110 111 On 4 September 1963 Swissair Flight 306 experienced an in flight fire shortly after take off and crashed killing all 80 people on board On 18 February 1969 four armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine attacked El Al flight 432 whilst it prepared for takeoff The aircraft s security guard repelled the attack resulting in the death of one of the terrorists whilst the Boeing 720 s co pilot subsequently died of his injuries 26 On 21 February 1970 a barometrically triggered bomb exploded on Swissair Flight 330 some nine minutes after takeoff from Zurich en route to Tel Aviv and Hong Kong All 47 occupants were killed The bombing was attributed to the PFLP GC 112 On 18 January 1971 an inbound Balkan Bulgarian Airlines Il 18D approached Zurich Airport in fog below the glideslope It crashed and burst into flames 0 7 kilometres 0 43 mi north of the airport when both left wingtip and landing gear contacted the ground Seven crew members and 38 passengers were killed 113 On 24 November 1990 an Alitalia Douglas DC 9 operating Flight 404 crashed on approach to Zurich killing all 46 passengers and crew on board On 10 January 2000 a Crossair Saab 340 operating Flight 498 crashed shortly after takeoff killing all 10 occupants The cause of the crash was determined to have been the result of spatial disorientation and pilot errors 114 On 24 November 2001 a Crossair Avro RJ100 operating Flight 3597 crashed into hills near Bassersdorf while on approach to Zurich Twenty four of the 33 people on board were killed 10 38 On 15 March 2011 two Swiss A320s received almost simultaneous take off clearance on the intersecting runways 16 and 28 115 In response to this serious incident the Federal Office of Civil Aviation commissioned a comprehensive analysis of the operating procedures 116 On 27 September 2013 the nose landing gear of a De Havilland DHC 8 400 of Croatia Airlines could not be extended The aircraft had taken off in Zagreb and was scheduled to land in Zurich During the landing approach to Zurich Airport the pilots noticed that the nose gear of the aircraft was not extended They tried for 40 minutes to extend the landing gear completely but failed The pilots decided to make an emergency landing in Zurich on runway 14 and none of the 60 passengers were injured in the subsequent landing at 8 17 pm Runway 14 was then closed until the end of operations After 15 minutes air traffic on the two other runways could be resumed as usual 117 See also EditTransport in SwitzerlandReferences Edit a b Glider Map Map Zurich Airport 1 300 000 National Map 1 100 000 Wabern Switzerland Federal Office of Topography swisstopo 2019 ISBN 978 3 302 06014 9 Retrieved 19 May 2019 via map geo admin ch Drum Bruce 31 October 2020 Condor will fly from Zurich to the most popular vacation destinations in summer 2021 Das Geografische Informationssystem des Kantons Zurich The Geographical Information System of the canton of Zurich in German Amt fur Raumentwicklung Zurich Retrieved 29 June 2017 a b c Fehr Sandro 12 October 2012 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Zurich Chronos Verlag pp 95 99 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 9 July 2020 a b Bell E A 10 May 1945 Swiss Planning Flight and Aircraft Engineer Royal Aero Club XLVII 1898 501 Retrieved 5 July 2016 Fehr Sandro 12 October 2012 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Zurich Chronos Verlag pp 126 127 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 9 July 2020 Michael von Ledebur 16 June 2018 Deshalb fliegen wir ab Kloten und nicht ab Utzenstorf Neue Zurcher Zeitung Retrieved 9 July 2020 Fehr Sandro 12 October 2012 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Zurich Chronos Verlag pp 128 129 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 9 July 2020 Fehr Sandro 12 October 2012 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Zurich Chronos Verlag pp 136 138 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 9 July 2020 a b c d e f g h i Airport History Zurich Airport Archived from the original on 21 June 2012 Retrieved 27 August 2012 City of Dubendorf History Stadt Dubendorf Retrieved 10 June 2015 Fehr Sandro 6 June 2016 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag p 166 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 24 July 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 168 169 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 24 July 2020 a b c d e f g Die Geschichte des Flughafen Zurich ZRH Spotter Retrieved 28 July 2020 a b Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag p 170 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 28 July 2020 Aus engen Baracken in lichte Hallen Neue Zuricher Zeitung 9 April 2003 Retrieved 28 July 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 171 172 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 7 August 2020 Unk American Aviation 16 35 3 August 1953 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 212 214 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 11 August 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 214 215 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 11 August 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 216 217 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 12 August 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 225 226 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 21 August 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 226 227 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 21 August 2020 Freie Hand Der Spiegel 24 February 1969 Retrieved 23 October 2020 Gerhard Mauz 29 December 1969 Bevor das en Salat git Der Spiegel Retrieved 23 October 2020 a b Accident description for 4X ABB at the Aviation Safety Network Retrieved on 1 May 2015 Entfuhrung einer Swissair DC 8 nach Zerqa Neue Zuricher Zeitung 5 September 2005 Retrieved 26 October 2020 Suter Meinrad 2004 Kantonspolizei Zurich 1804 2004 Zurich Kantonspolizei Zurich und Staatsarchiv des Kantons Zurich ISBN 3 033 00060 6 Retrieved 26 October 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 247 249 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 26 July 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 250 252 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 28 August 2020 a b c d Abstimmungsdatenbank Stadt Zurich Retrieved 1 September 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag p 252 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 1 September 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 253 254 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 1 September 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 269 270 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 3 September 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 272 274 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 3 September 2020 Fehr Sandro 2014 Die Erschliessung der dritten Dimension PDF Chronos Verlag pp 274 276 ISBN 978 3 0340 1228 7 Retrieved 3 September 2020 New name for Zurich Airport PDF Lifestyle amp Shopping Magazine Winter 2009 2010 Flughafen Zurich p 11 Retrieved 18 June 2013 permanent dead link a b Accident description for HB IXM at the Aviation Safety Network Retrieved on 1 May 2015 Dock B Zurich Airport Archived from the original on 4 April 2012 Retrieved 17 June 2013 Zurich airport passenger count hits new record The Local 14 January 2014 Retrieved 29 June 2017 Etihad Regional points finger at SWISS Lufthansa as airline drops four routes Anna aero 28 January 2015 Retrieved 28 January 2015 a b Etihad Regional streicht erneut Fluge Etihad Regional will again take flight austrianaviation net in German Retrieved 29 June 2017 Etihad Regional zieht aus Zurich ab Etihad Regional departs from Zurich aeroTELEGRAPH 18 February 2015 Retrieved 29 June 2017 Mutzabaugh Ben 28 March 2016 Brussels Airport closed at least through Tuesday likely longer USA Today Retrieved 29 June 2017 APG wird Vermarktungspartnerin des Flughafens Zurich persoenlich com 27 June 2019 Retrieved 1 October 2020 Benjamin Weinmann 14 February 2018 Fur mehr Passagiere Flughafen Zurich plant Mega Bauprojekt Aargauer Zeitung Retrieved 1 October 2020 Corporate governance PDF Zurich Airport Retrieved 13 February 2014 Flughafen Zurich statt Unique Zurich airport instead of Unique Neue Zurcher Zeitung in German 12 April 2010 Retrieved 14 January 2015 a b c d Site Plans Zurich Airport Retrieved 1 October 2014 Information for transfer passengers PDF Zurich Airport Archived from the original PDF on 2 November 2013 Retrieved 17 June 2013 tagesanzeiger ch Flughafen Zurich Bau von Riesen Terminal beginnt 2021 14 February 2018 swissinfo ch German 15 January 2021 Stucki Sonja Zochling 11 April 2012 Zurich Airport European Central Airport Focus International Retrieved 29 June 2017 Spotting at ZRH planephotos ch Archived from the original on 30 December 2013 Retrieved 18 June 2013 Airlines Flughafen Zuerich Zurich Airport a b Aegean Airlines reveals 33 routes for summer 2021 anna aero 20 November 2020 Air Cairo flies from Dusseldorf Frankfurt and Zurich to Hurghada aerotelegraph com 16 December 2020 a b Cite web url http abouttravel ch wp content uploads 2016 09 14 361 Holiday Flights Front pdf 7Carchive url https web archive org web 20161024034422 http abouttravel ch wp content uploads 2016 09 14 361 Holiday Flights Front pdf 7Ctitle Holiday Flights Winter 2016 17 url status dead archive date October 24 2016 date Oct 24 2016 access date Mar 25 2019 better source needed a b Fly with Most Affordable and Cheap Ticket Opportunities AnadoluJet www anadolujet com better source needed https centreforaviation com news chair to add mykonos under summer 2022 schedule add capacity to palma de mallorca and ibiza 1095114 Chair Airlines announces new route to Split Avioradar Retrieved 6 November 2020 a b c d e f g h In summer 2021 Condor will fly from Zurich to the most popular vacation destinations condor newsroom condor com 29 October 2020 NEU MIT CONDOR AB ZURICH AN DIE TOP FERIENZIELE Travel News CH Retrieved 29 October 2020 https www corendonairlines com book and manage book a flight Flights from ZRH to EZE flyedelweiss com 8 October 2021 Edelweiss announces new routes airliners de 6 March 2020 https qcostarica com edelweiss will fly for the first time to guanacaste from switzerland Liu Jim Edelweiss Air files preliminary Muscat service from Nov 2020 Routesonline Retrieved 29 September 2020 a b c d Vier neue Sommerziele fur Edelweiss Travelnews 31 March 2021 a b Liu Jim Edelweiss Air adds 3 African routes in 4Q20 Routesonline Retrieved 27 August 2020 Neue Ziele fur Edelweiss 16 Fluge von und nach Santiago de Compostela 21 November 2019 Kittila Edelweiss Air www flyedelweiss com https www itaspa com en it fly ita ita world network html Saunders Eddie 4 March 2020 SWISS to switch Berlin services to new Brandenburg Airport Airline Routes and Ground Services Retrieved 31 October 2020 a b Newsroom SWISS to expand schedules from mid summer onwards swiss newsmarket com https italiavola com 2021 10 11 swiss iniziera il servizio su beirut e operato da edelweiss Swiss schedules Nis holiday flights www exyuaviation com Retrieved 3 November 2020 https www internationalairportreview com news 165435 united plans largest transatlantic expansion new flights destinations 2022 Luftverkehr Linien und Charterverkehr Jahresresultate 2016 Air transport scheduled and charter services annual results 2016 in German Federal Office for Statistics Retrieved 22 April 2016 Eurostat Database search for avia par ch Erstmals mehr als 31 Millionen Passagiere Zurich Airport News Center 10 January 2019 Retrieved 7 March 2019 Der Verkehrsanteil von Swiss International Air Lines betrug 53 9 gefolgt von Edelweiss Air 5 9 Easyjet 3 4 und Eurowings 3 4 Swiss Federal Railways Zurich Airport Retrieved 1 May 2015 Departure posters and pocket timetables Zurich Flughafen Swiss Federal Railways 2019 Retrieved 19 May 2019 Regional transport Zurich Airport Retrieved 1 May 2015 Dropping off amp collecting Zurich Airport Retrieved 1 May 2015 Parking for shopping amp visitors Zurich Airport Retrieved 4 December 2017 Car hire Zurich Airport Retrieved 1 May 2015 Taxis amp limousines Zurich Airport Retrieved 1 May 2015 The circle zurich airport com Archived from the original on 14 March 2018 Retrieved 12 May 2018 The Circle at Zurich Airport thecircle ch Archived from the original on 23 September 2015 Retrieved 18 June 2015 Japanese architect wins Zurich Airport s The Circle contest Tages Anzeiger 2 November 2010 Archived from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Alois Feusi 24 March 2017 Das Niederdorf des 21 Jahrhunderts Neue Zuricher Zeitung Retrieved 6 October 2020 Michael von Ledebur 15 February 2018 Der Circle wird spater fertig Neue Zuricher Zeitung Retrieved 6 October 2020 Beat Pahud 3 January 2020 Wir konnen nicht alle Flachen bis zur Eroffnung vermieten SRF Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen Retrieved 6 October 2020 Zurich PDF Swiss International Air Lines Archived PDF from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Swiss World Cargo Corporate office Swiss International Air Lines Archived from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Legal Swiss AviationTraining AG Archived from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Company Edelweiss Air AG Archived from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Contact Details gategroup Archived from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Imprint Helvetic Airways Archived from the original on 29 April 2011 Retrieved 6 November 2009 Contact Us Swissotel Archived from the original on 12 October 2015 Retrieved 12 October 2015 Rega Centre REGA Archived from the original on 15 March 2014 Retrieved 16 March 2014 facts amp figures Swissair Archived from the original on 1 December 2001 Retrieved 13 June 2009 World Airline Directory Flight International 30 March 1985 p 71 Retrieved 17 June 2009 Berufsfeuerwehr Flughafen Stadt Zurich Sicherheitsdepartemenet Retrieved 7 October 2020 Disposition der Einsatze neu am Flughafen Rettungsdienst bleibt am KSW PDF Kantonsspital Winterthur 28 January 2010 Archived from the original PDF on 6 March 2016 Retrieved 7 October 2020 Michael Baumann 14 December 2007 Es kam nur ein Partner in Frage Neue Zurcher Zeitung Retrieved 14 October 2020 Steffi Baumgarten September 2014 ZRH Safety Newsletter PDF Flughafen Zurich Retrieved 14 October 2020 Unfallbericht DC 4 4X ADN Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 23 October 2020 Air Britain Archive Casualty Compendium englisch Part 69 Juni 1998 S 98 55 Unfallbericht IL 12 OK DBP Aviation Safety Network Retrieved 23 October 2020 Ranter Harro ASN Aircraft accident Convair CV 990 30A 6 Coronado HB ICD Wurenlingen aviation safety net Retrieved 9 September 2018 Accident description for LZ BED at the Aviation Safety Network Retrieved on 1 May 2015 Final Report of the Aircraft Accident Investigation Bureau PDF 14 April 2008 Archived from the original PDF on 14 April 2008 Retrieved 9 September 2018 Schlussbericht Nr 2136 der Schweizerischen Unfalluntersuchungsstelle SUST PDF Schweizerische Unfalluntersuchungsstelle SUST 15 March 2011 Retrieved 27 October 2020 Bericht zur Sicherheitsuberprufung am Flughafen Zurich liegt vor Der Bundesrat Schweizerische Eidgenossenschaft 21 February 2013 Retrieved 27 October 2020 Croatia De Havilland Dash 8 400 at Zurich on Sep 27th 2013 nose gear up landing AeroInside 27 September 2013 Retrieved 27 October 2020 External links Edit Media related to Zurich Airport at Wikimedia Commons Official website Ski Taxi amp Airport Transfers Accident history for Zurich Airport at Aviation Safety Network Aeronautical chart and airport information for Zurich Airport at SkyVector Current weather for Zurich Airport at NOAA NWS Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Zurich Airport amp oldid 1053540511, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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