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Calshot

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Calshot is a coastal village in Hampshire, England at the west corner of Southampton Water where it joins the Solent.

Contents

In 1539, Henry VIII ordered the construction of Calshot Castle, at the end of Calshot Spit, to defend the port of Southampton from attack. Its strategic importance continues to the present day, and there is still a military presence in Calshot, though the castle is no longer a manned fort.

Calshot is notable for its role in the development of aircraft and flying boats. In 1913 the Royal Flying Corps established Calshot Naval Air Station (later known as RNAS Calshot and RAF Calshot) at the end of Calshot Spit. It was also at one point home to Lawrence of Arabia.

Calshot Lifeboat Station was established in 1970 by the RNLI.

Relationship with Tristan da Cunha

Following a volcanic eruption in 1961, the population of the Tristan da Cunha islands was evacuated to Calshot. Many evacuees thrived, with the children attending local schools and adults employed in a variety of local businesses and ships. But problems occurred: one of the islanders' elders, a disabled gentleman called Ian Bootla, was mugged and the islanders lacked immunity from flu epidemics and also had to endure the harsh winter of 1962–63. Most of the islanders returned home, but some of the families decided to stay and remain a close-knit community centred on a complex of 50 houses called Tristan Close. Those that returned to Tristan da Cunha renamed the harbour there, Calshot Harbour after their temporary home.

Calshot Castle and Coastguard Tower
Close up of NCI - Calshot Tower

The original hangar from the World War II flying boats remains as an activity centre for watersports (including kite-surfing), climbing, snowboarding and track cycling. There is a small indoor velodrome, a dry ski slope, and facilities for climbing and bouldering. The climbing grades vary from about 3 to the occasional 8a. The centre offers residential and visitor courses.

Next to the hangar is a dinghy marina. The approach road passes on the landward side of the spit, and there are a large number of beach huts.

Row of beach huts at Calshot

The spit comprises a flint pebble structure around one mile long. Between it and the main shore is a salt marshy area with a wealth of wildlife and birds. The nearby Fawley Power Station discharged cooling water into the shallow waters around Calshot beach, and this has led to some reports of warm water species being attracted into the Solent. The Habitats Directive Review of Consents for the Solent Maritime Special Area of Conservation (SAC) did indeed identify thermal pollution on the intertidal zone on the west shore of Southampton Water, but this is likely to be from more than this one source. Excavation for the nearby power station discovered buried land surfaces from the Neolithic period.

  1. OS Explorer Map, New Forest, Scale: 1:25 000.Publisher: Ordnance Survey B4 edition (2013). ISBN 9780319241509
  2. Historic England. "Calshot Castle (1014619)". National Heritage List for England.
  3. "Tristan da Cunha islanders remember life at Calshot". BBC NEWS. 5 October 2011.
  4. "Calshot Activities Centre". Visit Hampshire. Retrieved3 April 2019.
Wikimedia Commons has media related toCalshot.

Calshot
Calshot Language Watch Edit This article needs additional citations for verification Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed Find sources Calshot news newspapers books scholar JSTOR April 2019 Learn how and when to remove this template message Calshot is a coastal village in Hampshire England at the west corner of Southampton Water where it joins the Solent 1 CalshotBuildings at the end of Calshot spit viewed across Calshot marshesCalshotLocation within HampshireOS grid referenceSU47810142DistrictNew ForestShire countyHampshireRegionSouth EastCountryEnglandSovereign stateUnited KingdomPost townSOUTHAMPTONPostcode districtSO45Dialling code023PoliceHampshireFireHampshire and Isle of WightAmbulanceSouth CentralUK ParliamentNew Forest EastList of places UK England Hampshire50 48 37 N 1 19 22 W 50 810410 N 1 322796 W 50 810410 1 322796 Coordinates 50 48 37 N 1 19 22 W 50 810410 N 1 322796 W 50 810410 1 322796 Contents 1 History 1 1 Relationship with Tristan da Cunha 2 Today 3 See also 4 References 5 External linksHistory EditIn 1539 Henry VIII ordered the construction of Calshot Castle at the end of Calshot Spit to defend the port of Southampton from attack 2 Its strategic importance continues to the present day and there is still a military presence in Calshot though the castle is no longer a manned fort Calshot is notable for its role in the development of aircraft and flying boats In 1913 the Royal Flying Corps established Calshot Naval Air Station later known as RNAS Calshot and RAF Calshot at the end of Calshot Spit It was also at one point home to Lawrence of Arabia Calshot Lifeboat Station was established in 1970 by the RNLI Relationship with Tristan da Cunha Edit Following a volcanic eruption in 1961 the population of the Tristan da Cunha islands was evacuated to Calshot 3 Many evacuees thrived with the children attending local schools and adults employed in a variety of local businesses and ships But problems occurred one of the islanders elders a disabled gentleman called Ian Bootla was mugged and the islanders lacked immunity from flu epidemics and also had to endure the harsh winter of 1962 63 Most of the islanders returned home but some of the families decided to stay and remain a close knit community centred on a complex of 50 houses called Tristan Close Those that returned to Tristan da Cunha renamed the harbour there Calshot Harbour after their temporary home Today Edit Calshot Castle and Coastguard Tower Close up of NCI Calshot Tower The original hangar from the World War II flying boats remains as an activity centre for watersports including kite surfing climbing snowboarding and track cycling There is a small indoor velodrome a dry ski slope and facilities for climbing and bouldering 4 The climbing grades vary from about 3 to the occasional 8a The centre offers residential and visitor courses Next to the hangar is a dinghy marina The approach road passes on the landward side of the spit and there are a large number of beach huts Row of beach huts at Calshot The spit comprises a flint pebble structure around one mile long Between it and the main shore is a salt marshy area with a wealth of wildlife and birds The nearby Fawley Power Station discharged cooling water into the shallow waters around Calshot beach and this has led to some reports of warm water species being attracted into the Solent The Habitats Directive Review of Consents for the Solent Maritime Special Area of Conservation SAC did indeed identify thermal pollution on the intertidal zone on the west shore of Southampton Water but this is likely to be from more than this one source Excavation for the nearby power station discovered buried land surfaces from the Neolithic period See also EditCalshot Spit Calshot Castle Calshot Lifeboat Station RAF Calshot RNAS CalshotReferences Edit OS Explorer Map New Forest Scale 1 25 000 Publisher Ordnance Survey B4 edition 2013 ISBN 9780319241509 Historic England Calshot Castle 1014619 National Heritage List for England Tristan da Cunha islanders remember life at Calshot BBC NEWS 5 October 2011 Calshot Activities Centre Visit Hampshire Retrieved 3 April 2019 External links EditWikimedia Commons has media related to Calshot Article on the history of Calshot from Southern Life magazine Calshot Activity Centre Calshot Sub Aqua Club Environment Agency Factsheet permanent dead link Geology of Fawley Power Station excavations Retrieved from https en wikipedia org w index php title Calshot amp oldid 1022150385, wikipedia, wiki, book,

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